Helicia robusta (Roxb.) R. Br. ex Wall. (Syn: Helicia castaneifolia Meissn.; Helicia cumingiana C.Presl; Helicia glabrata Meissn.; Helicia javanica Bl.; Helicia macrophylla Wall.; Helicia oligophlebia Merrill; Helicia philippinensis Meissn.; Helicia robusta (Roxb.) Bl. (ambiguous synonym); Helicia travancorica Bedd. ex Hook. fil.; Helittophyllum javanicum Bl.; Roupala glabrata Wall.; Roupala javanica Steud.; Roupala robusta Roxb.; Roupala serrata Reinw. ex Bl.; Roupala wallichii Steud.);
Java, Myanmar [Burma] (Mon), peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Kelantan, Trengganu, Pahan, Selangor, Melaka, Johor), +Singapore, India (S-India, E-Bengal, Assam, etc.), Sumatra (incl. Bangka, Belitung), Borneo, Philippines (Luzon, Catanduanes, Mindoro, Samar, Biliran, Leyte, Mindanao, Negros), Thailand, Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life ;

Small trees. Young shoot-buds pubescent without. Leaves 4-6 x 2-3.5 cm, elliptic-oblanceolate, slightly acuminate at apex, attenuate at base, dentate on margins, sparsely hairy above, glabrous below; veins ending in thickened glands at dentations; petioles 0.8-1 cm long, thickened at base. Flowers in short axillary or lateral racemes. Rachis 6-8 cm long. Bracts minute, linear, ciliate on margins. Flowers dense, usually 2 or more for each bract; pedicels of pairs fused, 0.4-0.5 cm long. Perianth tube slender, 1-1.3 cm long, splitting into 4-lobes in full length and recurved. Stamens 4, attached with a short filament to the lamina of the lobe; anthers c. 0.2 cm long, linear; connective produced to a short appendage. Ovary 1-celled, ovules 2; style as long as perianth tube; stigma linear, thick. Drupe globose, 1-1.5 cm diam., green, 1-2 seeded.

Flowering and fruiting: September-February
Evergreen forests
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal)