Lepidagathis spinosa Wight ex Nees, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 97 1832. (syn: Acanthus mucronatus Heyne ex C. B. Cl.; Barleria spinosa Wall.)?;
India (S-India) as per Catalogue of Life;
Herbs, straggling and procumbent, scarcely pubescent. Leaves opposite, 2-3.5 x 1-1.5 cm, lanceolate, entire, mucronate, pubescent on both surfaces; lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, spiny at the tip of the leaf; petiole 0.5-1.5 cm.. Inflorescence terminal or axillary clusters, a bunch contain 6-9 spikes, ca 2 x 0.5 cm, compact; bracts 0.3-0.4 x 0.1-0.2 cm, lanceolate, pointed, glandular with hirsute hairs on the surface; bracteoles membraneous, white coloured with brownish tip, acuminate 0.4- 0.5 x 0.1- 0.2 cm. Calyx 5, fused, one is slightly larger than the others, 0.5-0.7 x 0.2 cm, lanceolate, acuminate, glandular and hairy on the margin. Corolla bilipped, white with dark pubescent pink spots on the 3 lobes and small pink dots on the central lobe, glandular hairs on the corolla tube and the petal lobes. Stamens 4, didynamous 0.2 and 0.1 cm long, anther lobes ca. 0.1 cm. Fruit in an ellipsoidal capsule, glabrous pointed tip, ca. 0.4 x 0.2 cm; seeds 2 glabrous orbicular.
Flowering and fruiting: November-April
Southern Western Ghats (endemic)
Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal)
Lepadagathis spinosa : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)
Lepidagathis spinosa as seen on plateau near Zolambi at Chandoli.
Please confirm the species.
Seems close to images of Siddarth Jude Machado at http://indiabiodiversity.org/observation/show/1740641
But I am finding validation from anywhere else.
Pl. also check the description here (flower colour etc. looks different)
Plant illustration confuses the matter further:
How is it different from Lepidagathis cuspidata Nees ?
This should be Lepidagathis bandraensis Blatt. (Though this name is unresolved, interestingly there are no specimens in Botanical Survey of India even not in BSI Western Circle Pune too.
I believe the plantillustrations link is actually of Lepidagathis scariosa Nees.
I used Gamble’s key to ID the observation here http://indiabiodiversity.org/observation/show/1740641
According to Gamble’s Key, the attached images from Chandoli seem to be L. spinosa