Phlegmariurus phlegmaria (L.) Holub, Preslia 36(1): 21 1964. (syn: Huperzia feejeensis (Luerss.) Holub; Huperzia phlegmaria (L.) Rothm.; Huperzia phlegmaria var. divaricatum Bl.; Huperzia phlegmaria var. tardieuae (Herter) Tard.; Huperzia simonii (Nessel) Holub; Huperzia tardieuae (Herter) Holub; Lepidotis phlegmaria (L.) P. Beauv.; Lycopodium filiforme Roxb.; Lycopodium horizontale var. submoniliforme Alderw.; Lycopodium phlegmaria L.; Lycopodium phlegmaria var. longibracteatum Domin; Lycopodium phlegmaria var. marchionicum E. Br.; Lycopodium phlegmarium var. feejeense Luerss.; Lycopodium transiens Alderw.; Lycopodium vrieseanum Spring; Phlegmariurus phlegmaria (L.) Sen & Sen (ambiguous synonym); Urostachys borneensis Herter; Urostachys feejeensis (Luerss.) Herter; Urostachys leonis Herter; Urostachys phlegmaria (L.) Herter ex Nessel; Urostachys simonii Nessel; Urostachys submoniliformis (Alderw) Herter; Urostachys tardieuae Herter; Urostachys transiens (Alderw.) Herter ex Nessel; Urostachys vrieseanus (Spring) Herter ex Nessel) as per Catalogue of Life;
Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Queensland: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Cameroon, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Japan, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Queensland, Réunion, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam as per POWO (Huperzia phlegmaria (L.) Rothm.);
Huperzia phlegmaria (L.) Rothm., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 54: 62 1944. (syn: Lepidotis phlegmaria (L.) P. Beauv.; Lycopodium phlegmaria L.; Phlegmariurus phlegmaria (L.) Holub; Phlegmariurus phlegmaria (L.) U. Sen & T. Sen; Urostachys phlegmaria (L.) Herter ex Nessel) as per The Plant List Ver. 1.1;
China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan), Taiwan, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, India (West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala, Darjeeling), Nepal, Bhutan, Andaman Isl., Nicobar Isl., peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Pahang, Johor), Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak, Mt. Kinabalu, etc.), Sri Lanka, Japan, Ryukyu Isl., Australia (E-Queensland), Christmas Isl. (Austr.)), Sumatra, Thailand, Philippines, Moluccas (Seram), Palawan, Sulawesi, New Guinea, Bismarck Arch., Solomon Isl. (Guadalcanal, Kolombangara, Malaita, New Georgia, Ranongga, Rendova, Santa Ysabel, Vangunu, Vella Lavella), Tonga (Late Isl., ‘Eua), Fiji, Rotuma Isl., Western Samoa (Aleipata Isl., Savaii, Upolu), Niue, Cook Isl. (Rarotonga), American Samoa (Manua Isl., Tutuila, Ta’u), Society Isl. (Tahiti), Marquesas Isl. (Nuku Hiva, Ua Pou, Hiva Oa, Fatu Hiva), Principe Isl., Sao Tomé, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Guinea, Liberia, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Principe Isl., Gabon, ?D.R.Congo (Zaire), Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo), Madagascar, La Réunion, ?Mauritius, +Rodrigues, Comores (Mayotte, etc.), Sierra Leone as per Catalogue of Life;
Huperzia phlegmaria (commonly known as either coarse tassel fern, or common tassel fern) is an epiphytic species of tassel fern native to rainforests in Madagascar, some islands in the Indian Ocean, Asia, Australasia and many Pacific Islands. Huperzia phlegmaria is commonly found in moist forests and rainforsests at high altitudes; in and amongst mosses and other epiphytes. Members of the order Lycopodiales are commonly referred to as clubmosses.
A vascular species of the phylum Lycopodiophyta, Huperzia phlegmaria resembles many species of moss. The specialised fluid conducting tissues of vascualr plants distinguish Lycophytes from the more basal Bryophytes (Mosses and Liverworts). The diploid sporophyte stage of the life cycle of Lycophytes is dominant. Sporophytes produce tetrahedral spores of 37 x 35μm, off-white in colour, with angles never exceeding 130°.
Huperzia phlegmaria is a variable species and plants from different regions can vary widely in stature. They can be identified by having petiolate sterile microphylls and small fertile microphylls on thin branching strobili.
Individuals of Huperzia phlegmaria have true root systems. Their elongated aerial stems hang from host trees (up to 80 cm long. The spirally arranged leaves are lanceolate (lance like), narrow and rounded at the base. They become even narrower at the extreme base, where the sporangia are located in the fertile zone of the stem. Leaves of Huperzia phlegmaria are coriaceous (resemble leather). The leaves differ in morphology in the fertile zone, making distinction between the zones easy. Leaves in the fertile zone are known as sporophylls. Sporophylls are club shaped – hence the common name “clubmoss”. Homosporous spores are produced in axils.
Huperzia phlegmaria is native to east, west and south tropical Africa (in Cameroon; Comoros; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Ghana; Madagascar; Malawi; São Tomé & Príncipe; Sierra Leone; Tanzania (including the Zanzibar Archipelago); and Uganda); temperate and tropical Asia (in the Chinese provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan; the southern Japanese prefecture of Kyushu, and the Ryukyu Islands; Malaysia; Sri Lanka; Taiwan; and Thailand); Australasia (in the northeast of Queensland in Australia; and New Zealand); and the northwest and southwest Pacific (in Fiji; Guam; and the Chuuk island group of Micronesia). It is likely native, but yet to be reported, in other paleotropic locales.
(from Wikipedia on 4.10.17)
SK758 26 SEP-2017:ID : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)- around 800 kb each.
Location : Pokhara, Nepal
Date : 8 August 2017
Elevation : 2600 ft.
Thank you for the ID …!
Lycopodium of Indonesia : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)- 1 MB.
Huperzia phlegmaria ???
I agree with …
Yes, definitely Huperzia phlegmaria.
The two blind tailors of PPG -1 preferred Phlegmariurus phlegmaria, but that clado-genus has no recognisable characters or distinction and I certainly don’t follow it any more that the rest of their appalling failure of a classification!