Solanum americanum ?;
Solanaceae fortnight 06 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Solanum americanum Mill.(= Solanum nigrum L), wild as well as cultivated under shrub, wondered by seeing it from
coastal area to 2300 m at Doddabetta, Nilgiris, immature fruits are fried and taken as a crispy side dish,
leaves are used as green. Fresh ripen fruits are eaten raw. Two varieties are found here, one with small scales
on the stem another nearly smooth.
Thanks, … But Solanum americanum & Solanum nigrum are different.
As I searched for information on Indian Solanaceae for the past two days I came across a number of articles and papers. I didn’t understand much of the content though.
I copy the following words from an article found in http://www.banglajol.info/index.php/BJPT/article/view/931
“Working on the S. nigrum complex of the Indian subcontinent, Schilling and Anderson (1990), on the basis of chromosome number as well as some other morphological characters, recognized three distinct species, viz. (i) S. americanum Mill., 2n = 2x = 24 (inflorescence umbellate, fruits shiny purple-black with reflexed sepals), (ii) S. villosum Mill., 2n = 4x = 48 (fruits very distinctive orange, orange-brown or reddishorange), and (iii) S. nigrum L., 2n = 6x = 72 (inflorescence racemiform, fruits dull purple-black with sepals adhering to the fruits).”
The KEY and description is available at – http://www.bioversityinternational.org/index.php?id=244&tx_news_pi1[news]=321&cHash=63cf21f6fb21f93a280b4a9bb8267276
I do not know if more recent papers negate the above claims.
Thank you very much for your information.