Cenchrus setigerus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 395 (1806) (syn: Cenchrus bulbifer Hochst. ex Boiss.; Cenchrus ciliaris var. setigerus (Vahl) Maire & Weiller; Cenchrus montanus Nees ex Steud.; Cenchrus quinquevalvis Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Cenchrus schimperi Hochst. & Steud.; Cenchrus tripsacoides R.Br.; Cenchrus uniflorus Ehrenb. ex Boiss.; Pennisetum ciliare var. setigerum (Vahl) Leeke; Pennisetum setigerum (Vahl) Wipff; Pennisetum vahlii Kunth);
Sahara to W. Indo-China and Tanzania: Algeria, Andaman Is., Burkina, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Gulf States, India, Iran, Kenya, Kuwait, Mauritania, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen; Introduced into: Brazil North, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, China South-Central, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Caledonia, Texas as per POWO;
Common name: Birdwood Grass • Rajasthani: भुरतियो Bhurtio

Perennial, forming clumps from a ± bulbous base; culms 5-80 cm high, geniculately ascending. Leaf-blades 2-20 cm long, 2-7 mm wide. Panicle 2-12 cm long; involucres cup-shaped, 3-7 mm long; inner spines short, flattened, connate for a quarter to half their length to form a cup, glabrous or obscurely puberulous and grooved on the face, occasionally sparsely ciliate on the margins, green to dark purple, antrorsely scaberulous, narrowly triangular at the tip; outer spines few, short, often suppressed, rarely almost as long as the inner. Spikelets 1-3 per burr, 3-5 mm long.
Flowering and fruiting: June-December
(Attributions: Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi as per India Biodiversity Portal)

Grass identification-2: 3 high res. images.
Habitat: Outer road side 

Habit: Annual herb
Loc- Kota Rajasthan
Date- 31july 2022

Cenchrus setigerus


Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week :: Poaceae : For identification from Karnal- NS 32 : Attachments (4). 3 posts by 2 authors.
This common grass was shot from district Karnal and also from other places in Haryana, id please…

This is Cenchrus setigerus

Grass For ID : 170813 : AK-2 :  Attachments (2). 6 posts by 3 authors.
A grass seen in Muscat, Oman on 30/12/2011.

Can be Cenchrus sp.

Thanks … for a possible id. Could it be Cenchrus ciliaris?

efi page on Pennisetum ciliare ((syn: (≡) Cenchrus ciliaris L. (basionym)) 

It is Cenchrus setigerus grass. It is palatable and common in Rajasthan. I attached Two images of Cenchrus setigerus and Cenchrus ciliaris. 


Grass for ID-PC-29.12.2015 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Please identify the grass here in photos. It is 12cm high and spread as much. The picture was taken on 26.12.2015 at Tuglakabaf, New Delhi.

this one is cenchrus setigerus

Cenchrus setigerus

Submission of Cenchrus setigerus : 4 posts by 2 authors.

Plant name: Cenchrus setigerus Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 395. 1805.
Ver. names: Birdwood grass, Dhaman (Eng.); Anjan gaddi (Tel.)
Family: Poaceae
Description: Perennial herbs. Culms bulbous at base, geniculately ascending, 20–80 cm tall. Leaf sheaths keeled, scabrous; leaf blades linear, 2–20 × 0.4–0.8 cm, adaxial surface pilose with long scattered hairs. Panicle stiff, 4–12 × 0.6–0.7 cm, burrs overlapping by about half their length, rachis scabro-puberulous. Burrs broadly oblong with rounded base, 0.3–0.7 cm, subsessile; inner spines short, flattened, connate for 1/4–1/2 their length forming a tough cup, flattened free tips narrowly triangular, erect, grooved on inner  the face, shortly ciliate; outer spines  few, very short, often suppressed, reduced to bristles around periphery of cupule. Spikelets 1-3 in burr, 3.5–5 mm long.
Habitat & location: Occasional in dry sandy soils and low hills. Photographed at Nellore rural.  

I think last 2 photographs belongs to Cenchrus biflorus

All photographs belong to the same plant; identified with the help of BSI




POWO  Flora of China  Flora of Pakistan  FOP illustration  India Biodiversity Portal  Tropical Forages  Lucid Central  Flowers of India FAO  RBG Kew: GrassBase – Cenchrus setigerus Description