Matthiola chorassanica Bunge, Fl. Orient. 1: 151 1867. (syn: Matthiola flavida var. integrifolia (Kom.) O.E. Schulz; Matthiola integrifolia Kom.; Matthiola tenera Rech.f.);
Common name: Himalayan Stock

Perennial herbs, tomentose with eglandular forked trichomes, about 10-50 cm tall. Rootstocks slender, taproot. Stem erect, woody near the base, ascending, leafy, simple or branched from the caudex and above. Basal leaves simple, somewhat in rosulate, variable, oblanceolate-obovate to linear oblong-elliptic, about 1.5-5 x 0.5-2 cm across, base cuneate to shallow attenuate, margin entire to sinuately dentate, apex acute to subacute, petiole about 0.5-2.5 cm long, cauline leaves gradually smaller, upper ones becoming linear, base not auriculate, margin entire, dentate to pinnatisect, petiole short to subsessile. Inflorescence racemes, 3-15 flowered, up to 5-10 cm long in fruit, elongated in fruit, lax, ebracteate. Flowers bisexual, purplish maroon, brownish, greenish brown, pedicel erect, divaricate, stout, thinner than the fruit, ascending, about 2-10 mm long, sepals 4, linear oblong, inner lateral pair base saccate, about 8-12 x 1.2-1.5 mm across, petals 4, obovate-oblong to spathulate, margins entire, flat or rolled inwards circinately, apex obtuse, about 10-15 x 1.2-1.5 mm across, claw compressed, about 1 cm long. Stamens 6, tetradynamous, filaments not dilated near the base, lateral pair about 3-4 mm long, median pairs about 6-8 mm long, anthers linear-oblong, about 2.5 mm long. Ovary superior, bicarpellary, ovules 20-70. Fruit siliqua, dehiscent, linear cylindrical, terete, erect or slightly curved, latiseptate, 50-120 x 1.8-2.8 mm across, usually torulose, tomentose, valves with prominent midrib, replum rounded, septum complete, style obsolete or about 1 mm long, stigma conical, bilobed, with hornlike appendages. Seeds uniseriate, brown, compressed or flattened, ovate-ovoid, about 2-2.5 mm long, narrowly winged, about 0.5 mm long, minutely reticulate, not mucilaginous when soaked, cotyledons accumbent.

Rocky mountain slopes, altitude 1000-4000 m.
Asia: Afghanistan, China, India, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan; Jammu & Kashmir.
(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India.; Kailash, B. R., ATREE, Bangalore, India.; Royal Norwegian Embassy grants. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India. from India Biodiversity Portal)           

 

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Seen this Herb near Shanti stupa, Leh, ladakh. (Atitude: 11800 ft approx).
Date/Time: 22-06-2016 / 06:30pm..


A member of family Brassicaceae 


This plant has been identified as Matthiola chorassanica by Miroslav.
Thanks to Miroslav.




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