Holigarna caustica (Dennst.) Oken, Allg. Naturgesch. 3(3): 1776 1841. (syn: Hadestaphylum causticum Dennst.; Holigarna caustica (Dennst.) Roxb. ex Greshoff; Holigarna longifolia Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. (ambiguous synonym));


Myanmar [Burma] (widespread), India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura,
Maharashtra, Karnataka), Bangladesh
as per Catalogue of Life;
Common name: Long-Leaf Varnish Tree • Mizo: Katebel • Manipuri: ꯈꯦꯔꯥꯢ Kherai

Tall tree with white bark. Leaves are 1-2 ft long, very narrowly obovate or inverted-lanceshaped, long-pointed, thinly leathery, hairless, glaucous beneath, nerves 20-25 pairs. Leaf-stalk is very short and thick. Flowers are borne in large panicles which are finely velvet-hairy. Flowers are white, about 3 mm in diameter. Fruiting panicle is 1.5 ft long, with spreading decurved branches. Fruits are oblong.

Evergreen forests
India: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur; Myanmar and Bangladesh.
(Attributions- Compiled from secondary sources listed in references by Kishor Deka for the Assam Biodiversity Portal project India Biodiversity Portal)





Wild Tree Id from Bangladesh_SM_1439 : 13 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)


Location: Sangu Matamuri Wildlife Sanctuary, Bandarban
Picture taken: February, 2019



do you have habit and habitat pictures, trunk and bark


Only this image I have.

Attachments (1)




Might be Anacardiaceae family.


Pl. check comparative images at Anacardiaceae



Could not find any match as per comparative images in efi site at Anacardiaceae



This is Holigarna species of Anacardiaceae, there are spur like appendages are seen on the petiole- a characteristic feature; fruit also like that of Holigarna.

thank you for a new species




Can you tell us what are the species of Holigarna (as suggested by …) reported from your area or Bangladesh ?



Holigarna caustica (Dennst.)  ??



I think it is Holigarna longifolia and it is found in BD.

We have another species Drimycarpus racemosus (Synonym: Holigarna racemosa Roxb.)






ID No.16082011_ RD 2:  Please help me with identification of this tall tree in fruit.

Date/Time-29/05/2011- 09 AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Assam,

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild Type

Plant Habit- Tall Tree
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Elliptic-oblanceolate, 15-20x 6-10 cm

Inflorescence Type/ Size- Not seen

Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- as in photos

Daphniphyllum himalense (Benth.) Müll.Arg.

I think it looks somewhat different from Daphniphyllum himalayense (Benth.) Müll.Arg. as per images and details herein.

I think Holigarna caustica

Maybe, though I am not very sure as per GBIF specimens.


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