Prunus cornuta (Wall. ex Royle) Steud., Nomenclator botanicus 1840 403 1841. (syn: Cerasus cornuta Wall.; Padus cornuta (Wall. ex Royle) Carr.; Padus cornuta var. glabra Fritsch ex Schneid.; Prunus cornuta Wall. (ambiguous synonym); Prunus glauciphylla S.C. Ghora & G. Panigrahi; Prunus pachyclada Zabel; Prunus racemosa Lam.; Prunus wattii S.C. Ghora & G. Panigrahi);
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Tibet (Cona Xian, Yadong Xian), Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan), Bhutan, N-India, Nepal, Sikkim, Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral), Pakistani Kashmir, Jammu & Kashmir as per Catalogue of Life;
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Deciduous tree distinct from species of Prunus (where formerly placed) in flowers being in racemes; leaves alternate, elliptic-oblong to elliptic-laneolate, up to 10 cm long with serrate margin, on 1-2 cm long petiole; flowers white in 7-15 cm long racemes, latter on short lateral branches bearing one to three leaves; pedicel 5-7 mm long; petals white, obovate, margin erose at tip; ovary glabrous often becoming curved when infected (hence the name cornuta); fruit an ovoid-globose drupe, 7-9 mm long, blackish-brown when ripe.
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New leaves are poisonous to cattle and cause death due to the presence of HCN. fruits are edible and the bear relishes it by climbing the tree and squeezing the branches off ripe fruits and eating the fruits. In the process many small branches get broken.
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Padus cornuta (Wall. ex Royle) Carrière from Kashmir: Padus cornuta (Wall. ex Royle) Carrière, Rev. Hort. 1869: 275, f. 64 275 1869.
Syn: Prunus cornuta (Wall. ex Royle) Steud.; Cerasus cornuta Wall. ex Royle
Common name: Himalayan bird cherry
Deciduous tree distinct from species of Prunus (where formerly placed) in flowers being in racemes; leaves alternate, elliptic-oblong to elliptic-laneolate, up to 10 cm long with serrate margin, on 1-2 cm long petiole; flowers white in 7-15 cm long racemes, latter on short lateral branches bearing one to three leaves; pedicel 5-7 mm long; petals white, obovate, margin erose at tip; ovary glabrous often becoming curved when infected (hence the name cornuta); fruit an ovoid-globose drupe, 7-9 mm long, blackish-brown when ripe.

Photographed from Gulmarg Kashmir.



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Tree from Uttarakhand : ID Requested. : 10 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Please help for id this.
Medium sized tree.
-In association with Quercus and Rhododendron sp.


Altitude (approximate) at which plant is photographed always help in correct identification for plants collected in the Himalaya; so mention it where ever known.
The tree here looks like Prunus cornuta (Rosaceae).
If you can, go through the information at following link to understand what type of photographs will be identified more easily (for future).

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Yes Prunus cornuta, Himalayan bird cherry tree


Present tree was collected ca. 2100 m asl as uncommon to Oak-mixed forest.


Yes it is common at this altitude


I will check it for P. cornuta.


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Please see the leaf base (not cordate) and Inflorescence (not drooping; it was erect).
2 images.

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Yes they are not necessarily cordate, and racemes ascending or drooping depends on the bearing branch. Here are mine from Kashmir
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Fascicles of Flora of India Fascicle-18 Rosaceae genus- Prunus mentions presence of two vars. of P.cornuta. The variety P.cornuta var. villosa is mentioned as having leaves with cuneate bases.


Sir, i am thankful to both of you.

I was not questioning your ID, rather i wanted to clear my doubt.

Now I am taking it as Prunus cornuta (Wallich ex Royle) Steudel (Rosaceae).



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ANJUN38/39 Rosaceae tree for identification (Churdhar Trip 38) : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)

Family: Rosaceae
Date: May 2015
Place: Churdhar Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh

Habit: Tree
Altitude: 2800 metres above sea level

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Quite possibly this is Prunus cornuta..

Sharing shots of flowers from the same area…

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Yes it is Prunus cornuta to me too.


Undoubtedly, it is Prunus cornutaWild Bird Cherry, Called asJaman, Jamni in erstwhile Mahasu Region.

New leaves are poisonous to cattle and cause death due to the presence of HCN. fruits are edible and the bear relishes it by climbing the tree and squeezing the branches off ripe fruits and eating the fruits. In the process many small branches get broken.



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Sharing some images of Prunus cornuta from the higher reaches of Churdhar.
The flower clusters are described as being “drooping” in Polunin-Stainton’s ‘Flowers of the Himalaya’ but that was far from the case in the trees here.

Photographed on 26 May 2015.


Yes … Very good photographs



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The tree in the picture below is Prunus cornuta, the ‘Birdcherry’, known locally as ‘Jamun’.


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Padus cornuta (Wall. ex Royle) Carrière, Rev. Hort. 1869: 275, f. 64 275 1869.

Syn: Prunus cornuta (Wall. ex Royle) Steud.; Cerasus cornuta Wall. ex Royle
Common name: Himalayan bird cherry
Deciduous tree distinct from species of Prunus (where formerly placed) in flowers being in racemes; leaves alternate, elliptic-oblong to elliptic-laneolate, up to 10 cm long with serrate margin, on 1-2 cm long petiole; flowers white in 7-15 cm long racemes, latter on short lateral branches bearing one to three leaves; pedicel 5-7 mm long; petals white, obovate, margin erose at tip; ovary glabrous often becoming curved when infected (hence the name cornuta); fruit an ovoid-globose drupe, 7-9 mm long, blackish-brown when ripe.

Photographed from Gulmarg Kashmir.



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Prunus cornuta

Photographed from near Chopta in Uttarakhand



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Rosaceae Fortnight: Prunus cornuta _Kashmir : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Prunus cornuta (synonym: Padus cornuta) from Kashmir

 


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Tree for ID, Dalhousie, Himachal Pradesh, NAW-JUL17-05 : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)

Kindly identify this medium sized tree with spherical green fruits, photographed by the roadside in Dalhousie, Himachal Pradesh in May 2017.

Fruits about 12 mm in diameter.

I couldnt clearly identify the nature of whitish twisted pod-like things seen in the second photograph centre-top. Are they flowers or buds? Other instances were seemingly more deformed but photographs have not come clear.


The attachment here resembles to Prunus cornutaWild Bird Cherry, commonly known as Jamni, Jaman in Hills. Bears (Bhalu) relishges thr fruits. We, human being also enjoy it for its special taste & aroma with staining of our mouth with bluish violet stain.


Thank you … Would the pod-like things in the second picture be infected fruits as mentioned on FOI?


Nice observation if it is correct.


Yes. this is certainly an insect gall. The leaves of this tree are infested with galls as they go on maturing till dehiscence.


 


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Fwd: Prunus cornuta AT/JAN2019/04 : 7 posts by 4 authors. 4 images- 739 kb, 1, 4 & 3 mb.
Prunus cornuta (Syn. Prunus padus)
Churdhar, District Sirmaur (H.P.)

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This one was again shot from Chakrata region, I am not sure if this same or different species of Casearia….

please provide id clues..


This does not appear to be Casearia as flowers are not in the axillary. 


It should be Padus cornuta (=Prunus cornuta)


Thank you very much … for this convincing identification..


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Prunus cornuta ?: Request for id: 3 images- 1 high res.
Please check the attached images. It seems Prunus cornuta for me, please have a look. April 2021, Tree.

Captured at Tungnath UK


I think you are right as per images and details at Prunus cornuta (Wall. ex Royle) Steud.



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References:

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