Abutilon bidentatum Hochst. ex A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 68 1847. (syn: Abutilon bidentatum var. major (Blatt. & Hallb.) Bhandari; Abutilon englerianum Ulbr.; Abutilon indicum var. maius Blatt. & Hallb.; Abutilon membranifolium Baker f.; Abutilon microcarpum Mattei; Sida bidentata Hochst);
Niger to Eritrea and Namibia, S. Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent: Angola, Bangladesh, Botswana, Burundi, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe as per POWO;
Annual or perennial herbs or undershrubs, about 0.5-2 m tall. Stems and branches with densely wooly with simple stellate hairs. Leaves simple, alternate, broadly ovate-cordate to suborbicular, about 1.5-5 x 1-4.5 cm across, base cordate, margins irregularly crenate-dentate, apex acute to shallow acuminate, densely pubescent with simple hairs both above and beneath, petiole, densely wooly pubescent, about 1-4 cm long, stipules subulate, about 1-2 mm long. Inflorescence usually axillary or terminal, solitary or aggregated lax panicles. Flowers bisexual, pedicel slender, jointed in the upper half, densely wooly pubescent, about 2-4 cm long, epicalyx absent, calyx 5 lobed, campanulate or cup shaped, base connate, valvate, divided from middle, about 6 mm across, lobes ovate, apex acute, densely pubescent with simple and stellate hairs outside, simple long hairs inside, about 5-6 x 2-3 mm across, corolla large, 5, yellow, white, sometimes with dark colored in the centre, petals obovate, glabrous, about 5-7 x 3-4 mm across. Stamens usually shorter than petals, base wide, stellate hairy, about 2-3 mm long, filaments about 0.5-1 mm long, anthers basifixed, usually clustered. Ovary superior, 5-20 locular, ovules 2-9 per carpel, style branched 5-40, filiform to clavate, stigma capitate. Fruit schizocarp, ovoid-subglobular, about 1 cm across, campanulate, apex biaristate or acuminate, usually black when mature, with 16-20 mericarps, oblong, margins dense with stellate hairs, apex bidentate, dehiscent, with a slender truncate columella scar when fallen. Seed many, reniform or subreniform, about 1.5 mm across, smooth, glabrous or shortly pubescent.
Tropical forests and waste places.
(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India. Kailash, B. R., ATREE, Bangalore, India. Royal Norwegian Embassy grants. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India as per India Biodiversity Portal)
Abutilon bidentatum, Malvaceae: 3 images- 2 jpg.
Sending here some photographs of Abutilon bidentatum, Malvaceae clicked on October 25,2021 Chartha village Aurangabad MH
References: POWO Catalogue of Life The Plant List Ver.1.1 IPNI GBIF (High resolution specimens) Flora of peninsular India India Biodiversity Portal