Smilax ferox Wall. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 251 1850.
Nepal to S. China and Indo-China as per WCSP;
Assam; Bangladesh; China South-Central; China Southeast; East Himalaya; India;
Laos; Myanmar; Nepal; Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life;
Location: Phulchoki, Lalitpur
Date: 3 July 2019
Elevation: 2415 m.
Habit : Wild
Leaves are bunched together unlike other Smilax and fruit bears protuberance like spike.
Please ignore 3rd and 5th image.
Smilax minutiflora A.DC. ??
No description and images found in the net.
I think looks different from specimens of Smilax minutiflora at GBIF
To me appears close to images at Smilax ovalifolia Roxb. ex D.Don
Yes looks different.
Smilax ferox Wall. ex Kunth
Nepali Name: कुकुर डाइनो Kukur Daaino
Thanks, …, for the id.
To me also appears close to Smilax ferox as per description in Flora of China and as per
In fact, these two species appears to be quite close as per description from Flora of China:
Smilax ovalifolia Roxburgh (Forests; near sea level to 1500 m):
Vines climbing, large. Stem branched, to 10 m, woody; branches smooth or sparsely prickly. Petiole 1.6–3 cm, narrowly winged for 1/2–2/3 its length; abscission zone subapical; tendrils well developed. Leaf blade ovate to suborbicular, 12–23(–26) × 8–14(–20) cm, main veins 7. Inflorescence of (1 or)2 or 3 umbels, 1.5–4 cm, basally prophyllate; peduncle 1.3–3 cm, proximally articulate when inflorescence of 1 umbel; umbels of both sexes 12–40-flowered, base thickened. Male flowers: outer tepals 5–6 × ca. 1.5 mm, inner ones much narrower. Female flowers: tepals slightly smaller than male ones; staminodes 3. Berries dark red, ellipsoid-globose, 0.9–1.2 cm in diam.
Smilax ferox Wallich ex Kunth (Dense forests, thickets, shaded slopes; 1000–2900 m):
Vines climbing. Stem branched, terete, woody, usually sparsely prickly. Petiole 4–7(–13) mm, winged for 2/3 to nearly all its length; wings 1.5–2.5 mm wide; abscission zone distal; tendrils only occasionally developed on old stem or branches. Leaf blade abaxially often glaucous, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 3.5–9(–12) × 1.5–3.5(–6) cm, papery to leathery. Inflorescence borne in axil of young leaf, of 1 umbel, basally not prophyllate; peduncle 1–1.6(–2.5) cm; umbels of both sexes 4–11-flowered, usually ± racemose due to elongate base, base thickened, 2–5 × 1–2 mm. Male flowers: tepals pale yellow, 3–4.5 × 1.5–2 mm; filaments 1.5–2 mm. Female flowers: tepals slightly smaller than male ones; staminodes 6. Berries red, globose, 8–10 mm in diam. Fl. Apr–May, fr. Oct–Dec.
Additional Nepali name : चटलांग Chatalaang