a-bel-MOS-kus — from Arabic, abu-al-mosk – father (source) of muskDave’s Botanary
es-kew-LEN-tus — edibleDave’s Botanary

commonly known as: edible hibiscus, lady’s finger, okra • Arabic: بَامِيَة bamiya • Assamese: ভেন্দি bhendi • Bengali: ঢেঁড়স dhenras • Gujarati: ભીંડો bhindo • Hindi: भिण्डी bhindi, ढेंड़स dhenras, रामतुरई ram-turai • Kannada: ಬೆಂಡೆಕಾಯಿ bendekayi • Konkani: भेंडे bhende • Malayalam: വെണ്ടയ്ക്ക ventaykka • Manipuri: belendri • Marathi: भेंडी bhendi, रामतुरई ramaturai • Mizo: bawrhsaia be • Nepali: भिण्डी bhindi, राम्-तोरियाँ ram-toriya • Odia: ଭେଣ୍ଡି bhenti • Punjabi: ਭੀਂਡੀ bhindi, ਰਾਮ ਤੋਰੀ ram tori • Rajasthani: भिंडी bhindi • Sanskrit:
अस्रपत्त्रक asrapattraka, भिण्ड bhinda, चतुष्पुण्ड्रा chatushpundra,
करपर्ण karaparna, क्षेत्रसम्भव kshetrasambhava, वृत्तबीज vrttabija • Santali: Ram jhinga • Sindhi: ڀيِنڊيِ bhiindii • Tamil: வெண்டை ventai • Telugu: బెండ benda • Tulu: ಬೆಂಡೆ bende • Urdu: بهنڐي bhindi, ڐهينڙس dhenras, رام ترئي ram-turai

Cultivated in most tropical countries including India as per BSI flora of India;
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2015april_sk26/26 : Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (8)



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TSP-MAY2016-07-336: Images of Abelmoschus esculentus (Malvaceae)  : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Abelmoschus esculentus  (Malvaceae 

Habit: Herb 

Habitat: Cultivated vegetable 

Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 1000msl and 900 msl respectively 

Date: 07-07-2014, 13-07-2014, 31-08-2015 and 18-09-2015


Liked the 2nd & 5th most.


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Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench., Methodus 617, 1794 (syn: Hibiscus esculentus L.)
Commonly grown as fruit vegetable in Delhi and other parts of India.
Photographed from DU Botanical Garden.
Common Names: Lady’s fingers, gombo, okra
Hindi: Bhindi


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Malvaceae Week: Abelmoschus esculentus from Delhi: Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench, Meth. Pl. 617. 1794
Syn: Hibiscus esculentus L.

The common Okra or Lady’s finger plant, Bhindi in Hindi, a popular vegetable in colder and warmer climates. Photographed from DU Campus in Delhi.


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Sending photos of lady finger with two insects on it  and a young lady finger plant with a butterfly.

Botanical name : Abelmoschus esculentus
Common Name  : Lady finger, Okra, Bindi
Place                : Dombivli, Maharashtra
Date                 : 31.12.2010


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Malvaceae Week: Ladies Finger – Abelmoschus esculentus (MW-AR09)Bhindi,
Kannada: Bende Kai
(Bende Kai Gojju is a mouth watering recipe served with steaming Rice/Ragi roti)
Shrub Native
Kela hanumanti village, Uttara Kannada dist. Karnataka
Home Garden,


Have heard that it is good for diabetes and also brainy people like it? or good brain tonic?

Should brainy people use it, or those those who need to improve it?
Any way I being diabetic would find it useful bothways.


Cut the lady finger near its stem joint and keep erect in water overnight. Drink water in morning and eat the fruit too. For first part I want the answer. Any way eating Bhendi has kept me brainy.


