Shrubs. Leaves alternate, imparipinnate, about 15-30 x 10-15 cm across, rachis articulated at each leaflet node, about 2-3 mm thick, 10-25 cm long, lateral leaflets 5-6 pairs, lower leaflets smallest, ovate-quadrangular, higher leaflets from lanceolate-ovate to broadly lanceolate, about 5-8 x 2-4 cm across, lowest leaflet almost equaling the stipules, base roundate, margins serrate-dentate with 7-11 small spines, apex acuminate or with distinct apical cusp, green, glabrous above, paler beneath, coriaceous, lateral veins 5-7 on either side of the midrib, prominent both above and beneath, Petiole dilated at the base, stipules filiform about 10 mm long. Inflorescence racemose, fascicled 3-5, axillary, densely flowered, rachis 2-3 mm thick, about 6-10 cm long, bracts ovate-lanceolate, about 12 x 7 mm long. Flowers bisexual, yellow, actinomorphic, pedicels slender, about 5-7 mm long, bracts ovate, about 2 mm long, sepals 9, in 3 series, outer sepals smallest and inner series sepals largest, outer series sepals, ovate, apex obtuse, about 2-2.5 x 2 mm long, median sepals oblong-ovate, apex obtuse 5 x 4 mm across, inner series sepals oblong-elliptic, 7 x 5 mm across, apex 2 lobed, petals elliptic-lanceolate, base clawed with glands, bright yellow, apex emarginated with obtuse lobes, about 5 x 2 mm across. Stamens 6, about 3.5 mm long, conical apiculate, anthers connectives prolonged, ovary superior, ellipsoid, about 2 mm long, ovules 2, style minute. Fruits are berries, obovoid to subglobose, pruinose, seeds 2, with conspicuous endosperm.
Subtropical to temperate forests, altitude 2000-3000 m.
(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India.; Kailash, B. R., ATREE, Bangalore, India.; Royal Norwegian Embassy grants. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India as per India Biodiversity Portal)
Shillong plant for ID – 3 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Mahonia sp. Berberidaceae..
Thanks, … I also agree.
May be Mahonia nepalensis
Need to know the number of leaflets for id confirmation or otherwise.
References: POWO (Berberis napaulensis var. pycnophylla (Fedde) J. E. Laferriere) Catalogue of Life (Berberis napaulensis var. pycnophylla (Fedde) J. E. Laferriere) The Plant List Ver.1.1 Tropicos GBIF (High resolution specimens) India Biodiversity Portal