Common name:
Cockspur Thorn • Nepali: डमरू Damaru; AssamesePuli-Kaint; KhasiU-ther-sia-hati, U-sia-kiang;

Large rambling or subscandent spinous shrub or small tree. Bark smooth, lenticellate, yellowish-brown or cinerous, exfoliating in thin flakes, thorns axillary, straight or somewhat curved, latex profuse, pale yellow. Leaves variable, elliptic-obovate or oblong-elliptic, 2.5-8 x 3-5 cm, mucronate, rounded, base cuneate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, dark-green above, paler beneath, lateral veins 6-12 on either side of the midvein, petiole 0.3-1 cm long, stipules minute. Male inflorescence capitulum, tepals usually 5, obovate, inflexed at the tips, 5-12 mm in diameter, pedunculate, yellowish. Female inflorescence heads 0. 7 cm across, tepals 4, obovate-oblong, thickened and softly tomentose at the tips. Fruit globose, 2.5-3 cm across, velvety and orange when ripe.

Flowering/Fruiting: April-August.
Evergreen to deciduous forests.
These trees are monoecious, i.e., male and female flowers occur separately in the same tree. Pollinated by honey bees.
Seeds are passed through the alimentary canals of birds and other animals that feed on the fruits.
Susceptible to insect pests.
Asia: Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Oceanic Islands: Pacific Islands; Australasia: Australia.
India: Assam, Bihar, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand
(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India. & Kailash, B. R., UAS & ATREE, Bangalore, India

AKNOV10 Maclura cochinchinensis : 4 posts by 3 authors. No images seen now.
Maclura cochinchinensis, a large woody climber with spiny stems and edible fruit from FRI campus, Dehradun.

i had heard about this little cousin to the osage orange.. never seen it
thanks for showing it here


Maclura cochinchinensis : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)- 1 mb or more.
Enclosing some pics of M. cochinchinensis shot on 13 July 2016 in the Godawari Botanical Garden Nepal.

very nice. a relative of osage orange, a source of imp lectins. I would love to know if this is most mature size of this fruit and if so how large and has one with inside ? i.e. cut up open?

Thank you ! The fruit is just at the beginning stage and it would grow little larger upto 2-5 cm


Dried friut / seed ! Attachments (3)- 400 kb or more.


Location: Godawari, Nepal

Date: 22 June 2017 
Altitude:5000 ft.
Attachments (6)- 500 kb or more. 


Please identify this liana -NS 240712:
Photographed at Khandala a fortnight ago. Large trees were festooned with this liana. Sending a few photographs.
Would be grateful if someone could identify it.

Other than the climbing nature, it somewhat resembles Streblus taxoides of Moraceae.

Was this growing in the jungle? It looks rather like Curtain creeper, Vernonia elaeagnifolia.

It was reasonably far away from civilization. Had considered Vernonia but it did not seem to make the grade.

I think this may be Maclura cochinchinensis (Urticaceae), but need to be checked.

Negative. Thanks for a possible lead, but Maclura cochinchinensis has spines which my plant totally lacked.



020718 LNS 1 : 13 posts by 3 authors.
Please help plant attached herewith with following description.
A climber, sometimes shrubby, small amount of milk (sap) was observed.
Recorded at 900 m asl in forest, Near Pokhara, Nepal.
Photo taken: 16/06/2018

To me the description is inadequate. The main feature of the plant in this case are the prominent spines.
It may be Meyna laxiflora (syn Meyna spinosa)

Thank you for your remarks. Admit that notes are insufficient.
could you please help me understand if Meyna have milky sap?

Maclura cochinchinensis ??

Wild guess here:
Please check Lycium spp, Randia spp, Todallia spp

To me looks different from images at Maclura cochinchinensis and Meyna laxiflora

Is there any similarity in the following links ?
Thank you very much for the links. Yes, I checked additional photos. Now I feel there is variation among photos. The specimen could be Maclura as you have suggested.
I have found another photo of same plant in my folder. attached here but photo is not well focussed.
Thank you … for populating it again.
Attachments (1)- 4 MB.

If you have time please visit to GBG and ask … to show the plant. It is just behind the toilet area on the left side . One more plant near  the end of the park on the left side climb.
You may be able find some fruits also.

Thank you for the info. I will try for that.

Thank you for your cooperation. The species is Maclura as indicated by …


IDENTITY: 58 : 3 posts by 3 authors. 3 correct images.
Attaching few images of a small tree with spines. The flowers are white and fragrant. Fruits a re round and rough surface.
The images have flowers, fruits leaves and stem of the plant. Can anybody identify the species please?

Fruiting and spine images belong to Maclura cochinchinensis (Lour.) Corner but flower image looks different sp.

Attaching four images of Maclura cochinchinensis.
Identity credit Dr A Lalithamba and Dr Hiranmay Biswas.

Yes, it is !


Unknown Thorny Plant for ID: 3 images.
Location: Imphal, Manipur

September 2022

Maclura cochinchinensis (Lour.) Corner

Yes, appears close as per images at Maclura cochinchinensis (Lour.) Corner


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