Himalaya to Taiwan as per WCSP;

Similar to E.eriostachya but leaves distinctly ovate, not more than 3cm long, narrowly attenuate at base but with petiole from 1/3 to equal in length to lamina; spikes cylindrical, with connate bracts overlapping and completely concealing calyces; corolla mauve or violet.

Fl. September-November
Roadsides and tracksides in Spruce and open Fir forest, among bamboo.

(Attributions- A.C.J Grierson & D.G Long. Flora of Bhutan. Published by RBGE and RGoB. 1999 from Bhutan Biodiversity Portal)






SK93SEP7-1016:ID : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)


Sharing some pictures for OD shot at Kharidhunga Nepal on 15 October 2011 at 8650 ft.

Please check Elsholtzia

Could it be Elsholtzia strobilifera???


Yes, I think this must come within E.strobilifera– none of the other 9 species of this genus recorded in ‘Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal’ seem to fit. records from 1900-4800m in Nepal.

Looks different from images of Elsholtzia strobilifera at http://flickriver-lb-1710691658.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com/photos/tags/elsholtzia/


Elsholtzia strobilifera(Benth.) Benth.

Nepali Names : बन बाबरी Ban Baawaari

Leaves are so leathery in your case compared to those in the link.
Leaf shape & pubescence (hairiness) is also different.

How can it be matching ?

I shall check once again in detail !

If the bracts overlap one above other and the bracts are cup shaped it is E strobilifera! From photos not able to find this character.


Elsholtzia strobilifera ATDEC2017/01 : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Elsholtzia strobilifera
Hatoo Peak (3400m)
Narkanda, Shimla
October 2017

Very nice pics …, I had not seen flowers so clearly earlier…thanks

Thank you, …, Hatoo is a very beautiful place. This year, I visited this place twice with my friends… from Panjab University and … from Forest Department. But missed the peak season June and August/ Early September. If you wish, we can plan this year to this place. It is one of the most cited places in Flora Simlensis by Col. College.

Thank you, … I got time after three months to visit efloraofindia. I was busy with my teaching assignments and also completed two books during this time.

That is wonderful, …

please help me to identify the following species
Species for Identification –
location – Deothachi, Mandi District, Himachal Pradesh  
Altitude- 2800-3200m
Date 12- August-2017

Please check Elsholtzia sp.

May be.

Sure Sir, it seems more close to Elsholtzia pilosa



i think, the following species is Elsholtzia strobilifera



I think no.
Pl. check images at



Checking theElsholtzia strobilifera on the flower of india, I think it seems more close to Elsholtzia strobilifera. The Elsholtzia strobilifera is identify by the …, Photographed at Hatu Peak, Narkanda, Himachal Pradesh. I am sendind the picture of the identified species from the site of Flower of India.



Thanks, … You seems to be right.

Thanks, for correcting me.



Elsholtzia sp ???? Tanay : 13 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)


Can you kindly help me to identify this plant? I hope this plant is some species of Elsholtzia sp from Lamiaceae. 

Date/Time- 28TH October 2009/ 01:00 P.M

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Lava, Sikkim

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-   Herbaceous

Height/Length- 2 ft [approx]

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- photo attached

Inflorescence Type/ Size- photo attached

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-photo attached


My guess E. ciliata, though not vey sure.


The inflorescence and the colour of the plant is not satisfying me when it comes to Elsholtzia ciliata. Sir kindly take the pain to identify this plant.

there is no report on the internet where E ciliata has such red leaves.

After going through the series of photographs and herberium now I dont think this plant from the genus Elsholtzia sp rather all the characters point me towards a plant whose morphological character is in toto with that of my plant. Hence i will like to suggest the name as………….


Perilla frutescens var.purpurascens (Hayata) H. W. Li, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 13: 350. 1991.

Sir kindly validate my identification .


… is a genius!!!!!

Thank you sir for validating my ID. I have seen many taxonomy teacher out here in colleges identify this plant as Elsholtzia sp.

Thanks I need to open an bank account to store this genius !!!! You are going to make me rich in fews days I hope.

Does not seem to match with images of Perilla frutescens var.purpurascens on net.

I am sorry, photograph is with so much light I could not see the inflorescence characters! 

After going through images of … at Elsholtzia strobilifera (Benth.) Benth., to me posted images also appear to be close to this species.

Yes, respected …
Although it appears to be close to Elsholtzia strobilifera, still it will be desirable to consult the loal FLORAs


  • The small spikes are reminiscent of Elsholtzia. Please help identify this.
  • Mcleodganj-Triund, HP 2500m 10-11 September 2016

    looks like Elsholtzia strobilifera

    Thank you once again!

  • Images of Elsholtzia strobilifera look different at
    In another thread, similar plant has been identified as E. pilosa
    Also looks close to images of this species at http://www.virboga.de/Elsholtzia_pilosa.htm

    It is Elsholtzia pilosa

    This is not E.strobilifera.  In this species the spike is one-sided with prominent bracts.
    It is not E.pilosa either. That species is “pilose” as the name suggests is covered with long soft hairs. It is only known from Kumaon to Bhutan (and on to China).  This is not an easy genus with a fair amount of confusion.
    Appears to be Elsholtzia densa to me; the flower spikes are dense +/- even.  Interestingly, this species is not in ‘Flora Simlensis’.  Stewart found it to be common in fields and hedgerows @ 2400-4200m in Kashmir.  It is found in Ladakh.  I recently named an image of this species posted from Ladakh and ones sent to me from Gansu in China (where it is utilised medicinally).  It is also found in Lahoul.