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Malvaceae week 0905-9112011 UD 036 Abelmoschus esculentus:  These are my bhindi pics from a scanned pic, the original picture prints are from 2002, sorry for the haze … in scanning

Could not resist showing off my bhidis we managed to grow in short growing season of constant intense heat that it needs.
Such season is very short up north, only starts in late june, and ends  in end of august….  For a few years every year I had planted a demonstration garden for visitors and children at NYBG family garden programme of Indian
Vegetables and “My Grandmother’s scented garden of Indian scented aromatous plants…   we were a great curiosity and success … interacting with old and young alike, many world war 2 veterans would stop by and tell us about their time spent in Burma or Assam or Kolkata and eating these veggies…  etc etc….  I wish I had taped their stories for  living history…  always hindsight is 20/20, alas…
Family: Malvaceae
Genus:                 Abelmoschus
Species:               A. esculentus
Binomial:   Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench
lady’s fingers,  bhinda,  bhindi or bhendibenda Kaya in Telugu Enjoy, I did … we got 15 to twenty bhindis every 3 – 4 days… enjoyed eating… most other vegetables we donated to the salvation army or other soup kitchens


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Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench, Meth. Pl. 617. 1794

Syn: Hibiscus esculentus L.

The common Okra or Lady’s finger plant, Bhindi in Hindi, a popular vegetable in colder and warmer climates. Photographed from DU Campus in Delhi. 


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Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench
at Manikgad village near Karjat on September 11, 2011

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Abelmoschus esculanta
Ladies finger
Pune outskirts
 

 

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my Okra -Abelmoschus esculentus seedlings are not growing:
I had brought some Okra seeds with me in Jan. 2009. I am trying to cultivate Okra. It took two weeks till i could see the seedlings. And for the last two weeks I don’t see any growth.
What am I doing wrong? How can I make it grow? Does it take such a long time?


Please let us know a little more as to where you have placed it. It needs a bit of sunshine, some good lose soil and moisture. It should not take 2 weeks to germinate. I note that you purchased the seeds in 2009. Normally, the shelf life is 6 months. If I had to sow the seeds, I would prepare a bed with lose topsoil, make it moist and cover the seeds with a layer of dry leaves. Just keep it moist and it should sprout in a few days. If you had planted in january, by April it should be quite big. Again, possibly, it is not getting enough sunlight.


I think the culprit is 2009. Every seed has a viability period (shelf life in another words as … pointed out), after which it won’t germinate successfully. It is said that if you keep okra seeds for one year, they lose
80 per of their viability. That should explain seeds germinating but not managing to grow further.


Thank you both for your advice.
Yes they are old but i was hoping that at least some will germinate. I kept them at a warm place but certainöy they were not getting enough sunshine.


apart from .. inputs, i would like to add an observation that Okhra does not respond well to transplanting, seeds are broadcasted on a raised bed at a distance of about a ft


In Malayalam – vendakka


 


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OKRA – What it does for you !!!!: Here’s something…

