Calamus melanochaetes (Blume) Miq., Verh. Kon. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk. 11(5): 28 (1868) (syn: Acanthophoenix grandis André; Calamus acanthopis Griff.; Calamus angustifolius Griff.; Calamus aureus (Renuka & Vijayak.) W.J.Baker; Calamus binnendijkii (Becc.) W.J.Baker; Calamus fissus (Blume) Miq.; Calamus grandis Griff.; Calamus hygrophilus Griff.; Calamus intermedius Griff.; Calamus jenkinsianus Griff.; Calamus kurzianus (Hook.f. ex Becc.) W.J.Baker; Calamus lewisianus Griff.; Calamus luteus W.J.Baker; Calamus manii (Becc.) W.J.Baker; Calamus margaritae Hance; Calamus monticola Griff.; Calamus nutantiflorus Griff.; Calamus pachyrostris (Becc.) W.J.Baker; Calamus palembanicus (Blume) Miq.; Calamus rarispinosus (Renuka & Vijayak.) W.J.Baker; Calamus sepal (Becc.) W.J.Baker; Calamus singalanus (Becc.) W.J.Baker; Calamus stenophyllus (Becc.) W.J.Baker; Calamus treubianus (Becc.) W.J.Baker; Calamus trichrous (Miq.) Miq.; Calamus wrightmyoensis (Renuka & Vijayak.) W.J.Baker; Daemonorops aciculata Ridl.; Daemonorops angustifolia (Griff.) Mart.; Daemonorops angustispatha Furtado; Daemonorops aruensis Becc.; Daemonorops aurea Renuka & Vijayak.; Daemonorops bakauensis Becc.; Daemonorops binnendijkii Becc.; Daemonorops carcharodon Ridl.; Daemonorops cinnamomea Schaedtler; Daemonorops curtisii Furtado; Daemonorops fissa Blume; Daemonorops grandis (Griff.) Mart.; Daemonorops hallieriana Becc.; Daemonorops hygrophila (Griff.) Mart.; Daemonorops imbellis Becc.; Daemonorops intermedia (Griff.) Mart.; Daemonorops javanica Furtado; Daemonorops jenkinsiana (Griff.) Mart.; Daemonorops kiahii Furtado; Daemonorops kirtong Griff.; Daemonorops kurziana Hook.f. ex Becc.; Daemonorops laciniata Furtado; Daemonorops lewisiana (Griff.) Mart.; Daemonorops malaccensis Mart.; Daemonorops manii Becc.; Daemonorops margaritae (Hance) Becc.; Daemonorops melanochaetes Blume; Daemonorops monticola (Griff.) Mart.; Daemonorops nurii Furtado; Daemonorops nutantiflora (Griff.) Mart.; Daemonorops ornata W.Bull; Daemonorops pachyrostris Becc.; Daemonorops palembanica Blume; Daemonorops pierreana Becc.; Daemonorops pseudosepal Becc.; Daemonorops rarispinosa Renuka & Vijayak.; Daemonorops schmidtiana Becc.; Daemonorops scortechinii Becc.; Daemonorops sepal Becc.; Daemonorops singalana Becc.; Daemonorops stenophylla Becc.; Daemonorops tabacina Becc.; Daemonorops treubiana Becc.; Daemonorops trichroa Miq.; Daemonorops wrightmyoensis Renuka & Vijayak.; Palmijuncus fissus (Blume) Kuntze; Palmijuncus grandis (Griff.) Kuntze; Palmijuncus hygrophilus (Griff.) Kuntze; Palmijuncus intermedius (Griff.) Kuntze; Palmijuncus jenkinsianus (Griff.) Kuntze; Palmijuncus lewisianus (Griff.) Kuntze; Palmijuncus malaccensis (Mart.) Kuntze; Palmijuncus margaritae (Hance) Kuntze; Palmijuncus monticola (Griff.) Kuntze; Palmijuncus nutantiflorus (Griff.) Kuntze; Palmijuncus palembanicus (Blume) Kuntze; Palmijuncus trichrous (Miq.) Kuntze; Rotang palembanicus (Blume) Baill.);
E. Himalaya to Taiwan and Philippines (Palawan), New Guinea (Kep. Aru): Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;

Mart. Hist. Nat. Palm. iii. 327 ; leaflets equi¬distant linear finely acuminate, costae 3 all sparsely setose above with very long bristles, the central only beneath, margins setulose, petiole rachis and flagellum with many marginal and dorsal hooked spines or 3-5-fid claws, sheath armed with very long flat deflexed and shorter more slender spines, spadix elongate decompound, outer spathe flattish 2-keeled armed with flat spines narrowed into a long spinescent beak, fruiting calyx nearly flat, fruit globose apiculate. Walp. Ann. iii. 475 ; v. 827. D. nutantiflorus, Mart, c. 326 ; Walp. l.l. c.c. 474, 827. Calamus Jenkinsianus, Griff, in Calc. Journ. Nat. Hist. v. 81 ; Palms Brit. Ind. 89 (excl. fruit. & t. 185 A. f. 3 (= C. Flagellum), T. Anders, in Journ. Linn. Soc. xi. 11. C. nutantiflorus, Griff, in Calc. Journ. Nat. Hist. v. 79 ; Palms Brit. Ind. 88, t. 208.

