Olea paniculata R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 528 1810. (syn: Ligustrum neoebudicum Guillaumin; Linociera lauterbachii Lingelsh.; Linociera yunnanensis H.T.Chang; Olea bournei Fyson; Olea glandulifera Desf.; Olea glandulifera Wall. ex G.Don; Olea glandulosa DC.; Olea thozettii Pancher & Sebert);
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Indian Subcontinent to China (Yunnan) and SW. Pacific: Bismarck Archipelago, China South-Central, India, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Norfolk Is., Pakistan, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vanuatu, West Himalaya as per POWO;

Common name: Native Olive • Hindi: Gaild, Gair, Galdu, Jharinu • Kannada: Kunde, Kunthay, Kunthe • Telugu: Lodajang, Loddajang
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Keys as per An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995):
Leaf margin entire; nerve axils glandular, corolla (sub)rotate; lobes reflexed, stamens exerted … O. paniculata
Leaf margin dentate; nerve axils eglandular, corolla tubular-campanulate; lobes incurved, stamens included … O. dioca
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As per efi thread:
It (leaf) is not necessarily be serrate always. I have seen both serrated and non-serrated leaves on the same individual. But serrated leaves is a character of this species. In younger plants the leaves are always serrated.
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Trees, to 15 m high, bark 1 cm, greyish-brown, exfoliating in brittle scales; blaze dull yellow. Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiole 10-35 mm, slender, glabrous, grooved above; lamina 7-13 x 2.5-5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-obovate or elliptic lanceolate, base attenuate, apex acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous; lateral nerves 4-7 pairs, glabrous, pinnate, prominent; intercostae reticulate; domatia present. Flowers bisexual, creamy, 4 mm across, in terminal or lateral compound, trichotomous cymes; calyx 1 mm, glabrous, lobes triangular, gland-dotted; corolla deeply lobed; lobes 4, spreading, 2 mm long, tube 1 mm long; stamens 2, exserted; anther oblong; ovary 1 mm long, 2-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style short; stigma capitate. Fruit a drupe, 1.5 x 0.8 cm, ovoid, brownish-black; seed one.
Flowering and fruiting: February-April
Shola forests
(Attribution: Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi as per India Biodiversity Portal)
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Olea paniculata R.Br. submission AS9 April22: 9 images.
Here’s a new wild Olea species addition to our website.

Olea paniculata R.Br.
Synonyms – Olea glandulifera Desf.
Family – Oleaceae
Leaves have visible glands along midrib (see in attached image)
Photographed in Solan district, Himachal Pradesh
In April 2022


 

 


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References:
POWO  Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  WCSP  IPNI  GBIF (High resolution specimens) Flora of China  FOC illustration  Flora of Pakistan  Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  Flora of peninsular India  Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal  Kerala plants Wikipedia  Useful Tropical Plants  Lucid Central  Rbgsyd

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