Distribution In India: Andhra Pradesh20, Assam30, Goa26, Gujarat21, Himachal Pradesh25, Karnataka17, Kerala29, Maharashtra23, Meghalaya11, Orissa27, Sikkim30, Tamil Nadu22, Uttar Pradesh28, West Bengal24  (ILDIS)

Slender climbers, stems strigose. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets unequal, to 7 x 5.5 cm, broadly deltoid-ovoid, hairy, stipellate; petiole to 6 cm long. Racemes 4 cm long, 2-flowered; bracts ovate, acuminate. Flowers yellow; calyx 6 mm long, upper 2 lobes connate, hispid; petals yellow; standard 15 mm broad, orbicular, retuse; wings 15 x 10 mm, obovate, spurred at base; keel 14 x 5 mm, oblong, beaked; stamens 9+1; ovary oblong; style densely bearded above. Pods 5.5 x 0.8 cm, curved, compressed, 6-8-seeded.
Flowering and fruiting: September-January
Grasslands and savannahs
Africa and East Asia
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi

ANOCT69 Fabaceae twiner for identification : 13 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (7)

Bangalore outskirts
20th October 2014

Likely to be Canavalia ensiformis

Dolichos trilobus L.

Thank you very much … for sharing this and thans to … This looks similar to my post where … suggested the possibility of Vigna.

The stamens in Canavalia are monadelphous as per FoC. So, this seems to be a Dolichos. But D. trilobus L. is glabrous or almost so as per FoC. with white corolla.
The name D. trilobatus L. is Phaseolus trilobus Aiton, having small yellow flowers.
The name Dolichos trilobus is confusing, because there are one D. falcatus Willd. and one D. falcatus auct. non Willd.
I think this is possibly Dolichos tenuicaulis (Baker) Craib. (D. falcatus Willd.iii.1047 in FI)

Thanks, …
Range of Dolichos tenuicaulis (Baker) Craib is Himalaya (E. Nepal to Bhutan), Khasia, Burma, Thailand, China (Yunnan) as per FON. Also it is Meghalaya1, Orissa1, Sikkim3, West Bengal1 as per ILDIS
In south India, only Dolichos trilobus L. seems to be there as per Dolichos page.
Also Dolichos falcatus WILLD. is a synonym of Dolichos trilobus L. as per The Plant List & GRIN & ILDIS.

Thank you …, perhaps you are correct, it is Dolichos trilobus L. as suggested by …, but flowers should be yellow in long axillary lax racemes as per link in efi page referring the book

I think i was wrong suggesting D. tenuicaulis (Baker) Craib (as a probable id). FoC says it is found in the range of 2000-2300 m. and FBI entries are confusing, please check –

  1. biodiversitylibrary442
  2. biodiversitylibrary74
Moreover, entry in Flora Indica is also confusing, for Roxburgh connected D. falcatus Willd. (having blue-purple flowers) with D. trilobus Lour. the later being a Pueraria species!
Haines noted this in his BoBO. Prain didn’t list it in his book, BP.
In spite of so much confusion it is probably not Canavalia ensiformis, which is a large climber, generally cultivated, having 1.5 to 2 inch wide pods.
So, what it is? FBI says D. falcatus Klein has yellow corolla, FI says blue-purple, FoC says white (of-course China var.)! Attached here relevant entries.
Based on above and the following links I agree with …-
  1. http://plants.jstor.org/flora/fwta3325
  2. http://actd.iict.pt/view/actd:LISC036931
  3. http://actd.iict.pt/view/actd:LISC036930
Though initially I thought my species is also same as of …, I think my species may be some other for its so much hairy nature.
Attachments (4)

It looks like Dolichos trilobus to me too.

Thank you …, may I have your view on another post, at efi thread?

The main difference seen seems to be the pubescence [strigose] of the Hoogly plant as opposed to the glabrous nature of the Bangalore plant. Does it make it var pubescence?


lean Fabaceae Hooghly SK2 28Nov12:

Attaching images of a twiner found beside railway-tracks.
Species : UNKNOWN
H & H : twiner with small trifoliolate leaves and small flowers
Date : 4/11/12, 10.47 a.m.
Place : Hooghly

This could be a species of Vigna.

Thank you … for the ID suggestion. Attaching two more photos, one from the same plant – xx_28nov12_DSCN7996.jpg. This looks like our common vegetable SIM (lablab) as can be seen in the second pic, vegetable_Lablab_purpureus_29nov12_DSCN8204. jpg.

A correction, or further clarification, this looks like the vegetable which we call SIM in Bengali, but it is not Lablab (Dolichos lablab L.) for sure. This plant has much smaller leaves and pods.

The fruits look much like Lablab purpureus. If it is purely wild, then it could be Dolichos trilobus.

Thank you very much …, it is purely wild, I visited this plant twice to check if it could be a Lablab purpureus, but I think not. Compared to L. p. it is a lilliput or pigmy. Soil nutrients won’t be a factor. I think it roughly satisfies all characters described in FBI & FI combined, including peduncle to petiole ratio.


Fabaceae (Faboideae)Fortnight:: Dolichos trilobus L. :: Kamshet::PKA-OCT-97 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Saw this Climber at Uksan in Kamshet region (Maharashtra)
Bot. name: Dolichos trilobus L.

Family: Fabaceae
Habitat: Wild
plant habit: Twining herb/Climber..

Identification of Fabaceae member : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Pl. help me to identify the attached specimen from Fabaceae
Slightly woody climber. Inflorescence long pendulous, like an umbel. Unfortunately no pods were to be observed.
Observed in Yelagiri Hills, Vellore Dist, Tamilnadu on  01-01-2016

One more picture showing the habit. Attachments (1)

Dolichos trilobus

ID for legume spp- Dolichous falcatus? : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Plz help for ID this legume plant spp, Found in Bangalore, it may be Dolichous falcatus ? twinner and lilac flower, clinbing on fences of fields in wild form

Yes it is Dolichus falcatus Willd. Syn. Dolichus trilobus L.

Ixora brachiata, Rubiaceae

…, it is not a Ixora brachiata, Rubiaceae because its pod like legumes and flower also different so correct ID is Dolichous falcatus or Dolichos trilobus by …

Rhynchosia for ID: (mixed thread): 4 correct images as above.
Collected from Tamil Nadu during November 2011.
Please help me to validate the ID

And the 2nd set of pictures are probably of Dolichos trilobus.

Charmadi Ghat Karnataka
Date: 12 NOV 2016 … Altitude: explored between: 873 – 976 m (2863 – 3201 ft) asl
ID please … (family: Fabaceae)

Dear friends,
Want to know ID of a delicate leguminous climber; with trifoliate leaves.
The flower about 1 cm across, about 15 mm long, pod about 5 – 6 cm long.

I strongly this plant to be Dolichos trilobus L. ?
I referred to Digital Flora of Karnataka.

Kemmangundi Road Karnataka
Date: 13 NOV 2016 … Altitude: ~ 1021 – 1369 m (3349 – 4491 ft) asl
ID please … … (family: Cucurbitaceae)

Dear friends,
Want to know ID of a delicate leguminous climber; with trifoliate leaves.
The flower about 1 cm across, about 15 mm long, pod about 5 – 6 cm long.
Seen on earlier day at Charmadi Ghat.

I strongly this plant to be Dolichos trilobus L.
I referred to Digital Flora of Karnataka.