Stem very stout, with the sheaths 1.3/4 in. diam., young parts grey-pubescent. Leaves large ; leaflets 2 ft. by 2/3-3/4 in. ; petiole 5-6 in. ; spines of rachis many, short, scattered ; of sheath 1-1.1/2 in. long. Outer spathe 1-2 ft., spines 1/2-3/4 in. ; inner 12¬-18 in., lanceolate, long acuminate, quite smooth. Male spadix thyrsiform, dense-fld. ; calyx oblong, 3-toothed, and petals and bracts deeply grooved. Fem. spadix with spreading branches, fruiting erect ; calyx cupular, not pedicelliform ; petals twice as long. Fruit 2/3 in. diam., pale yellow brown ; scales deeply channelled, margins narrowly scarious. Seed subglobose, smooth ; albumen punctate, or the surface ruminate by Very slender channels.
(From The Flora of British India (1894) from IBIS Flora)


Wild Rattan Id from Bangladesh SM 203 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Clamus guruba?

do you have pictures  of the rest of the tree? trunk leaves
where they arise from the trunk? the spines ???

No …

Daemonorops jenkinsiana


Palm Tree For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 05DEC14 : AK-16 : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (14)
Palm tree seen in Lalbagh on 8/11/14.
Short tree, almost like a bush.

yes almost has no trunk in its mostly short-lived lives
grown commercially in indonesia for its :snake fruit” and edible fruit
its the salacca zelacca… what a weird name (not sure of the spelling, pl check it)
almost sounded to me like a rock star’s name when I first heard it
Did you see any fruits at the base?

The correct name is……..Salacca zalacca.
… had suggested the same to me.
He was there when these pictures were taken.
He had specially come to show me the trees I hadn’t found in Lalbagh.
Very kind of him.
No, we did not see any fruits at the base.
Eager to taste them.
Have you tried?
And when I had some time on hand, these are the pictures I have taken, unlike my California posts…. where I was just running.

no i did not eat it
i don’t eat unwashed stuff
no use getting delhi belly in touristy hotels but locals said they eat it..
thanks for the correct spelling…
and yes I know you can take good pictures that’s why i keep asking you to

If this is Salacca zalacca, where did you take this photograph? The leaves are rather strange to me.  I want to share my pictures of the snake fruit.  A certain cultivar may have >1 m trunk.
Attachments (3)

Thanks for your pictures showing the fruits.
My pictures, as mentioned were taken in Lalbagh Botanical Gardens, Bangalore, India.

palm tree with bamboo like leaves
yours are the same terminal ones seem to be together and older ones have separated (it does that in fish tail palm too)
Loved to see your pictures of the fruits
typical fruits with scaly skin
is there a factor of maturity of the palm before it fruits or does it have to have lots of them around like the date palms? please share…
… can tell you where…
but she mentions Lal bagh
a botanical garden of extensive well tended collection from all over the world…
… has been showing us the trees and plants there… do search our database for his name…

I am not sure this is a Salacca – it looks more like Daemonorops jenkinsiana


MS,June, 2021/22 Calamus sp. for id.: 4 images.
Location : Lengpui, Mizoram

Date : 23-11-2012
Habit : Climbing cane
Habitat : Wild

could be Calamus melanochaetes (formerly Daemonorops jenkinsiana)

Daemonorops jenkinsiana (= Calamus jenkinsianus) ???

… can clarify.
May be Calamus jenkinsianus is placed under syn. of Calamus melanochaetes, as per A revision of Calamus (Arecaceae, Calamoideae, Calameae, Calaminae) (2020) by him. 


MS,April, 2022/13 Calamus sp. for id.: 3 images.
Location : Lungkulh, Mizoram

Altitude : ca. 250 m.
Date : 19-01-2016
Habit : Climbing rattan
Habitat : Wild

Calamus melanochaetes

MS,April,2022/25 Calamus melanochaetes ? for id.: 1 image.
Location : Lungkulh, Mizoram

Altitude : ca.350 m.
Date : 14-11-2018
Habit : Stout rattan
Habitat : Wild

possibly Calamus melanochaetes




POWO  Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  WCSP  IPNI   e-monocot  Flora of China  FOC illustration India Biodiversity Portal  IBIS Flora Palmpedia

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