Ficus dalhousiae Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 285 1867. (Syn: Ficus costigera Miq.; Urostigma dalhousiae Miq. (Unresolved));
India (Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu) – endemic as per Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy- Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012;
English: Dalhousiae’s Ficus
 Malayalam: Kallaal; Tamil: Kal-aal, Pei-aal

Trees, to 10 m high, sometimes epiphyte; bark brown, fairly smooth; blaze creamy-pink; exudation milky; aerial roots absent; young shoots softly pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules to 3 cm long, lateral, ovate-lanceolate, puberulous; petiole 4-10 cm long, stout, not articulated, pubescent; lamina 25-30 x 12-18 cm, ovate or ovate-oblong, base deeply cordate, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous above and minutely pubescent beneath; 3-7-ribbed from base, lateral nerves 10-13 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, in axillary pairs, 1 x 0.8 cm, obovoid, with 3 broad triangular apicular scales, densely pubescent; bracts 3, spreading, broad, triangular, sometimes bifid; peduncle 8 mm long, pubescent; flowers of 4 kinds; male flowers very few, only near the apex of receptacle, sessile, globose; tepals 3, concave, round; stamen 1, connective wide; filament thick, adnate; female flower sessile; perianth gamophyllous; ovary ovoid; style long, lateral; stigma cylindric; gall flowers on thick pedicels, ovary obovoid, smooth; style short. Syconium yellow when ripe.

Flowering and fruiting: December-January
Dry and moist deciduous forests
Southern Western Ghats (endemic)
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal)

Ficus dalhousiae Miq SN Oct 42 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2).
Ficus dalhousiae Miq
small tree on hill at an altitude of 1000m from Krishnagiri dt Tamilnadu.

Ficus dalhousiae Miq : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
It seems Ficus dalhousiae Miq from Kiliyur falls Yercaud Salem Dt Tamilnadu

Yes sir, this is Ficus dalhousiae (Miq.) Miq.

The photographs are temporarily identified as Ficus dalahousiae (Miq.) Miq.
But physically specimens should be verified because F. anamalayana also looks like same.
It is distributed in Yercaud hills.

I request for the ID of the Ficus sp.
Medium size tree.
Shervaroyan Hills, Salem Dt (TN)
Alt.: ca 700 m asl.
DoP: 07-11-2017

Pl. check comparative images at Ficus

I have checked before posting. But, unable to conclude.

Ok, …

I have checked before posting. But, unable to conclude.


Ficus sp. to be ID’d : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3)- 1 mb or more.
Found this in Jawadhu hills of Eastern ghats.
Low altitude around 200 MSL.
Attached to a Bridge.
I’d please.

Ficus dalhousiae,

In vegetative, the pointing character is the base of the leaf.
Attachments (1)

Ficus arnottiana could be an another possibility.

This should be Ficus dalhousiae Miq.

…, how to tell it apart from F. religiosa, F. rumphii, and F. arnottiana ? Your detailed response will be appreciable.
I agree with F. dalhousiae and I can appreciate the uniqueness of leaves, Still I would like to see  your way of describing them.

Thank you, …, for strengthening me,

1. a. Leaf base sagittate when young (Basal lobes overlapped) …….. dalhousiae
         (When it mature not seen this character)
    b. Leaf pubescent below …………. dalhousiae
1. Other than ……………2
2. Leaf base rounded ……… rumphii
2. Other than ……………….3
3. Leaf tail up to 1.5 cm ……. arnottiana
3. Leaf tail up to 3 – 6 cm ………. religiosa


Ficus I’d please: 1 image.

Found in Amirthi forests of Vellore district Tamilnadu.
Attached to a water bridge.

Ficus dalhousiae,



The Plant List Ver.1.1  India Biodiversity Portal  New distribution record of the endemic and rare Ficus dalhousiae Miq. (Moraceae) by K.K. Sampath Kumara, A.N. Sringeswara, K.B. Sadananda & H.S. Prakash  Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007- Details) 

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