Hypolytrum nemorum (Vahl) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 233 1825. (syn: Albikia schoenoides J.Presl & C.Presl; Albikia scirpoides J.Presl & C.Presl; Ficinia anomala (Retz.) Steud.; Hypaelyptum nemorum (Vahl) P.Beauv.; Hypolytrum amplectens J.V.Suringar; Hypolytrum anomalum (Retz.) Domin [Illegitimate] .; Hypolytrum costato-nux C.B.Clarke; Hypolytrum depauperatum (Ohwi) Ohwi & T.Koyama; Hypolytrum diandrum (Roxb.) A.Dietr.; Hypolytrum ensifolium Willd. ex Kunth; Hypolytrum formosanum Ohwi; Hypolytrum giganteum Wall. ex Nees; Hypolytrum latifolium Rich. ex Pers. …; Hypolytrum microcarpum S.T.Blake; Hypolytrum minus Ridl.; Hypolytrum myrianthum Miq.; Hypolytrum penangense C.B.Clarke; Hypolytrum philippense C.B.Clarke; Hypolytrum quadriglumatum J.V.Suringar; Hypolytrum scabrum Uittien; Hypolytrum schoenoides (C.Presl) Nees; Hypolytrum scirpoides (C.Presl) Merr.; Hypolytrum trinervium Kunth; Hypolytrum viridinux C.B.ClarkeHypolytrum wightianum Boeckeler; Schoenus nemorum Vahl; Scirpus anomalus Retz.; Tunga diandra Roxb.);
Trop. & Subtrop. Asia to W. Pacific (as per WCSP)

Erect, rhizomatous perennials, 60-110 cm tall; rhizome woody, short; culms triquetrous. Leaves basal and 1-3 upper on the culm, 60-95 x 1-2 cm, broadly linear, margins scabrid, apex acute, flattish-plicate, subcoriaceous, midnerve scabrid beneath; sheaths to 6 cm long, mouth truncate. Inflorescence terminal corymbose-panicle, compound to decompound, 3.5-6 cm tall, 4-7 cm across; bracts 2-3, leaf-like, lowest much exceeding the inflorescence. Spikelets 4-6 x 3-4 mm, globose to ellipsoidal. Glumes spiral, 2-2.5 x 1.5-2 mm, ovate-orbicular, obtuse, membranous, light brown. Hypogynous scales 2, hyaline, c. 1 mm long. Stamens 2. Style short; stigmas 2. Nuts 2-3 x 1.5-2 mm, broadly ovate, broadest at slightly below the middle, yellowish-brown.

Flowering and fruiting: Throughout the year
In all forest types, also in the plains
Indo-Malesia to Fiji and China
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi


ANAPR16 Cyperaceae for identification : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)

Family: Cyperaceae
Date: March 2015
Place: Aralam WLS, Kerala

Habit: Herb

It looks like Hypolytrum nemorum

ID 2 : 14 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)- 5 Mb.
Please identify this herb from Kannur District of Kerala. Leaf midrib underside is slightly spinous..

please see my comment in your id 1 thread

Any idea about the family or genus ?


I do not think so.

Cyperaceae family

Family is Cyperaceae.The genus may be Carex.

Now the same plant has grown further with large sized inflorescence. Hope the identification could be easier…
Attachments (1)

This one is Hypolytrum nemorum (Vahl) Spreng.

The same plant with opened flowers. Hope identity is easy now.
Attachments (1)

It is Hypolytrum nemorum (Vahl) Spreng.


212 ID wild plant grass: 25 images.

Please ID wild plant,
Location: near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, (Kochi) Kerala PIN:686671
Altitude: 1400fsl
Flower date: 01.12.2021, 04.35pm
Habitat: wild sloppy moisture land, no sunlight or filtered sunlight
Plant habit: giant grass, erect, semi hard stem 05mm diameter, perennial
Height: 03.5 feet
Leaves: alternate, lengthy 03 feet or less, apex, breadth:15mm or less, sharp margins may be skin cut if wiped
Flower: pyramidal racemose, clustered, diameter:06mm, white, good fragrance
Fruit: globular, clustered, green into brown, diameter:0.5mm
Seed: brown, single, globular, diameter:0.5mm
Camera: mobile Samsung Galaxy A21s

Is there some mix up in the flowering stem and only vegetative part?

No mix up dear …

Image#….3516 in 1st post is of peduncle and flower buds before blooming.  #…2858 & #…3019 in 5th post are of fruits/seeds images.

I send later the images of whole plant with flowers for a clear view,

Sharing more images.

Probably Juncaceae. Check Luzula nivea or Luzula indica

Does not seem to match with either of these as per POWO specimens:
Also does not match with another species listed in FoPI:
Luzula campestris

Hypolytrum nemorum ?

yes it is Hypolytrum nemorum, thank you very much for ID my plant,  sharing an image,