Premna milleflora C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India 4: 576 1885. (syn: Gumira milleflora (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze);

Tree about 60-80 ft tall, trunk about 7 ft girth. Bark greenish grey, blaze light, dun mottled with evenly distributed coarse strands of dark brown. Branchlets subtere or obtusely quadrangular, young parts pubescent, glabrous when mature. Leaves simple opposite, ovate-lanceolate, ovate, 10-24 x 6-13 cm across, base rhomboid, cuneate, margins entire, apex acute or shallow acuminate, aromatic, coriaceous, dark green, sparsely pubescent on veins above, slightly paler, glaucous with shining yellowish glands, pubescent on veins beneath, lateral veins 8-11 on either side of the midvein, veins arcuate at margins impressed above and prominent beneath, petiole terete, canaliculated, pubescent, about 5-10 cm long, exstipulate. Inflorescence axillary or terminal, paniculate corymbs, divaricately branched, composed of 3-5 decussate opposite cymes, about 8-14 x 6-18 cm across, peduncles sparsely pubescent, flattened, about 3-7 cm long, bracts leaf-like, linear or subulate, about 1 cm long, Flowers numerous, bisexual, zygomorphic, pedicels about 1 mm long, calyx cupular, 5 toothed, 2 lipped, about 3 x 2 mm across, teeth acute, slightly pubescent outside, corolla infundibular, 4 lobed, 2 lipped, lobes subequal, upper lip entire, about 2 mm long, lower lip 3 lobed, glabrous outside, creamish white, corolla tube about 2 x 1 mm across, densely pubescent in the throat, stamens 4, didynamous, filaments glabrous, filiform, glabrous, about 2 mm long, anthers globose, 2 loculed, divaricate, ovary obovoid, about 1 mm across, style slender, filiform, stigma bi-lobed, Fruit drupaceous, globose, 2-3 mm in diameter, green and purplish black when ripe.

Forests along streams at an altitude below 1500 ft associated with Croton and Shorea species.
Local Distribution: Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland. Global Distribution: Asia: India.

(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India. Kailash, B. R., UAS & ATREE, Bangalore, India. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India from India Biodiversity Portal)                



MS Oct.2016/41 Premna milleflora : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)

Location : Lengpui, Mizoram
Altitude : 300 – 800 m.
Date : 04-06-2014 (fls.) &
          23-07-2014 (young fruits)
Habit : Small to middle-sized deciduous tree
Hbitat : Wild
Notes : Heartwood used for house post & tender leaves are eaten cooked as a vegetable.
Mizo name : Vawng-thla

Thanks, …, for the complete set.




Premna ? for ID (Verbenaceae) : 10 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2 + 3 + 2 + 1).
Location : Lengpui, Mizoram. Altitude : ca. 400 m. Date : 04-06-2014.

Habit : small to middle-sized tree.
Heartwood durable, not eaten by termites, used for post. It grows wild.

Looks like the medicinal plant Agnimandha (Premna integrifolia) to me.

efi page on Premna serratifolia (syn. Premna integrifolia)

I think this is Premna latifolia

following are the characters of Premna serrattifolia. Please check it. Photos looks like Premna serratifolia. collected from our places also.

Large shrubs or small trees, ca. 5.5 m high; branches obtusely 4-angular, pubescent, glabrous when mature, lenticellate; internodes 3.5-5.5 cm long; leaf-scars prominent. Leaves ovate-oblanceolate, elliptic-ovate to oblong, cuneate to obtuse at base, entire or faintly serrate crenate-serrate along margins. Obtuse 3-10 x 1.5-8.5 cm, short-acuminate at apex, subcoriaceous, fleshy when fresh, dark green on both surfaces, sometimes paler beneath, pubescent on nerves; lateral nerves 3-5 pairs, prominent; petioles ca. 2.5 cm long, stout. Corymbs 7.5-11 x 10-13 cm, terminal to main branches only, 3-5 cymes, pubescent; peduncles 2.0-6.5 cm long, obtusely 4-angular, pubescent; bracts ca. 2.5×0.5 mm lanceolate. Flowers foetid; pedicels ca. 0.4 mm long. Calyx ca. 3×2.5 mm, campanulate, bi-lipped, 5-lobed Corolla infundibular, bi-lipped, 4-lobed, cream-coloured, upper lip ca. 3×2 mm, suborbicular, obtuse, lower lip 3-lobed; corlla tube ca. 2×2 mm, cylindric, glabrous outside, densely villous at throat. Stamens 4, didynamous; filaments filiform, 2-3 mm long, exserted; anthers subglobose, ca. 0.5 mm across. Ovary ca. 0.4×0.4 mm, obovoid; style 3.5-4 mm long, slender; stigma bi-lobed; lobes equal. Drupes ca. 5×4 mm, obovoid or subglobose.



Premna sp. Attachments (3)



Leaves of Seedlings of same tree (Premna). Attachments (2)

another leaves of same sp. of seedlings. Attachments (1)

Please, note the thread

Premna milleflora C.B.Clarke as per another thread: Premna sp.(Verbenaceae) for ID

According to identification of BSI, Shillong, it is Premna milleflora.



Premna sp.(Verbenaceae) for ID : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4 + 3).
Location : Lengpui, Mizoram. Altitude : 400 – 900 m. Date : 12-06-2014.
Habit : Middle-sized deciduous tree. Wood scented, durable for post.
Habitat : It grows wild in the secondary forest, etc.
Note : Leaves are eaten cooked with meats. Heartwood used for house post. Premna sp. ?

Flora Indica informs –

Premna latifolia Roxb. : – bark ash-coloured / corymbs axillary and terminal, compound/ wood is white, used for various economical purpose / leaves have pretty strong agreeable smell and used in curry. But, FBI informs leaves have 7 pairs of nerves.
Premna longifolia Roxb. : distrib. Bengal / bark ash to greenish brown / petiole 2 to 3 inches / corymbs terminal, large / smell agreeable. Nerves 6 pairs (FBI)
Premna integrifolia L. : it is connected with with several citations / sometimes thorny / upper half of leaf margin sometimes bears teeth / nerves 4 to 5 pair / leaves edible (KEW). Flora Indica informs (P. serratifolia) “the whole plant has a heavy unpleasant smell”.
I think your plant is one of the above three.

The options in my mail, referred here, was for the post at efi thread. I hope this post and the one linked above are same. Out of the three species I gave a short account on I would say that this tree is Premna serratifolia L.

It is quite confusing!!! The “Vawngthla .JPG” in efi thread is same as “Leaves.JPG” in the thread. 

Try to identify the plant with flower characters.
I am sending you characters of certain selected species of Premna found in our area.
so you please make sure that which characters(floral) resembles with your

specimen. see the attached word format.
Attachments (1)-  premna different species.docx



Unripe fruits of Premna sp. (leaves of seedling/copyshoots are serrated?

Without calyx character it is hard to decide, I think it is Premna integrifolia L.

It is Premna milleflora C.B.Clarke




Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  WCSP  IPNI
 GBIF (with type specimen) India Biodiversity Portal  IBIS Flora  Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)

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