Pyrenacantha volubilis Wight, Bot. Misc. 2: 107 (1830) (syn: Cavanilla volubilis Kuntze ; Pyrenacantha volubilis var. elliptica Pierre ; Pyrenacantha volubilis var. oblonga Pierre);
W. India to Hainan and Indo-China: Cambodia, Hainan, India, Laos, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;

Much branched climber. Leaves rhomboid-lanceolate, obtuse at base, coarsely 3 or 4-toothed at margin, retuse or mucronate at apex, to 12 x 3.5 cm, subcoriaceous, scabrid beneath with a pair of glands at base; petioles ca 1 cm long. Male flowers in spikes and female ones in heads. Male flowers: Calyx absent. Petals 4, connate at base, valvate, oblong, inflexed at apex, pubescent outside; stamens 4; pistillode minute, villous. Female flowers: Staminode minute; ovary ellipsoid, pubescent, 1-loculed with 2 pendulous, collateral ovules; stigma sessile with radiating branches. Drupes ovoid, laterally compressed, ca 1.5 x 1 cm, orange to red, fleshy; endocarp thin, punctate outside, papillose inside projecting into ruminate endosperm.
Flowering and fruiting: June-November
Evergreen forests, also in the sacred groves
(Attributions: Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi as per India Biodiversity Portal)

Pyrenacantha volubilis:
Pyrenacantha volubilis Wight
Villupuram district, On a edge of road near Oorani




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