Bambusa balcooa Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832 2: 196 1832. (syn: Arundarbor balcooa (Roxb.) Kuntze; Bambusa capensis Rupr.; Bambusa vulgaris Nees [Illegitimate]; Dendrocalamus balcooa Voigt);
Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China: Assam, Bangladesh, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Vietnam; Introduced into: Cape Provinces, East Himalaya, Gulf of Guinea Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Provinces, Trinidad-Tobago as per POWO;
Common name: Balcooa Bamboo • Assamese: Bhaluka • Bengali: Balku bans, Boro bans • Garo: Wamnah, Beru • Tamil: Barak

Bambusa balcooa or the Balcooa Bamboo is a clumping bamboo native to Indochina and the Indian Subcontinent.[1] It is popular with the Vietnamese as food, and can be used as a short life timber for temporary constructions.
Bamboo can be of the “clumping” (sympodial) type, or the “running” (monopodial) type. The clumping bamboos, such as those in the Bambusa genus, create new plants by growing new shoots very near the base of existing plants, as opposed to the “running” types like those found in the Phyllostachys family which can often send “runners” or rhizomes out several meters before sprouting a new shoot. This makes the clumping variety become more dense over time, as it doesn’t spread out very much. While the running types are generally considered invasive and difficult to confine and maintain, the clumping types like Bambusa balcooa require very little effort to contain to a specific area. It can grow up to a height of 25 m, and a thickness of 15 cm.[2]
Bambusa balcooa has recently gained popularity in South Africa as the species of choice for commercial plantations. Although not native to this country, it is the most prominent ‘giant’ bamboo that has naturalized to local climate.
(From Wikipedia on 28.6.15)

june15sk19/24 — Bambusa balcooa Roxb.? : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
Photographed on 07-06-2015, a common species here.

Bambusa balcooa Roxb., the commonest bamboo species in Hooghly.
Attachments (10)


june15sk32/37 — Bambusa balcooa Roxb. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (16)
Another population from another village., can be confused with B. bambos for its spine like branches.



Bamboo for ID : Oman : 150712 : AK-3:
Seen in one of the plant nurseries in Muscat.
A cultivated, garden plant.
Pictures taken on 6/7/12.

I think this is Bambusa vulgaris

Bambusa vulgaris will have falcate auricles on both sides of the line separating the culm sheath and culm sheath lamina.
This one is Bambusa balcooa. It does not have such auricles and the shoulders are unequal on both sides.


Bamboo for ID : Borgad Conservation Reserve : Nasik : 20NOV21 : AK – 017: 3 images.
A bamboo seen growing wild at Borgad.

Bambusa balcooa