A guy has been suffering from constipation for the past 20 years and recently from acid reflux. He didn’t realize that the treatment could be so simple — OKRA! He started eating okra within the last 2 months and since then have never taken medication again. All he did was eat 6 pieces of OKRA everyday. He’s now regular and his blood sugar has dropped from 135 to 98, with his cholesterol and acid reflux also under control.
Here are some facts on okra (from the research of Ms. Sylvia Zook,?PH.D (nutrition), University of Illinois.
“Okra is a powerhouse of valuable nutrients, nearly half of which is soluble fiber in the form of gums and pectins. Soluble fiber helps to lower serum cholesterol, reducing the risk of heart disease. The other half is insoluble
fiber which helps to keep the intestinal tract healthy, decreasing the risk of some forms of cancer, especially colo-rectal cancer. Nearly 10% of the recommended levels of vitamin B6 and folic acid is also present in a half
cup of cooked okra.
Okra is a rich source of many nutrients, including fiber, vitamin B6 and folic acid. He got the following numbers from the University of Illinois Extension Okra Page . Please check there for more details.
Okra Nutrition (half-cup cooked okra)
* Calories = 25
* Dietary Fiber = 2 grams
* Protein = 1.5 grams
* Carbohydrates = 5.8 grams
* Vita! min A = 460 IU
* Vitamin C = 13 mg
* Folic acid = 36.5 micrograms
* Calcium = 50 mg
* Iron = 0.4 mg
* Potassium = 256 mg
* Magnesium = 46 mg
These numbers should be used as a guideline only, and if you are on a medically-restricted diet please consult your physician and/or dietician. Ms Sylvia W. Zook, Ph.D. (nutritionist) has very kindly provided the following thought-provoking comments on the many benefits of this versatile vegetable.
They are well worth reading.
1. The superior fiber found in okra helps to stabilize blood sugar as it curbs the rate at which sugar is absorbed from the intestinal tract.
2. Okra’s mucilage not only binds cholesterol but bile acid carrying toxins dumped into it by the filtering liver. But it doesn’t stop there…
3. Many alternative health practitioners believe all disease begins in the colon. The okra fiber, absorbing water and ensuring bulk in stools, helps prevent constipation. Fiber in general is helpful for this but okra is one of the best, along with ground flax seed and psyllium. Unlike harsh wheat bran, which can irritate or injure the intestinal tract, okra’s mucilage soothes, and okra facilitates elimination more comfortably by its slippery characteristic many people abhor. In other words, this incredibly valuable vegetable not only binds excess cholesterol and toxins (in bile acids) which cause numerous health problems, if not evacuated,?but also assures their easy passage from the the body.
4. Further contributing to the health of the intestinal tract, okra fiber (as well as flax and psyllium) has no equal among fibers for feeding the good bacteria (probiotics).
5.To retain most of okra’s nutrients and self-digesting enzymes! , it should be cooked as little as possible, e.g. with low heat or lightly steamed. Some eat it raw ( IEAT THREE RAW OKRA WITH LITTLE LEMON/SALT. I eat also one clove RAW GARLICK on the toast and chew.

   Name: Okra
Biological Name: Abelmoschus esculentus, Hibiscus esculentus

Other Names:   Okra, Okro, Ochro, Okoro, Quimgombo (Cuba), Quingumbo, Ladies Fingers, Gombo, Kopi Arab, Kacang Bendi, Bhindi (S. Asia), Bendi (Malaysia), Bamia, Bamya or Bamieh (middle east), Gumbo (Southern USA), Quiabo, Quiabos (Portugal and Angola), okura (Japan), qiu kui (Taiwan)

History: Okra traces its origin from what was known as Abyssinia (Ethiopia) spreading right through to Eastern Mediterranea, India, Africa, North America, South America and the Caribbean. Though long popular in the South, it is becoming increasingly common and well known in Western Countries.
Description: Okra is a tall-growing (3 to 6 feet or more in height), warm-season, annual vegetable from the same family as hollyhock, rose of Sharon and hibiscus. The immature pods are used for soups, canning and stews or as a fried or boiled vegetable. The hibiscus like flowers and upright plant is very pretty.

When cut, okra releases a sticky substance with thickening properties, useful for soups and stews.
Parts Used: Immature pods
Constituents: Nutrition Information
For 1/2 cup sliced, cooked okra
For 1 cup raw okra
Calories 25
Dietary Fiber 2 grams
Protein 1.52 grams
Carbohydrates 5.76 grams
Vitamin A 460 IU
Vitamin C 13.04 mg
Folic acid 36.5 micrograms
Calcium 50.4 mg
Iron 0.4 mg
Potassium 256.6 mg
Magnesium 46 mg
Calories: 33
Fiber: 3.2g
Total Fat: 0.1g
Protein: 2.0g
Carbohydrate: 7.6g
Vitamin A 660 IU
Vitamin C 21mg
Folate 87.8mcg
Magnesium 57mg
Medicinal Applications According to Sylvia W. Zook, Ph.D. (nutritionist) Okra has several benefits.

1. The superior fiber found in okra helps to stabilize blood sugar by curbing the rate at which sugar is absorbed from the intestinal tract.

2. Okra’s mucilage binds cholesterol and bile acid carrying toxins dumped into it by the filtering liver.

3. Okra helps lubricate the large intestines due to its bulk laxative qualities. The okra fiber absorbs water and ensures bulk in stools. This helps prevent and improve constipation. Unlike harsh wheat bran, which can
irritate or injure the intestinal tract, okra’s mucilage soothes, and okra facilitates elimination more comfortably by its slippery characteristic. Okra binds excess cholesterol and toxins (in bile acids). These, if not evacuated, will cause numerous health problems. Okra also assures easy passage out of waste from the body. Okra is completely non-toxic, non-habit forming, has no adverse side effects, is full of nutrients, and is economically within reach of most unlike the OTC drugs.

4. Okra fiber is excellent for feeding the good bacteria (probiotics). This contributes to the health of the intestinal tract.

5. Okra is a supreme vegetable for those feeling weak, exhausted, and suffering from depression.

6. Okra is used for healing ulcers and to keep joints limber. It helps to neutralize acids, being very alkaline, and provides a temporary protective coating for the digestive tract.

7. Okra treats lung inflammation, sore throat, and irritable bowel.

8. In India , okra has been used successfully in experimental blood plasma replacements.

To retain most of okra’s nutrients and self-digesting enzymes, it should be cooked as little as possible, e.g. with low heat or lightly steamed. Some eat it raw.
Specific Ailments
Acid Reflux and Constipation
A person, suffering from constipation for the past 20 years and recently from acid reflux, started eating 6 pieces of Okra. Since then, has not taken any other medication. Now, his blood sugar has dropped from 135 to 98 and
his cholesterol and acid reflux are also under control.
Asthma
Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. This anti-inflammatory activity may curtail the development of asthma symptoms. A large preliminary study has shown that young children with asthma experience significantly less wheezing if they eat a diet high in fruits rich in vitamin C. 1/2 cup of cooked Okra contains over 13 mg of vitamin C. Atherosclerosis
Diets high in insoluble fiber, such as those containing okra, are associated with protection against heart disease in both men and women.
Cancer
The insoluble fiber found in Okra helps to keep the intestinal tract healthy, decreasing the risk of some forms of cancer, especially colo-rectal cancer.
Capillary fragility
Eating plenty of flavonoid and vitamin C-rich fruits and vegetables such as okra helps to support the structure of capillaries.
Cataracts
1/2 cup of cooked okra contains 460 IU of vitamin A. Some studies have reported that eating more foods rich in beta-carotene or vitamin A was associated with a lower risk of cataracts.
cholesterol
A study (JAMA July 23, 2003) showed that consuming a “dietary portfolio” of vegetarian foods lowered cholesterol nearly as well as the prescription drug lovastatin (Mevacor). The diet was rich in soluble fiber from oats, barley,
psyllium, eggplant and okra. It used soy substitutes instead of meat and milk and included almonds and cholesterol-lowering margarine (such as Take Control) every day.
Depression and Lack of Energy
Okra is a supreme vegetable for those feeling weak, exhausted, and suffering from depression.
High homocysteine
A controlled trial showed that eating a diet high in fruits and vegetables containing folic acid, beta-carotene, and vitamin C effectively lowered homocysteine levels. Healthy people were assigned to either a diet containing a pound of fruits and vegetables per day, or to a diet containing 3 1/2 ounces (99g) of fruits and vegetables per day. After four weeks, those eating the higher amount of fruits and vegetables had an 11 percent lower
homocysteine level compared to those eating the lower amount of fruits and vegetables. Okra is a storehouse of vitamins and folic acid.
Multiple sclerosis (MS)
In one survey, researchers gathered information from nearly 400 people (half with MS) over three years. They found that consumption of vegetable protein, fruit juice, and foods rich in vitamin C, thiamine, riboflavin, calcium, and potassium correlated with a decreased MS risk.


adding more pics


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sir can I get botanical name ? – भेंड़ in Marathi

The nearest word is भेंडी that would mean name for Abelmoschus or Hibiscus esculentus … ભેંડ is in Gujarati … please check.


