Morinda angustifolia Roxb. (Assam; Bangladesh; China South-Central; East Himalaya; Laos; Myanmar; Nepal; Thailand as per Catalogue of Life)

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Morinda citrifolia L. (Generally cultivated or wild in Coastal areas)

(Andaman Is.; Assam; Bahamas; Bangladesh; Belize; Bismarck Archipelago; Borneo; Cambodia; Caroline Is.; Cayman Is.; Chagos Archipelago; China Southeast; Christmas I.; Cocos (Keeling) Is.; Colombia; Cook Is.; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominican Republic; El Salvador; Fiji; Gilbert Is.; Guatemala; Hainan; Haiti; Hawaii; Honduras; India; Jamaica; Jawa; Kazan-retto; Laccadive Is.; Leeward Is.; Lesser Sunda Is.; Line Is.; Malaya; Maldives; Maluku; Marianas; Marquesas; Marshall Is.; Mexico Gulf; Mexico Southeast; Myanmar; Nansei-shoto; Nauru; Netherlands Antilles; New Caledonia; New Guinea; Nicaragua; Nicobar Is.; Niue; Northern Territory; Ogasawara-shoto; Panam; Philippines; Phoenix Is.; Puerto Rico; Queensland; Samoa; Santa Cruz Is.; Seychelles; Society Is.; Solomon Is.; South China Sea; Southwest Caribbean; Sri Lanka; Sulawesi; Sumatera; Taiwan; Thailand; Tokelau-Manihiki; Tonga; Trinidad-Tobago; Tuamotu; Tubuai Is.; Turks-Caicos Is.; Tuvalu; Vanuatu; Venezuelan Antilles; Vietnam; Wallis-Futuna Is.; Western Australia; Windward Is. as per Catalogue of Life)
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Morinda coreia Buch.-Ham. (Generally wild) (Bangladesh; Cambodia; India; Jawa; Laos; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life)

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Gynochthodes umbellata (L.) Razafim. & B. Bremer (Andaman Is.; Assam; Bangladesh; Bismarck Archipelago; Borneo; China South-Central; China Southeast; Hainan; India; Japan; Jawa; Malaya; Marianas; Nansei-shoto; New Guinea; Philippines; Queensland; Samoa; Solomon Is.; Sri Lanka; Sumatera; Taiwan; Thailand; Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life)

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From Floral Database of Tamilnadu :

Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Morinda citrifolia L. Tree Coastal Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Ramanatha puram
Morinda pubescens J.E. Smith var. pubescens syn. of Morinda coreia Tree Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 All districts
Morinda pubescens J.E. Smith var. stenophylla (Spreng.) Kumari Tree Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Thanjavur, Tirunelveli, Viluppuram  
Morinda pubescens J.E. Smith var. tomentosa Rathna Kumari & Naras. Tree Western Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests Rathna kumari, 1999 Coimbatore,  Kanniya kumari, Nilgiri, Tiruvanna malai  
Morinda reticulata Gamble syn. of Gynochthodes ridsdalei Razafim. & B.Bremer Shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Kanniya kumari  
Morinda umbellata L. = Gynochthodes umbellata Shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous to Moist Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Kanchee puram,  Namakkal, Nilgiri,  Salem, Thanjavur, Theni, Thiruvallur, Tiruchchira ppalli, Tirunelveli, Tiruvanna malai,  Vellore, Virudhu nagar

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Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Morinda citrifolia Rubiaceae Great Morinda
Morinda pubescens syn. of Morinda coreia Morinda tinctoria, Morinda tinctoria var. tomentosa Rubiaceae Indian Mulberry

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Noni: The Complete Guide for Consumers and Growers By Scot C. Nelson, Craig R. Elevitch (2006)- Details-
Morinda citrifolia
Morinda coreia (p. 41)


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An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys

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Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-
Morinda pubescens SM. syn. of Morinda coreia

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Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1995)- Details with keys
Morinda pubescens SM. syn. of Morinda coreia
Morinda umbellata L. = Gynochthodes umbellata


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Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- Details-
Morinda pubescens SM. syn. of Morinda coreia


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I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Morinda & Gynochthodes (‎Rubiaceae)

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


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Pl. go through Morinda & Gynochthodes (Rubiaceae) pages with images of species in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website) to indiantreepix@googlegroups.com, it will be really nice.


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