Capparis olacifolia Hook. fil. & Thoms., Fl. Brit. India 1: 178 (1872) ;
Central & E. Himalaya to SE. Tibet and Myanmar: Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Tibet as per POWO;
India (West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Orissa, NE-Andhra Pradesh), Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma] (Chin, Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing), SE-Tibet as per CoL;
Common name: Olax-Leaf Caper • Assamese: Kotoha, Kota-khar, Lokra
Erect shrub, ca. 5 m tall. Branches tomentose with brownish 5- armed stellate hair when young, glabrescent with ages; stipular thorns ca. 5-6 mm long, straight, pointing upwards; cataphyllus subulate, ca. 1-1.5 mm at base. Leaves simple, alternate; petioles ca. 5-6 mm long, puberulous; lamina. ca. 6-18 x 2.5-6.5 cm, ovate-lanceolate, rounded to subacute at base, acute to acuminate and mucronulate at apex, entire, chartaceous or firmly herbaceous, glabrous, lustrous, midrib flat; secondary nerves 5-8 pairs. Inflorescences supra-axillary rows, flowers 2-3, ca. 3-4 cm across, white, fetid; pedicels ca. 6-12 mm long, puberulous; Sepals ca. 7-10.5 x 2.5-6 mm, subequal, ovate-acute, concave, outer pair boat-shaped, inner pair lanceolate to elliptic, tomentose with white margins; petals ca. 14-25 x 4-6 cm, oblong or obovate to oblanceolate, outer pair white, inner pair with a purple or yellow blotch at base; stamens 32-38, exserted, equalling gynophore; anthers ca. 2 mm long, white, purple-veined, bluish when dry; gynophore ca. 2.5-3.5 cm long; Ovary ca. 4-5.5 cm long, ellipsoid, beaked, tomentose; style ca. 2 mm persistent; stigma knob-shaped; placentae 2. Fruit globose to ovoid, ca. 13-15 x 11-12 mm, red, black when dry, beaked at apex, pericarp fairly thick, glabrous; stalk thin, ca. 3-3.8 cm long. Seeds 1-3, ca. 4-5 x 6 mm in diam, brown.
Flowering: February-June. Fruiting: March-August
(Attributions: Ayyappan. N & V. Kokilavani, French Institute of Pondicherry, Compiled from various sources listed in the reference as per India Biodiversity Portal)
Capparis olacifolia Hook.fil. & Thomson: 6 very high res. images.
Habit : Wild
POWO specimen Catalogue of Life GBIF (High resolution specimens) BSI Flora of India Checklist Flora of China Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal Flora of peninsular India Flowers of India India Biodiversity Portal