Litsea oleoides Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 175 1886. ;
Habit- Trees up to 30 m tall.
Trunk & Bark- Bark brownish, smooth.
Branches and Branchlets- Branchlets subterete, glabrous.
Leaves- Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; petiole 2-3.5 cm long, stout, canaliculate, glabrous; lamina 13.5-18 x 6-9.5 cm, elliptic to elliptic-obovate, apex acute or obtuse, base rounded-attenuate to acute, margin entire, glabrous, glaucous beneath, coriaceous; midrib slightly canaliculate; secondary nerves ca. 8 pairs, not prominent; tertiary nerves obscure; higher order nerves closely reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower- Flower in axillary racemes.
Fruit and Seed- Berry, depressed globose, 2 cm long, seated on short flattened fruiting perianth cup; seeds 1.
Canopy trees in evergreen forests, between 400 and 1400 m.
Endemic to the Western Ghats- South and Central Sahyadri.
(Attributions- B. R. Ramesh, N. Ayyappan, Pierre Grard, Juliana Prosperi, S. Aravajy, Jean Pierre Pascal, The Biotik Team, French Institute of Pondicherry. from India Biodiversity Portal)
Please help me in identifying this Lauraceae tree species found in an evergreen forests of Nilgiris. Could this be a Litsea sp.?
Date: 25 April 2016
Place: Pykara, Nilgiris, TN
Alt.: 2200 m asl
Can you send higher resolution pictures of the fruits as well as leaves? That would be helpful for identification.
As attached here … I have not observed any flowers during that season. Attachments (1)
It looks like Litsea oleoides,
Fruit of Litsea floribunda (Bl.) Gamble look different to me at http://www.biotik.org/india/species/l/litsflor/litsflor_10_en.html
We need more close up of plant parts such as underside of leaves, venation, phyllotaxy etc. Especially this complex part of Litsea nigrescens is difficult unless we have more details in the pictures.
This could be Litsea oleoides
The attached images are of – Litsea oleoides (Meisn.) Hook. f. (Lauraceae) = Tetranthera oleoides Meisn.
Distribution: Endemic to Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
For good images follow – https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Rajeev_Singh47/publications?category=data
See article – TYPIFICATION OF TEN SPECIES OF LITSEA LAM. (LAURACEAE) ENDEMIC TO INDIA, Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 22(2): 77-81, 2015.
thank you for posting the useful link with images of Litsea species.
Can you attach the article which you mentioned?
TYPIFICATION OF TEN SPECIES OF LITSEA LAM. (LAURACEAE)
ENDEMIC TO INDIA, Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 22(2): 77-81, 2015.
Thanks, … Pl. see the link below:
This paper deals with typification only. There is a paper by Robi Jose which provides a key to all the species of Litsea in South India which is very useful for practical purposes.
The Plant List Ver.1.1 (unresolved) IPNI