Pisonia aculeata L., Sp. Pl. 1026 1753. (syn: Pallavia aculeata (L.) Vell.; Pisonia aculeata var. pedicellaris Griseb.; Pisonia acuminata Mart. ex J. A. Schmidt; Pisonia anisophylla Hassk.; Pisonia comosa Choisy ; Pisonia cordifolia Mart. ex J. A. Schmidt ; Pisonia crenulata J. A. Schmidt ; Pisonia darwinii Hemsl.; Pisonia elliptica J. A. Schmidt ; Pisonia florida Choisy ; Pisonia georgina Wall.; Pisonia grandifolia Standl.; Pisonia helleri Standl.; Pisonia heterophylla Choisy ; Pisonia laurifolia J. A. Schmidt ; Pisonia limonella Bl.; Pisonia loranthoides Kunth ; Pisonia minor Choisy ; Pisonia mitis L.; Pisonia monotaxadenia Wright apud Sauvalle; Pisonia pallavia Steud.; Pisonia pedicellaris Griseb. ex Sauvalle ; Pisonia platystemon Heimerl ex Warm.; Pisonia riedeliana Fischer ex Heimerl.; Pisonia sieberi Schltr.; Pisonia tellulata Huber ; Pisonia uniseriata C.Wright ex Sauvalle ; Pisonia villosa Poir.; Pisonia yagua-pinda Parodi ; Tragularia horrida koen. ex Roxb.);  
USA (Florida, Texas), Bahamas, Cayman Isl., Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto
Rico, Virgin Isl. (St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas), Lesser Antilles (Antigua,
Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Grenadines, Guadeloupe, Marie Galante, Martinique,
Montserrat, Nevis, Saba, St. Barthelemy, St. Eustatius, St. Kitts, St. Martin,
St. Vincent), Trinidad, Isla Margarita, Panama, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Costa
Rica, Belize, Peru, Ecuador, Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa, Misiones,
Salta, Santa Fe), S-Brazil (Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina), Paraguay
(Alto Paraguay, Alto Parana, Caazapa, Canindeyu, Cordillera, Guaira, Paraguari,
Pres. Hayes), Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, La Paz, Santa Cruz), Venezuela
(Amazonas, Aragua, Bolivar, Carabobo, Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara,
Miranda, Portuguesa, Sucre, Zulia), N-Brazil (Para), NE-Brazil (Pernambuco,
Bahia), WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul), SE-Brazil (Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro),
Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo,
Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro,
Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz,
Yucatan, Zacatecas), Colombia (Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Magdalena, Valle),
Australia (introduced) (Western Australia (introduced), Northern Territory
(introduced), Queensland (introduced), New South Wales (introduced)), Madagascar
(introduced), Mauritius (introduced), Seychelles (introduced), South Africa
(KwaZulu-Natal (introduced)), New Caledonia (introduced), Fiji (introduced),
peninsular Malaysia (introduced) (Perlis (introduced), Langkawi Isl.
(introduced)), Sri Lanka (introduced), India (introduced), Thailand
(introduced), Myanmar [Burma] (introduced),
Vietnam (introduced), Laos
(introduced), Sumatra (introduced), Java (introduced), Lesser Sunda Isl.
(introduced), N-Borneo (introduced), Philippines (introduced), Sulawesi
(introduced), SW-New Guinea (introduced), Taiwan (introduced), China
(introduced) (Hainan (introduced)), Tonga (introduced) (Tongatapu (introduced),
Tafahi (introduced)), Yemen (introduced) (W-Yemen (introduced)), Saudi Arabia
(introduced), Cape Verde Isl. (introduced) (Ilha de Sao Nicolau (introduced)),
Andamans (introduced), Nicobars (introduced), Maldives (introduced), Uganda
(introduced), Tanzania (introduced), S-Mozambique (introduced), Cameroon
(introduced), South Sudan (introduced), Benin (introduced)
as per Catalogue of Life;

Common name: Thorny Pisonia, Devil’s Claws, Pullback • Kannada: Ottu chedi • Malayalam: Karindhu, Kodimullaram • Tamil: Marukalli, Kodi kuttippadatthi, Selamaranjaan

Armed shrubs or small trees, spines axillary, recurved, branchlets adpressed, pubescent. Leaves opposite and alternate, to 8 x 4 cm, ovate, obtuse, base cuneate, chartaceous; petiole to 2 cm. Umbels axillary; peduncles to 2 cm, pubescent; bracteoles 1 mm, ovate, pubescent; perianth 4 mm across, funnel shaped, 10-lobed, alternately long and short; stamens 4-5-8, filaments 5 mm; ovary 0.5 mm, seated on a disc, 1-celled, one ovuled.

Flowering and fruiting: March-April
Semi-evergreen and dry deciduous forests
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal)


Submission of Pisonea aculeata : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Pisonia aculeata L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1026. 1753.
Ver.names: West Indian cock’s spur, prtickly climbing cock’s spur (Eng.); Peetarinchi, konki poda, pisangi, vasikarana podaపీతరించి, పిసంగి, కొంకిపొద, వశీకరణపొద (Tel.)
Family: Nyctaginaceae
Description: Large scandent, armed shrubs. Axillary spines hooked, 0.5cm long. Leaves alternate; subsessile; lamina 3-6 × 1.5-3cm, elliptic-ovate, base rounded, margin entire, apex emarginated, chartaceous. Flowers 3-4mm across, creamy-white, sessile, aggregated in dense axillary, compound, umbels; peduncle 3-7cm long. Perianth lobes 5, tube short, lobes triangular. Stamens 10, in 2 rows, much exerted.  Anthocarps 1-1.5 × 0.4-0.6cm, oblong, 5-angled, with 5 rows of 2 seriate, stipate viscid glands.
Habitat & location: It forms impenetrable bushes in hill side forests. Photographed at Udayagiri-Sitarampuram ghat road.



Shrub for id 05022010MK1 – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 18 posts by 8 authors. Attachments (5)
Kindly help to identify this shrub found on the bank of a stream in shade.
Location: satyamnagalam RF
Date: 20 Jan 2010

can it be Pisonia aculeata? pl che

Thank you very much sir. But this plant is not armed.

Thanks …. How about leaf & floral features? I still think that it is Pisonia. Let’s here from other members’ too.

The structure of the leaves do not match the pictures on the links provided by … Nor does the structure of the branches.
The branches in the links attached by …, are a bit hairy and the leaves are dull and not glossy like those in the pictures sent
by … This however is the observation of a novice.

Considering all your observations and going through previous comments. I hope the plant is ……………………………..Pisonia rotundata Grisebach

I guess it can be some Boerrhavia species. the flowers looks very much similar to Boerrhavia except the color.

any chance of getting fruits photo? so that the id can be confirmed.

It seems to be Pisonia rotundata.

Pisonia rotundata does not have distribution in India as per Catalogue of Life
To me appears close to images at Pisonia aculeata L.

Yes, to me it looks like Pisonea aculeata only, the leaf is slightly different from the specimen I collected

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