Syzygium mundagam (Bourd.) V. Chithra, Fl. Tamil Nadu 1: 157 1983. (syn: Eugenia mundagam Bourd.; Jambosa mundagam (Bourd.) Gamble);
Endemic to southern Western_Ghats- South Sahyadri and between Palakkad hills to Coorg Region in Central Sahyadris as per Biotik;
Common name: Mundagam Plum • Malayalam: Kattuchampa, Mundagam • Tamil: Kotta Samba
Trees, to 15 m high, bark 6-8 mm thick, brown, smooth; blaze reddish; branchlets tetragonous. Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiole 3-7 mm, stout, glabrous; lamina 12-30 x 5-12.5 cm, oblong or elliptic-oblong, base cordate, apex acute or obtuse, margin entire, coriaceous, glandular punctate; lateral nerves 18-22 pairs, pinnate, looped near the margin forming intramarginal nerve, secondary laterals prominent, intercostae reticulate, raised below. Flowers bisexual, 4 cm across, white, in terminal many flowered corymbs; pedicel 5 mm long; calyx tube stout, funnel shaped, lobes 4, 6 mm across, suborbicular; furnished with a thick disc; petals 4, 1.2 x 1.5 cm, orbicular; stamens many, free, bent inwards in the middle regularly when in the bud; ovary inferior, 2-celled, many ovuled; style slender, longer than stamens; stigma slightly acute. Fruit a berry, 2.5 cm across, ovoid, greenish-pink.
Flowering and fruiting: February-March
Southern Western Ghats
(Attibutions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi as per India Biodiversity Portal)
References: POWO Catalogue of Life The Plant List Ver.1.1 WCSP IPNI GBIF (High resolution specimens) Flora of peninsular India Flowers of India India Biodiversity Portal Biotik Kerala plants Wikimedia Commons