Galium ghilanicum Stapf, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 53 1885. (syn: Galium chitralensis Nazim.; Galium parisiense var. brachypodum Boiss.; Galium transcaucasicum Stapf);
S. Turkey to C. Asia and C. Himalaya as per WCSP;
Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Kirgizstan; Lebanon-Syria; Nepal; Pakistan;
Tadzhikistan; Transcaucasus; Turkey; West Himalaya; Xinjiang as per Catalogue of Life;
Galium ghilanicum from Kashmir, new for out database-GS290618 : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Galium ghilanicum Stapf, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 53. 1886.
Syn: Galium parisiense Linnaeus var. brachypodum Boissier
Annual herb stems numerous ascending from the base, 6-15 cm long, minutely retrorsely scarbid. Leaves in whorls of 6-8, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, 6-11 mm long, single nerved, antrorsely scarbid on the margins and midrib beneath. Cymes axillary on 1l-18 mm long peduncles, 2-4 flowered. Pedicels : 1.5-3 mm long, slightly elongated in fruit , 0.12-0.15 mm thick, slightly recurved in fruiting. Flowers yellowish white, 0.8-l mm across. Corolla lobes ovate, acute. Mericarps 1.2-1.5 mm long, reniform, granulate, glabrous, initially yellowish finally black.
The species was reported as new record for India in 1974 (Science and Culture Vol . 40, pp. 501- 502, December, 1974). It differs from related species G. tenuissimum in which peduncles are much longer, cymes up to 14-flowered, and pedicels up to 15 mm long; another similar species G. anglicum is similar to G. tenuissimum in appearance but flowers are smaller, tinged purple outside, smaller fruits.
Photographed from Kashmir University Campus on July 17, 2013.