Please help me with Telugu names of Dolichos trilobus L. in native script …
Following two names (with variations) are listed at ENVIS – FRLHT for its synonym Dolichos falcatus Willd.
itamungatige, itoomungeetiga
verriulavu, verrivulava
I am not sure about the first; please help.
The second, I could sum up from online Telugu-English dictionary by Charles Philip Brown as:
verri వెర్రి = one of its meaning, wild
ulava ఉలవ = a kind of pulse
Thus, please validate వెర్రిఉలవ

… you are absolutely correct

Thanks very much … I think you may missed this pair of names: itamungatige, itoomungeetiga 

I hope one of the two makes some sense 
I know తీగె tige OR తీగ tiga = climbing plant OR creeper
but was not able get any results for itamunga or itoomungee.

Sorry I missed this teega, it is ఇంటి ముంగతీగ; means a vine that grows near the (residential areas) house; both తీగె and తీగ are similar, they are dilect changes; In telugu language we write how we prounounce; prounouciation differs between educated and tribals or village rustics; hence some differences

Thank you very very much … for the help with names and native script.

via Species‎ > ‎D‎ > Dolichos trilobus L. … family: Fabaceae ~ Papilionaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
dol-EE-kos — long bean … Dave’s Botanary
try-LO-bus — three-lobed (leaved) … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known aswild butter beanwild lablab bean • Kannadaಕಾಡಾವರೆ kaadavareಕಾಡುಹುರುಳಿ kaduhuruli • Malayalamകാട്ടമര kattamaraകാട്ടുമുതിര kattumuthira • Marathiरान पावटा raan pavata • Sanskritनिष्पावाः nispavah • Tamilபாம்புமொச்சை pampu-moccai • Teluguఅడవి చిక్కుడు adavi chikkuduఇంటి ముంగతీగ inti-mungatigaవెర్రిఉలవ verriulavu • Tuluಕಟ್ಟಬರೆ kattabare 
botanical namesDolichos trilobus L. … synonymsDolichos andongensis Baker • Dolichos cristatus Miq. • Dolichos debilis A.Rich. • Dolichos falcata Klein • Dolichos falcatus Willd. • Dolichos kosyunensis Hosok. • Dolichos schliebenii Harms • Dolichos tuberosus Roxb. • Vigna tenuis Franch. … The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 
November 12, 2016 … along Charmadi Ghat, Karnataka 

Great efforts, …

dol-EE-kos — long bean … Dave’s Botanary
try-LO-bus — three-lobed (leaved) … Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: sickle bean, wild butter bean, wild horse gram, wild lablab bean • Gujarati: જંગલી પાપડી jungli papadi • Kachchhi: અડબાઉ વાલોળ adbau valol • Kannada: ಕಾಡವರೆ kaadavare, ಕಾಡುಹುರುಳಿ kaduhuruli • Malayalam: കാട്ടമര kattamara, കാട്ടുമുതിര kattumuthira • Marathi: रान पावटा raan pavata • Sanskrit: निष्पाव nishpava • Tamil: பாம்புமொச்சை pampu-moccai • Telugu: అడవి చిక్కుడు adavi chikkudu, ఇంటి ముంగతీగ inti-mungatiga, వెర్రిఉలవ verriulavu • Tulu: ಕಟ್ಟಬರೆ kattabare

botanical namesDolichos trilobus L. … accepted infraspecificsDolichos trilobus subsp. occidentalis Verdc. • Dolichos trilobus var. richardsiae Mackinder • Dolichos trilobus subsp. transvaalicus Verdc. • Dolichos trilobus subsp. trilobus … POWO
Dolichos trilobus subsp. trilobus … synonymsDolichos falcatus J.G.Klein ex Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 3: 1047 (1802) … POWO

