Premna scandens Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832 3: 82 1832. (Syn: Gumira scandens (Roxb.) Kuntze; Premna cordifolia Brandis [Illegitimate]; Premna coriacea var. cuneata C.B.Clarke; Premna coriacea var. oblonga C.B.Clarke; Premna ramosa Wall. [Invalid]);
China (Yunnan) to Tropical Asia: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, East Himalaya, India, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;
A large scandent shrub. Bark dark greenish black, lenticellate with large white lenticels both horizontal and vertical, branches and branchlets subterete or obtusely quadrangular, young parts slightly pubescent, glabrous when mature. Leaves simple, decussate-opposite, elliptic, elliptic-oblong, ovate-oblong, 12-26 × 3-8 cm, base subcordate to obtuse, margin entire, apex acute to acuminate, chartaceous, membranous, foetid or pungent smell when crushed or bruised, glabrous on both surfaces, minutely pubescent on nerves beneath, lateral veins 5-7 on either side of the midrib, impressed above, prominent on midrib beneath, reticulate veinlets, petiole slender, pubescent, canaliculated, about 2-3.8 cm long. Inflorescence terminal paniculate corymbs, composed of 8–12 opposite dichotomously branched cymes, about 10-25 cm long, peduncle, slender, obtusely quadrangular, about 4-9 cm long, bracts leaflike or foliaceous, lanceolate, bractlets subulate, about 3 mm long. Flowers bisexual, numerous, pedicels about 1-3 mm long, Calyx cupular, faintly 5 toothed, 2 lipped, apex obtuse, pubescent, about 2 × 1.5 mm across, Corolla infundibular, light greenish white or grayish yellow, 4 lobes, 2-lipped, upper lip 1-lobed, entire, lower lip 3 lobed, lobes obovate, obtuse, corolla tube narrow, about 2 x 1 mm across, densely pubescent at throat, glabrous outside. Stamens 4, didynamous, exserted, filaments filiform, about 2-3 mm long, slightly exserted, anthers globose, 2-celled, Ovary obovoid, truncate at apex, 1 × 1 mm, glabrous, style slender, 2 mm long, stigma bilobed, divaricate, lobes equal, subulate. Fruit drupaceous, obovoid, glabrous, about 4 x 3 mm across, dark purple black when ripe, fruiting calyx saucer shaped, seeds obovoid.
Premna species flowers are complete, bisexual, i.e., with functional male (androecium) and female (gynoecium), including stamens, carpels and ovary. Pollination is entomophilous i.e., by insects. Flowering/Fruiting: May-November.
Seeds dispersed by anemochory i.e., wind dispersal, zoochory i.e., dispersal by birds or animals.
Susceptible to insect pests.
Deciduous to evergreen forests.
Local Distribution: Meghalaya, Sikkim, West Bengal. Global Distribution: Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India. Kailash, B. R., UAS & ATREE, Bangalore, India. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India.
from India Biodiversity Portal)
Premna scandens : New record to South India : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)- Premna scandens.pdf
Pls find the paper on the new distribution record of Premna scandens to South India
(PREMNA SCANDENS ROXB, (VERBENACEAE) – A NEW DISTRIBUTION RECORD FOR SOUTH INDIA by T. SUNILKUMARA, HONEYJOHN, KM. PRABHUKUMAR, V.T.ANTONY & INDIRABALACHANDRAN- J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. Vol. 37 No.1 (2013) ISSN: 2050-9768-
ABSTRACT: Premna scandens Roxb., a scandent shrub in Verbenaceae, is reported for the first time for South India from Malabar Wildlife Sanctuary of the southern Western Ghats. A brief description along with colour plate of the species is provided.)
Very nice … Hearty congratulations !!
SK1120 18 MAY 2018 : 17 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (8)- around 600 kb each.
Location: Dharke, Naubise,Nepal
Date: 2 May 2018
Altitude: 2600 ft.
Habit : Wild
May be some species of Premna.
I think a species of Premna. I dont know the species
Must be Premna sp.
Pl. Check comparative images in efi.
Premna scandens Roxb. ???
Yes … I checked and suggested accordingly !
Does not matches with details at Premna scandens
Premna serratifolia L. ??
Did not find much information about habitat/elevation.
Enclosing some clips from book.
Does not matches with any species available so far in efi at Premna
Looks matching according to link below and the attachment.
Attachments (1) – Premna scandens.pdf – 1 Mb.
Enclosing reply sent by … for your perusal please:
The given photograph shows the specimen is P scandens