Humboldtia unijuga Bedd., Icon. Pl. Ind. Or.: 22 (1870) (syn: Batschia unijuga (Bedd.) Kuntze);
S. India as per POWO;
Common name: Bark-Flower Humboldtia

Trees; to 8 m high, branches slender, solid, terete, strigose when young, glabrous and faintly suberose when mature. Leaves bifoliate, alternate; stipule lateral, 5-7 x 2.5 mm narrowly ovate, acute, prominently parallel veined, connate at base, intrapetiolar, glabrous, appendages absent; rachis 5-8 mm long, stout, glabrous; gland at the top; estipellate; leaflets subsessile, 4-15 x 2-5 cm, elliptic-lanceolate or lanceolate or narrowly ovate, base unequal, apex obtusely acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 5-15, pinnate, looped at the margin forming intramarginal nerve, prominent; intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, 1.5-2.5 cm long, crimson, in axillary as well as cauliflorus racemes; sterile bracts present at the base of racemes; peduncle pubescent; pedicel 5-10 mm long, finely brown pubescent; bracts ciliate, pubescent without; bracteoles 2, 4-5 x 1.5-2 mm, ovate, rounded at apex; calyx tube 8 mm long, obconical lined by the disc, lobes 4, pubescent, obovate, rounded at apex; petals 5, 10-15 mm long, obovate, crimson, narrowed at base, veined, glabrous; stamens 5, free, filaments 10 mm long, filiform; anthers versatile; staminodes absent; ovary 5-6 mm long, half inferior, stipitate, obliquely oblong, densely brown pubescent; style 8-10 mm long, filiform, glabrous, 8-10 mm long; stigma capitate. Fruit a pod 5-8 x 2-3 cm, compressed, oblong, deep red, veined; seeds 2-3.
Flowering and fruiting: December-March
Evergreen forests
Southern Western Ghats
(Attributions: Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi as per India Biodiversity Portal)

Above one image contributed by Dr. M. Sanjappa




POWO  Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  ILDIS  GBIF (High resolution specimens) Flora of peninsular India Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal  Wikimedia Commons

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