Hygrophila heinei Sreem., Bull. Bot. Surv. India 10: 223 1969. (syn: Cardanthera uliginosa Buch.-Ham.; Hygrophila pseudopolysperma E.Hossain (Unresolved); Ruellia uliginosa L.f. (Unresolved); Synnema uliginosum Kuntze (Unresolved));
This species is endemic to India. It is distributed in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Sikkim and Tamil Nadu; probably endemic to Indian subcontinent (Cook 1996). There are also representative specimens from Kerala are available at Madras Herbarium. Its presence is Sri Lanka has been quoted, however it is not present in this country (Dinesh Albertson pers. comm. 2010)
In shallow water, in swamps and rice fields and also reported from sugarcane fields (Cook 1996).
This species is threatened by habitat loss due to wetland encroachment and habitat conversion.
Acanthaceae herb for identification :: 240215 :: MK002 : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Please help in identifying this small herb found on fallow land after paddy harvest.
Lower leaves with toothed-margin; plant unarmed
Height: 1 feet
Habitat: fallow land
Alt.: 3 m asl (near coast)
Date: 19 Feb 2015
Place: outskirts of Vedaranyam, Nagapattinam dist., TN
It may be Hygrophila balsamica (L.f) Raf (= Cardanthera balsamica (L. f.) Benth ex C B Clarke)
It is Hygrophila balsamica (L.f) Raf (= Cardanthera balsamica (L. f.) Benth ex C B Clarke) only.
Thank you sir, just read from google that this is a good aquarium plant, because the lower leaves gets dissected when submersed.
Does not seem to match with images of Hygrophila balsamica Raf. at efi thread: Identification of Plant specimen
Thanks, … for pointing out.
This is Hygrophila heinei Sreemadh. (Acanthaceae). It is very commonly seen in the wetlands of Tanjavur, Nagapattinam and Tirunelveli districts.