Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews, Bot. Repos. 6: t. 373 (1804). (syn: Paeonia arborea Donn; Paeonia chinensis Oken (ambiguous synonym); Paeonia decomposita Hand.-Mazz.; Paeonia decomposita subsp. decomposita; Paeonia decomposita subsp. rotundiloba D. Y. Hong; Paeonia fruticosa Dum. Cours.; Paeonia moutan Sims; Paeonia officinalis Thunb. (ambiguous synonym); Paeonia szechuanica W. P. Fang; Paeonia yunnanensis W. P. Fang);
China (Xinjiang, Yunnan), Japan (I), Korea (I), Bhutan (I), Chumbi, Vietnam (I) as per Catalogue of Life;
China (Henan); Widely cultivated with many ornamental cultivars (Moutan) as per WCSP;

Tree Peony seen in Srinagar.

Yes …

Thanks, … Similar plants were earlier identified as Paeonia officinalis (as per images herein) except for the last image, which appears to be woody.

I did not find mention of Paeonia officinalis in the eFloras site.
Both these are described in Flora of China as per
Are the herbaceous images by Aarti ji (except last one) and in efi site at Paeonia officinalis are of Paeonia lactiflora ?

Interestingly we knew about P. officinalis as popular herbaceous species for a long time, known as Common Garden paeony, and now Cottage Garden Paeony. In fact Bailey manual describes this only not P. lactiflora, the Chinese Paeony has become popular only recently and has overtaken P. officinalis in most gardens, that is why most P. officinalis get marked as lactiflora. Original P. lactiflora used in Chinese medicine had white flowers but now all colours, single and double have been developed. Here is how both can be differentiated:

Paeonia officinalis: Flowers mostly in may in temperate climate, edges of leaves/segments entire, carpels as well as fruits tomentose.
P. lactiflora: Flowers mostly in June in Temperate climate, edges of leaves/segments  denticulate, carpels and fruits glabrous.
Here is my P. officinalis ‘Flore Plena’ from Kashmir on  May 16, 2012.
Attachments (2)

And yes flowers of P. lactiflora are scented, P. officinalis not scented.

I tried to understand, but seems still confused.
I could not check denticulate nature of edges of the leaves with naked eyes even in the following
Does all the images above by …, belong to tree like shrubs as in the last image ?
Are all of these images belong to Paeonia suffruticosa as per

Yes as far as I can remember these were shrubs and not plants.


Flora from Srinagar 18072013 CS1 : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Is this Paeonia sp commonly called as tree peonies. Cultivated ornamental from Srinagar

Paeonia officinalis

This may also be Paeonia suffruticosa as per discussion in another thread: Paeonia suffruticosa : Srinagar : For Validation : 02JUN19 : AK-1
Flowering Shrubs in India By S. L. JINDAL (2017) does not list Paeonia officinalis.

The plant and flowers look similar to my pictures.

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