Ilex aquifolium L., Sp. Pl. 125 1753. (Syn: Aquifolium croceum Raf.; Aquifolium ferox Mill. ex Rafin.; Aquifolium heterophyllum Raf.; Aquifolium ilex Scop.; Aquifolium lanceolatum Raf.; Aquifolium planifolium Raf.; Aquifolium spinosum Lam.; Aquifolium undulatum Raf.; Aquifolium vulgare St.-Lag.; Ilex aquifolium var. barcinonae Pau; Ilex balearica Desf.);
Ilex aquifolium (holly, common holly, English holly, European holly, or occasionally Christmas holly), is a species of holly native to western and southern Europe, northwest Africa, and southwest Asia. I. aquifolium is the species familiar in Christmas decoration, and is regarded as the type species of the genus Ilex, which by association is also called “holly”. It is a dioecious tree or shrub found, for example, in shady areas of forests of oak and in beech hedges. It has a great capacity to adapt to different conditions and is a pioneer species that repopulates the margins of forests or clearcuts.
As a tree, it can exceed 10 m in height. It is usually found as a shrub or a small tree about 1 m tall with a straight trunk and pyramidal crown, which branches from the base. It is slow growing and it does not usually fully mature due to grazing, cutting, or fire. It can live 500 years, but usually does not reach 100.
Holly is an evergreen tree growing to 10–25 m tall with a woody stem as large as 40–80 cm, rarely 1 m or more, in diameter The leaves are 5–12 cm long and 2–6 cm broad; they are evergreen, lasting about five years, and are dark green on the upper surface and lighter on the underside, oval, leathery, shiny, and about 5 to 9 cm long. In the young and in the lower limbs of mature trees, the leaves have three to five sharp spines on each side, pointing alternately upward and downward, while leaves of the upper branches in mature trees lack spines.
The flowers are white, four-lobed, and pollinated by bees. Holly is dioecious, meaning that there are male plants and female plants. The sex cannot be determined until the plants begin flowering, usually between 4 and 12 years of age. In male specimens, the flowers are yellowish and appear in axillary groups. In the female, flowers are isolated or in groups of three and are small and white or slightly pink, and consist of four petals and four sepals partially fused at the base.
The fruit is a red drupe, about 6–10 mm in diameter, a bright red or bright yellow, which matures around October or November; at this time they are very bitter due to the ilicin content and so are rarely eaten until late winter after frost has made them softer and more palatable. They are eaten by rodents, birds and larger herbivores. Each fruit contains 3 to 4 seeds which do not germinate until the second or third spring. The fruit only appears on female plants, which require male plants nearby to fertilise them.
Ilex aquifolium, the familiar holly of Christmas cards and wreaths, is widely grown in parks and gardens in temperate regions. Both male and female specimens must be grown together to ensure berries (drupes), which are produced only by female plants.
(From Wikipedia on 6.12.14)
Ornamental Plant For ID : California : 22NOV14 : AK-51 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Ornamental plant seen at the Japanese Tea Garden, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco on 30/9/14.
Small, potted plant.
Most probably Ilex aquifolium cultivar Argentea marginata.
Thanks for the suggested id.
It does look like it.
Ornamental Plant for ID : Nasik : 031211 : AK-2: An ornamental, cultivated, potted plant at a plant nursery at Nasik taken on the 1st of Dec,11.
The leaves resemble the artificial Christmas Holly leaves with red berries we see for decoration purpose.
No flowers or berries seen, only leaves.
Probably some species of Malpighia.
I thought Ilex sp.
We grow an Ilex cornuta that has the same leaf shape. Link
It appears to be Acanthus ilicifolius if it bears violet flowers.
The leaves of Acanthus ilicifolius are very very different from the leaves that … has added.
I think this represents Ilex species.
Adding some more pictures, one with the leaf attached to the stem.
I am familiar with Miniature Holly…the leaves are quite different.
Attaching a picture of it for comparison with flowers.
For this post, I may not be able to do the homework given by you. since the nursery is far away & I’m tied up with other things as my children are visiting.
… has seen the same plant at the same Nursery at Nasik, suggested the name as Holly Christmas Tree, information given by the nursery staff….that it is free from pest & diseases.
Saw these tiny buds during recent visit to the same nursery.
Leaves are hard & rubbery.
After the change in our Group format, had tried posting these pictures.
Had recd a message saying failed delivery as attachments are too large.
On checking images for Ilex, these resembled Ilex aquifolium.
Experts kindly verify.
Please find the plant ID for link: Plant species: Ilex aquifolium L.
Synonyms: Aquifolium croceum Raf.
Aquifolium ferox Mill. ex Rafin.
Aquifolium heterophyllum Raf.
Aquifolium ilex Scop.
Aquifolium lanceolatum Raf.
Aquifolium planifolium Raf. etc…
Common Name: Holly, Common holly, English holly, European holly
Native distribution: Africa (Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia) and Europe (United Kingdom, Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Serbia; Slovenia, France; Portugal; Spain)
Economic importance: Ornamental, ethnomedicine, poisonous to mammals, and acts as weed (a potential seed contaminant).
Plant for ID : New Jersey : 12FEB19 : AK-23 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Another ornamental plant seen in New Jersey.
Could this be Osmanthus Species as well?
No this is a Holly… Ilex. Ilex aquifolia argentea marginata or similar.
Note that the leaves are alternate.
Hope this helps.