 

Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench

a-bel-MOS-kus — from Arabic, abu-al-mosk – father (source) of musk … Dave’s Botanary
es-kew-LEN-tus — edible … Dave’s Botanarycommonly known as: edible hibiscus, lady’s finger, okra • Arabic: بَامِيَة bamiya • Assamese: ভেন্দি bhendi • Bengali: ঢেঁড়স dhenras • Gujarati: ભીંડો bhindo • Hindi: भिण्डी bhindi, ढेंड़स dhenras, रामतुरई ram-turai • Kannada: ಬೆಂಡೆಕಾಯಿ bendekayi • Konkani: भेंडे bhende • Malayalam: വെണ്ടയ്ക്ക ventaykka • Manipuri: belendri • Marathi: भेंडी bhendi, रामतुरई ramaturai • Mizo: bawrhsaia be • Nepali: भिण्डी bhindi, राम्-तोरियाँ ram-toriya • Odia: ଭେଣ୍ଡି bhenti • Punjabi: ਭੀਂਡੀ bhindi, ਰਾਮ ਤੋਰੀ ram tori • Rajasthani: भिंडी bhindi • Sanskrit: अस्रपत्त्रक asrapattraka, भिण्ड bhinda, चतुष्पुण्ड्रा chatushpundra, करपर्ण karaparna, क्षेत्रसम्भव kshetrasambhava, वृत्तबीज vrttabija • Santali: Ram jhinga • Sindhi: ڀيِنڊيِ bhiindii • Tamil: வெண்டை ventai • Telugu: బెండ benda • Tulu: ಬೆಂಡೆ bende • Urdu: بهنڐي bhindi, ڐهينڙس dhenras, رام ترئي ram-turai

botanical namesAbelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench … synonymsAbelmoschus bammia Webb • Abelmoschus longifolius (Willd.) Kostel. • Abelmoschus officinalis (DC.) Endl. • Abelmoschus praecox Sickenb. • Abelmoschus tuberculatus Pal & Singh • Abelmoschus tuberculatus var. deltoidefolius T.K.Paul & M.P.Nayar • Hibiscus esculentus L. • Hibiscus longifolius Willd. … status at POWO

Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
edible hibiscus
lady’s finger
okra
~~~~~ ARABIC ~~~~~
بَامِيَة bamiya
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
ভেন্দি bhendi
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
ঢেঁড়স dhenras
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
ભીંડો bhindo
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
भिण्डी bhindi
ढेंड़स dhenras
रामतुरई ram-turai
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಬೆಂಡೆಕಾಯಿ bendekayi
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
भेंडे bhende
  • … my mother tongue
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
വെണ്ടയ്ക്ക ventaykka
~~~~~ MANIPURI ~~~~~
belendri
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
भेंडी bhendi
रामतुरई ramaturai
~~~~~ MIZO ~~~~~
bawrhsaia be
~~~~~ NEPALI ~~~~~
भिण्डी bhindi
राम्-तोरियाँ ram-toriya
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
ଭେଣ୍ଡି bhenti
~~~~~ PUNJABI ~~~~~
ਭੀਂਡੀ bhindi
ਰਾਮ ਤੋਰੀ ram tori
~~~~~ RAJASTHANI ~~~~~
भिंडी bhindi
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
अस्रपत्त्रक asrapattraka
भिण्ड bhinda
  • or भेण्डा bhendaभेण्डी bhendiभेण्डीतक bhenditakaभिण्डक bhindakaभिण्डीतक bhinditaka, …Spoken Sanskrit
चतुष्पुण्ड्रा chatushpundra
करपर्ण karaparna
क्षेत्रसम्भव kshetrasambhava
वृत्तबीज vrttabija
कस्तूरी kasturi
~~~~~ SANTALI ~~~~~
Ram jhinga
~~~~~ SINDHI ~~~~~
bhiindii ڀيِنڊيِ
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
வெண்டை ventai
  • for syn. Hibiscus esculentus L. … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
  • or வெண்டி venti … Wikipedia
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
బెండ benda
  • for syn. Hibiscus esculentus L. … A Telugu-English dictionary by Charles Philip Brown
    … this name shared with Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ಬೆಂಡೆಕಾಯಿ bendekayi
~~~~~ URDU ~~~~~
بهنڐي bhindi
ڐهينڙس dhenras
رام ترئي ram-turai
~~~~~ x ~~~~~


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References:

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