Viola philippica Cav., Icon. 6: 19 1800. (syn: Viola alisoviana Kiss; Viola alisoviana f. candida (Kitag.) Takenouchi; Viola alisoviana f. intermedia (Kitag.) Takenouchi; Viola edanoii W. Becker; Viola patrinii var. chinensis Gingins; Viola patrinii var. gmeliniana Miquel; Viola philippica f. candida (Kitag.) Kitag.; Viola philippica f. intermedia (Kitag.) Kitag.; Viola philippica subsp. malesica W. Becker; Viola philippica subsp. munda W. Becker; Viola philippica var. yunnanfuensis W. Becker);    

Perennial herb, about 3-15 cm tall. Roots rhizomatous, slender, articulated with many root hairs. Stem absent or acaulescent. Leaves simple, in rosette, accrescent after flowering, basal, ovate-lanceolate, triangular-hastate to orbicular, about 1-4 x 0.5-3 cm across, base truncate to shallow cordate, margin entire to shallow crenate serrate, apex acute to obtuse, glabrous above, sparsely pubescent on the veins or throughout beneath, stipules lanceolate-ovate, margin shortly dentate, apex acute, persistent, adnate to the petiole slightly above the middle, glaucous, about 5-10 mm long, petiole slender, slightly winged above, about 1-6 cm long. Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic, white, voilet or purplish, about 1-1.5 cm across, on long axillary pedicels, much longer than petioles, about 5-8 cm long, bi-bracteolate in the middle, sepals 5, subequal, ovate-lanceolate to oblong, base usually auriculate, margins scarious or ciliate, persistent, about 3-5 x 1-1.5 mm across, petals 5, subequal, oblong-ovate, erect or spreading, about 1.5 cm long, lateral ones slightly bearded, spurred basally, spur slightly curved downwards, about 3-5 mm long. Stamens 5, hypogynous, filaments short, anthers 2 loculed. Ovary superior, ovoid-globose, sessile, 3 carpellary, glabrous, ovules many placentae parietal, style geniculate at base, distally clavate, stigma triangularly lobed, beaked. Fruit capsule, tri-valved elastically, ellipsoid-oblong, glabrous, about 0.5-1 cm across. Seeds many.

Grasslands and forest edges, altitude 300-1800 m.
Asia: China, India: Manipur, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines; Eastern Asia.

(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India.; Kailash, B. R., ATREE, Bangalore, India.; Royal Norwegian Embassy grants. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India from India Biodiversity Portal)       




Viola philippica Cav. (accepted name) ??? : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

Location: AIBO, Beijing, China
Altitude: 100 ft.
Date: 23 October 2014

Yes V. philippica is accepted name