    I am not convinced about the information and records for this genus in ‘Flora of Lahaul-Spiti’.

    Thank you Chris for the explanation. I will keep it as Elsholtzia sp. (likely E. densa) for the moment.
    Since many of the species from my area are not easy to identify, I will be happy to collect as much evidence (photos) as possible. If we could come up with a short guide on what to photograph and what information to collect for a given species to aid identification, it would greatly help the non-experts in the field.

    Thanks, …
    To me leaves do not match as per images of Elsholtzia densa at the following:
    I still feel it is closer to Elsholtzia pilosa as per

    Good that you questioned this.  Always be confident to do so. Nobody should ever object to someone checking or even challenging an identification (or full scientific ‘determination’). I must admit to rather hastily deciding your plant was probably E.densa though I was not that sure – partly a matter of attempting to “fit it into existing species” recorded from your region. Progress has been made – see the very end.
    Elsholtzia is not any easy genus.  I am not that familiar with it yet.  I attach the pdf of the account of the genus in Flora of China just in case you do not have it (see attached) – which has more than 30 species to consider (though thankfully a majority are not found in India)!  Bear in mind that Chinese botanists have traditionally been what is known as “splitters” i.e. they are prone to sub-divide into species what British botanists (known as “clumpers”) tend to treat as varieties or subspecies at most.  This is not absolute and a rather sweeping generalisation.
    There are 10 species of Elsholtzia listed for Nepal.
    Stewart lists 5 perhaps 6 in his catalogue.
    I am in agreement with you that the plant you photographed does not remotely match the images taken by Professor Boufford of Harvard in SW China.  I would generally consider one can have a high degree of confidence in Boufford’s work. One must bear in mind that a species found all the way from the NW Himalaya to China is likely to vary.  I have seen images of e.g. Saussurea (a difficult genus) from the same region that Boufford photographed the Elsholtzia, named as species found in Ladakh which do not match the examples I have seen there.
    Looking properly at the images I named as E.densa from Ladakh the foliage does not come close to that of your plant!  I was not paying proper attention. It was a mistake to provisionally name your plant as E.densa.
    But what of your suggestion of E.pilosa, which I had originally dismissed – this has the complication of not having been recorded to the NW of what was Kumaon and according to FoC reddish flowers?
    So if your plant, which must be an Elsholtzia is not E.densa or E.pilosa nor E.strobilfera, then what is it? It is definitely not E.ciliata, E.fruticosa nor E.stachyodes.  That eliminates all the known possibilities.
    So let us return to your suggestion.  I don’t think your plants match particularly well the image you gave links to.  But it is does seem close to a photo taken in Uttarakhand @ 2000m thought to probably be E.pilosa, see: https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/indiantreepix/yqC1ZqgiSH0. Not that this is a guarantee your plant is this species.
    Your plant also comes close to: http://apps.kew.org/herbcat/getImage.do?imageBarcode=K000881687 – such a shame the Kew herbarium images are of such low resolution.  Not possible to zoom in and compare floral parts.
    However, there is also a specimen scanned in at Edinburgh, which provided you download as a full TIFF (this may take some time depending upon the speed of your computer) which will allow you to zoom in: http://elmer.rbge.org.uk/bgbase/vherb/bgbasevherb.php?cfg=bgbase/vherb/zoom.cfg&filename=E00275765.zip&queryRow=2.
    This is a big help except your photos do not show detail of the bracts, which can be seen on the dried specimen – albeit only the shape agreeing with the description of E.pilosa from the line drawing you gave a link to – one cannot see the ciliate margins.
    Unfortunately, one would still need to inspect the dried specimens with a hand lens (involving a visit to a herbarium that has a specimen of E.pilosa reliably named.  You can, in addition to taking more close-up images of the colony of your plant, using a hand lens (which I have recommended elsewhere) to inspect the bracts on the living specimens.
    Always remember, species are traditionally identified on the basis of characteristics which can be viewed (sometimes at x10 or x20 or higher magnification) not necessarily what can be viewed from a photo.
    Well done for looking more closely than I did – even though I am still not certain what it is.   Let me know what you think?
    Have you ever visited a herbarium? 
    Attachments (1) – elsholtzia of China.pdf

    The credit of this query goes to … who tirelessly keeps checking new sources, discrepancies in older messages and posts queries on doubtful IDs for explanations. Many thanks are due to him.
    Thank you very much for again taking the time to explain this. We had only kept this provisionally as E. densa. I will hopefully be able to look at the bracts and shed more light on the subject.

    Till then we could leave it as Elsholtzia species.

    Thanks for clarifying this. Yes it is impressive the professional efforts he puts in and lengths he goes to check nomenclature and latest taxonomic treatments – something I am not always good at just as proof-reading is not my forte!

Elsholtzia strobilifera (Benth.) Benth. : 6 posts by 1 author. 5 images- 6 to 7 mb each.
Location: Kathmandu Valley
Date:  October 2020 
Elevation: 2700m.
Habitat  : Wild

it is Elsholtzia strobelifera. Very beautiful pictures




Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *