Pinus pinea L., Sp. Pl. 1000 1753. (Syn: Apinus pinea (L.) Neck. ex Rydb.; Apinus pinea (L.) Neck.; Pinea esculenta Opiz [Illegitimate]; Pinus africana K.Koch [Invalid]; Pinus aracanensis Knight ex Gordon [Invalid]; Pinus arctica Carrière [Invalid]; Pinus esculenta Opiz; Pinus fastuosa Salisb. [Illegitimate]; Pinus fragilis Carrière [Invalid]; Pinus maderiensis Ten.; Pinus pinea var. maderiensis (Ten.) Carrière; Pinus sativa Garsault [Invalid]);
S. Europe to Lebanon as per WCSP;
The stone pine, with the botanical name Pinus pinea, is also called the Italian stone pine, umbrella pine and parasol pine. It is a tree from the pine family (Pinaceae). The tree is native to the Mediterranean region, occurring in Southern Europe, Israel, Lebanon and Syria. It is also naturalized in North Africa, the Canary Islands, South Africa and New South Wales. The species was introduced into North Africa millennia ago, such a long time that it is essentially indistinguishable from being native.
Stone pines have been used and cultivated for their edible pine nuts since prehistoric times. They are widespread in horticultural cultivation as ornamental trees, planted in gardens and parks around the world. This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society‘s Award of Garden Merit.
The stone pine is a coniferous evergreen tree that can exceed 25 metres (82 ft) in height, but 12–20 metres (39–66 ft) is more typical. In youth, it is a bushy globe, in mid-age an umbrella canopy on a thick trunk, and, in maturity, a broad and flat crown over 8 metres (26 ft) in width. The bark is thick, red-brown and deeply fissured into broad vertical plates.
The flexible mid-green leaves are needle-like, in bundles of two, and are 10–20 centimetres (3.9–7.9 in) long (exceptionally up to 30 centimetres (12 in)). Young trees up to 5–10 years old bear juvenile leaves, which are very different, single (not paired), 2–4 centimetres (0.79–1.57 in) long, glaucous blue-green; the adult leaves appear mixed with juvenile leaves from the fourth or fifth year on, replacing it fully by around the tenth year. Juvenile leaves are also produced in regrowth following injury, such as a broken shoot, on older trees
The cones are broad, ovoid, 8–15 centimetres (3.1–5.9 in) long, and take 36 months to mature, longer than any other pine. The seeds (pine nuts, piñones, pinhões, pinoli, or pignons) are large, 2 centimetres (0.79 in) long, and pale brown with a powdery black coating that rubs off easily, and have a rudimentary 4–8 millimetres (0.16–0.31 in) wing that falls off very easily. The wing is ineffective for wind dispersal, and the seeds are animal-dispersed, originally mainly by the Iberian magpie, but in recent history, very largely by humans.
(from Wikipedia on 17.11.16)
This Pine species was everywhere in Rome around the Colosseum. Pics were clicked in May 2016.
Is this Pinus pinea?
Yes, Pinus pinea