Embryology ofHeliotropium scabrum andH. strigosum (Boraginaceae)

Abstract

The embryology ofHeliotropium scabrum andH. strigosum has been studied. The development of the anthers follows the dicotyledonous type, the tapetal cells become binucleate. The pollen grains are shed at the two-celled stage. Megaspore tetrads are linear and the development of the megagametophyte corresponds with the Polygonum type. The endosperm is cellular. The embryo development follows the Onagrad Type, i.e. the Capsella variation inH. scabrum and the Nicotiana variation of the Solanad Type inH. strigosum. The pericarp is differentiated into a one-layered epicarp with bulbous-based, unicellular hair, a 5–6-layered chlorenchymatous mesocarp and a 6–7-layered endocarp. The seed coat consists only of the thickened portions of the epidermis.

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Khaleel, T.F. Embryology ofHeliotropium scabrum andH. strigosum (Boraginaceae). Pl Syst Evol 129, 45–62 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00988983

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Key words

  • Boraginaceae
  • Heliotropioideae
  • Heliotropium
  • Microsporogenesis
  • megasporogenesis
  • development of gametophytes
  • endosperm
  • embryo
  • pericarp and seed coat
  • Systematic position