Bibliography / etymology

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
sickle bean
wild butter bean
wild horse gram
  • for Dolichos falcatus J.G.Klein ex Willd. … synonym of Dolichos trilobus subsp. trilobus … Alar – an authoritative Kannada-English dictionary corpus created by V. Krishna
wild lablab bean
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
જંગલી પાપડી jungli papadi
~~~~~ KACHCHI ~~~~~
અડબાઉ વાલોળ adbau valol
  • this name is prevalent in Porbandar … for Dolichos falcatus J.G.Klein ex Willd. … synonym of Dolichos trilobus subsp. trilobus … FLORA OF BARDA MOUNTAIN (KATHIAWAD) by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1910
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಕಾಡವರೆ kaadavare
ಕಾಡುಹುರುಳಿ kaduhuruli
  • or ಕಾಡುಹುರಳಿ kaduhurali … for Dolichos falcatus J.G.Klein ex Willd. … synonym of Dolichos trilobus subsp. trilobus … ENVIS – FRLHT
  • for Dolichos falcatus J.G.Klein ex Willd. … synonym of Dolichos trilobus subsp. trilobus … Mandayam Digital Library – Latin and Kannada names of indigenous and medicinal plants of Mysore by S G Narsimhachar
  • for Dolichos falcatus J.G.Klein ex Willd. … synonym of Dolichos trilobus subsp. trilobus … Alar – an authoritative Kannada-English dictionary corpus created by V. Krishna … also ಕಾಡಹುರುಳಿ kadahuruli
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
കാട്ടമര kattamara, കാട്ടുമുതിര kattumuthira
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
रान पावटा raan pavata
  • name given for want of name; this name in line with those in other regional languages … रान पावटा raan pavata = wild lablab bean – named so, due to its close affinity with lablab bean, and occurring in wild
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
no given name
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
निष्पाव nishpava
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
பாம்புமொச்சை pampu-moccai
  • for Dolichos falcatus J.G.Klein ex Willd. … synonym of Dolichos trilobus subsp. trilobus … ENVIS – FRLHT
  • for Dolichos falcatus J.G.Klein ex Willd. … synonym of Dolichos trilobus subsp. trilobus … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
అడవి చిక్కుడు adavi chikkudu
ఇంటి ముంగతీగ inti-mungatiga, వెర్రిఉలవ verriulavu
  • for Dolichos falcatus J.G.Klein ex Willd. … synonym of Dolichos trilobus subsp. trilobus … ENVIS – FRLHT
  • Many thanks to A Lalithamba for help with this name … efloraofindia
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ಕಟ್ಟಬರೆ kattabare
~~~~~ x ~~~~~

Dolichos trilobus :: Yercaud :: 25 JAN 18 : 2 posts by 2 authors. 8 images.
Yercaud … (literally, lake forest), Tamil Nadu
… near Kiliyur Falls … Date: January 25, 2018 … Altitude: about 1,623 m (5324 feet) asl
Dolichos trilobus L. … (family: Fabaceae)

Dolichos trilobus :: Iruppu Falls, Coorg :: 12 NOV 19 : 4 posts by 3 authors. 5 images.
Iruppu Falls Coorg
Date: November 12, 2019 … Altitude range: about 850 – 1,000 m (2,800 – 3,300 ft) asl
Dolichos trilobus  L.

I remember seeing this plant in Chikamagalur (… gave the ID) and then saw it in Yercaud.


Fabaceae for ID : Bangalore : 28APR20 : AK-81 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Fabaceae climber seen today growing wild in a society garden.
Is it Teramnus Species or something else?

Not Teramnus Ma’am,
It’s Dolichos trilobus,

Thanks for the id and also for correcting me.

ID for vigna spp : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
This is may be vigna wild relatives, plz ID for this ……
found in Bangalore, Karanatak
edges of the field fences, climbing this vigna spp

Phaseolus wild relatives pod is like a beans

Pl. see with comparative images at Vigna along with the latest publications. 

It looks like Dolichos trilobus L., Syn. Dolichus falcatus 

It will be Nesphostylis lanceolata (Baker) H.Ohashi & Tateishi (= Dolichos lanceolatus Baker)

At the outset it looked like Vigna vexillata. But pods do not tally.
You may also check for Phaseolus sps. (P. acutifolious ?). There are plenty of varieties in the species.

I guess correct ID :