Terminalia travancorensis Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 314 1834. ;
Vernacular names : Tamil: Morgatchie, Pei kadukkai Malayalam: Chula maruthu, Katta kadukkai, Kattu kadukka, Kotta kadukka, Pakadukai, Pekatukka, Sulamarutu
Habit- Large trees, buttressed, up to 35 m tall.
Trunk & Bark- Trunk with clear bole; bark grey, smooth; blaze brown.
Branches and Branchlets- Branchlets subterete, glabrous.
Leaves- Leaves simple, opposite or subopposite and alternate; petiole 1.3-1.9 cm long, slightly canaliculate above; lamina 5-11 x 2.2-5 cm narrow elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, apex acute to gradually acuminate, base asymmetricaly attenuate or rounded, margin entire, coriaceous, pubescent when young and later glabrous, midrib nearly flat; secondary nerves 12-15, gradually curved; tertiary nerves minutely reticulo-percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower- Inflorescence axillary, panicled spikes, inflorescence axis and pedicel rusty puberulous; flowers white.
Fruit and Seed- Drupe, 3.8 x 1.3 cm, ovoid, covered with greyish round spots, 1-seeded.
Canopy trees in wet evergreen forests between to 100 to 1000 m.
Endemic to the Western Ghats- occasional in South Sahyadri and rare in southern part of Central Sahyadri.
(Attributions- B. R. Ramesh, N. Ayyappan, Pierre Grard, Juliana Prosperi, S. Aravajy, Jean Pierre Pascal, The Biotik Team, French Institute of Pondicherry from India Biodiversity Portal)
Crassulaceae, Combretaceae and Myrtaceae Fortnight: December 11- 24,2014 SN 05 : 2 posts by 2 authors.
Terminalia travancorensis Wight & Arn., cultivated tree from KFRI near Thrissur Kerala