Dichanthium caricosum (L.) A.Camus, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 27: 549 1921. (Syn: Andropogon annulatus var. subrepens Hack.; Andropogon binatus Roxb. [Illegitimate]; Andropogon caricosus L.; Andropogon curvatus Russell ex Wall. [Invalid]; Andropogon depressus Steud.; Andropogon filiformis Pers.; Andropogon serratus Retz. [Illegitimate]; Andropogon tenellus Roxb.; Apocopis pallida Hook.f.; Dichanthium caricosum var. theinlwinii (Bor) de Wet & Harlan; Dichanthium pallidum (Hook.f.) Stapf ex C.E.C.Fisch.; Dichanthium theinlwinii Bor; Heteropogon concinnus Thwaites; Heteropogon tenellus (Roxb.) Schult.; Lepeocercis serrata Trin.; Sorghum caricosum (L.) Kuntze);
Indian Subcontinent to China (Guizhou, Yunnan) and W. Malesia: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Introduced: Colombia, Cook Is., Cuba, Fiji, Hawaii, Honduras, Japan, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Niue, Queensland, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Is., Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is. as per POWO;

Perennials. Culms 10-100 cm long, erect or decumbent, sometimes stoloniferous, nodes bearded or glabrous. Leaves lanceolate, 2-20 x 0.2-0.4 cm. Ligules ovate, acute, membranous. Racemes usually solitary, rarely 2-3, 2-6 cm long, joints 1-1.5 mm long. Sessile spikelets obovate, 3-3.5 mm long; callus hairy; lower glume obovate, 3-4 x 1.5-2 mm, obtuse, subcoriaceous, 7-9 nerved, narrowly winged towards apex, margins ciliate; upper glume lanceolate, 3-3.5 x 1 mm, subcoriaceous, keeled on dorsal side; lower floret empty; upper floret bisexual; first lemma ovate-lanceolate, 2-3 x 1 mm, delicate, hyaline, glabrous; second lemma stipitate, 1-2 mm long hyaline base of the awn, awn 12-20 mm long, column 5-6 mm. Stamens 3, anthers 1-1.5 mm long; ovary oblong, 0.25-0.5 mm, styles 0.5-1 mm long, stigmas 1-1.5 mm long. Pedicelled spikelets obovate, 3-4 mm long, unawned; pedicels 1-1.5 mm long; lower glume oblong or obovate, 3-4 x 1.5-2 mm, subcoriaceous or chartaceous, 13-15 nerved, minutely winged towards apex; upper glume ovate-lanceolate, 3-4 x 1.5 mm, delicate, 3-nerved, margins hyaline, ciliate; florets male or empty.

Flowering and fruiting: February-May
Dry grasslands
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi From India Biodiversity Portal)


Fwd: [efloraofindia:211226] POEACEA ID from Bangladesh SM 188- 6 : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments(1)

Ischaemum indicum (Houtt.) Merr.?

Please wait for experts, because I am not sure of the id I have suggested.

Dichanthium annulatum?

Dichanthium sp.

Dichanthium caricosum


Need help id’ing grass with glabrous nodes : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Bhopal; black soil; 20/10/2020

Very close to Dicanthium annulatum

But nodes are glabrous…

please check Dichanthium caricosum or Dichanthium aristatum.
This page talks about related species of Dichanthium annulatum, but with glabrous nodes,
Tropcial forages

Dichanthium caricosum



Grass ID141010PHK1: 4 images.
Grass for ID
At kanakeshwar, Alibag
Local Marathi name: Tel gavat

May be Dichanthium annulatum

Agree with Dichanthium annulatum

Dichanthium caricosum (D.annulatum will have annular hairs around the nodes, whereas nodes of D.c. are hairless)



POWO  The Plant List Ver.1.1 WCSP  Grassbase  GRIN  Fact sheet  FAO  India Biodiversity Portal  

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *