Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Carv.Vasc. & Franco, Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 41: 25 1967. (syn: Lepidotis cernua (L.) P.Beauv.; Lycopodiella cernua (L.) Pic.Serm.; Lycopodiella cernua var. caboverdeana (Gilli) O.Eriksson, A.Hansen
& Sunding; Lycopodiella cernua var. sikkimensis (Müll.Hal.) Panigrahi &
Sarn.Singh; Lycopodium boryanum A.Rich.; Lycopodium brevibracteatum Alderw.; Lycopodium capillaceum (Spring) Hieron.; Lycopodium cernuum L.; Lycopodium cernuum var. boryanum A.Rich.; Lycopodium cernuum var. caboverdeanum Gilli; Lycopodium cernuum var. capillaceum Spring; Lycopodium cernuum var. marianum (Willd.) Bak.; Lycopodium cernuum var. panamense Wercklé ex Nessel; Lycopodium cernuum var. seychellarum Nessel; Lycopodium cernuum f. sikkimense (C.Müller) H.S.Kung; Lycopodium cernuum var. sikkimense (Müll.Berol.) C.B.Cl.; Lycopodium cernuum var. vulcanicum (Bl.) Herter; Lycopodium cernuum var. watsonianum Herter ex Nessel; Lycopodium cymosum (Fée) L’Herm. ex Hieron.; Lycopodium dichotomum Blanco (ambiguous synonym); Lycopodium ericinum Cesati; Lycopodium heeschii Müll.Hal.; Lycopodium hupeanum K.Mueller; Lycopodium marianum Willd.; Lycopodium moritzii Müll.Hal.; Lycopodium polycephalum Col.; Lycopodium secundum Müll.Hal.; Lycopodium sikkimense Müll.Hal. (ambiguous synonym); Lycopodium veneris Herter; Lycopodium vulcanicum Bl.; Palhinhaea brevibracteata (Alderw.) Holub; Palhinhaea capillacea (Spring) Holub; Palhinhaea cernua f. ciliatomarginata W.M.Chu; Palhinhaea cernua f. ciliatomarginata W.M.Chu; Palhinhaea cernua var. sikkimensis (Müll.Hal.) Ching; Palhinhaea cernua f. sikkimensis (Müll.Hal.) H.S.Kung; Palhinhaea mariana (Willd.) Holub; Palhinhaea polycephala (Col.) Holub);     
     
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(Bougainville, Choiseul, Gizo, Guadalcanal, Santa Ysabel, Kolombangara, Makira,
Rendova, Vangunu, Malaita, New Georgia, Nggatokae), Australia (N-Western
Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales), New Zealand (North
Isl., South Isl.), Kermadec Isl., Tonga (‘Eua, Tongatapu, Late Isl., Kao,
Vava’u), Austral Isl. (Rapa Iti, Rurutu, Tubuai), Marquesas Isl. (Nuku Hiva, Ua
Huka, Ua Pou, Hiva Oa, Tahuata, Fatu Hiva), Society Isl. (Tahiti, Moorea),
Western Samoa (Upolu), American Samoa (Tutuila, Ta’u), Southern Marianas
(Saipan, Rota Isl., Guam), Northern Marianas (Pagan, Alamagan), Fiji (Viti Levu,
Ovalau), Rotuma Isl., Palau Isl. (Babeldoab, Koror, Nagarakabesang, Aulupse’el,
Peliliu), Micronesia (Yap, Truk, Moen, Dublon, Fefan, Pohnpei, Kosrae), Wallis
& Futuna (Futuna Isl.), Norfolk Isl., Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai,
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Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz), N-Brazil (Para, Amazonas), NE-Brazil
(Ceara, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas, Sergipe), WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goias,
Distrito Federal), SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Sao Paulo, Rio de
Janeiro), Argentina (Corrientes, Entre Rios, Misiones), S-Brazil (Parana),
Paraguay (Caazapa, Canindeyu, Cordillera, Guaira), Uruguay (Rivera, Tacuarembo),
Trinidad, Tobago, St. Kitts, Montserrat, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, St.
Lucia, St. Vincent, Grenada, Barbados, Nevis, Venezuela (Amazonas, Apure,
Aragua, Barinas, Bolivar, Cojedes, Distrito Federal, Falcon, Merida, Miranda,
Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Zulia), Guyana,
Surinam, French Guiana, U.S. Virgin Isl. (St. John, St. Thomas, Tortola), USA
(S-Alabama, SW-Arkansas, Florida, S-Georgia, Louisiana, S-Mississippi, ?South
Carolina, E-Texas), Sicily (I), +Lebanon (I), +Syria (I)
as per Catalogue of Life;

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ANJUN03 Lycopodium sp. for identification : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)

Family: Lycopodiaceae
Date: 23rd June 2016
Place: Chikamagalur, Karnataka
Habit: Herb
Habitat: Grasslands at around 1300m.


Please check for Lycopodium cernuum


Thank you sir. I did check, however I am not sure yet of the ID as I am not familiar with pteridophytes!


Yes, sorry I didn’t say anything with this one as it is well known.  The images are excellent, actually. It is Palhinhaea cernua (syn.: Lycopodiella cernua)- occurs throughout India and makes these very attractive miniature Christmas trees! But seems extraordinarily difficult to transplant and grow- I never succeeded to cultivate it after many tries. It is known to have a mycorrhizal association, in the rhizoids, but as it is so common and widespread it seems odd that the mycorrhiza are not present in gardens too- yet apparently everywhere on path-banks, especially in red-clay soil areas.
     It varies in hairiness, the type having hairs between the leaves on the main stems- but non hairy ones, like this one, also occur in both north and south, and are commoner in China. 


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Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Vasc. & Franco. SN23420a : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 4 mb. 

Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Vasc. & Franco. (= Lycopodium cernum L.)
A lower group fern found wild from Western Ghats Tamilnadu. It also used in indigenous medicine.

 

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