Artocarpus chama Buch.-Ham., Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 5: 331 1826. (syn: Artocarpus asperulus Gagnep.; Artocarpus chaplasha Roxb.; Artocarpus melinoxylus Gagnep.; Ficus chrysophthalma (Miq.) Miq.; Urostigma chrysopthalmum Miq.; Saccus calophyllus (J.N.Haage & E.Schmidt) Kuntze; Saccus chaplasha (Roxb.) Kuntze);
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Sikkim to China (Yunnan) and Peninsula Malaysia: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;
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Large deciduous tree up to 50 m tall. Bark grayish brown with large white patches and deep vertical furrows peeling off in pieces. Latex milky, copious, Leaves of seedling, saplings and young shoots pinnafid or lobed. Leaves elliptic, oblong or ovate, 15-36 × 7-20 cm, margin entire or minutely dentate serrate, apex acute, obtuse or slightly cuspidate, thinly coriaceous, sparsely hispid above, hispid pubescent beneath, lateral veins 6-10 on either side of the midvein, reticulation distinct, pilose of hispid tomentose, petiole pubescent, 1-2.5 cm long, stipules large amplexicaul. Inflorescence or receptacle axillary, solitary, globose, peduncles long, puberulous. Male flowers sessile, mixed with scales, perianth segments oblong 2-3, pubescent, bifid at the apex, filaments short, anthers exserted, 2-celled. Female flowers globose to ellipsoid, tuberculate, bracts peltate. style exserted. Fruiting syncarp yellow when young. Drupes ellipsoid. Seeds ovoid 1.5 cm long.
Flowering/Fruiting: March-July.
Evergreen to deciduous forests; and cultivated.
(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India. | Kailash, B. R., UAS & ATREE, Bangalore, India as India Biodiversity Portal)
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Sharing Artocarpus chama Buch.-Ham. (Moraceae): 3 images.
Botanical name: Artocarpus chama Buch.-Ham. (Moraceae).

Photographer: Dr. M. C. Naik.
Location: South Andaman Island, India.
Habit: Trees, 6 – 15 m high.
Habitat: Common in inland forests.
Distribution: India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Northeast India), Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, China, Laos, Vietnam and Malaysia.
Uses: The fruits and seeds are relished by the local tribal people.


 

 


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References: POWO  Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  GBIF (High resolution specimens) Flora of China  FOC illustration  India Biodiversity Portal  Useful Tropical Plants

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