Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. fl. Ind. orient. 272. 1834 (Syn: (≡) Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.; (=) Acacia minuta (M. E. Jones) R. M. Beauch.; (=) Acacia smallii Isely; (≡) Mimosa farnesiana L. (basionym); (=) Pithecellobium minutum M. E. Jones; (=) Vachellia densiflora Alexander ex Small) as per GRIN.
Acacia farnesiana from Kud in Jammu & Kashmir:
Common names: cassie, fragrant acacia, huisache, ironwood, opopanax, sweet acacia
Hindi: Vilayati kikar; Beng: Gaya babul; Mar: Kankar; Tam: Kadi vel; Bihar: Grabur
Shrub or small tree with zigzag branches; stipular spines in pairs; leaves bipinnate, pinnae 2-8, pinnules 10-20 pairs, linear-oblong; flowers in globose heads on long peduncle, yellow; pod 5-7 cm long, nearly cylindrical, slightly curved, brown and woody when mature.
Native of America, widely cultivated in tropics and subtropics.
Flowers are source of cassie perfume; wood used for tent-pegs.
Photographed between Kud and Udhampur in Jammu & Kashmir on August 22.
ID No. 220312 -91- MS- Acacia farnesiana:
Yes …, it does look like Acacia farnesiana. Nice pictures!
Complete plant is clearly seen, which we often missed in the madness of close ups.
Fabaceae-Mimosoideae (Mimosaceae) Week: Acacia farnesiana from Panipat :
Fabaceae-Mimosoideae (Mimosaceae) Week: Acacia farnesiana:
Dev babhul . देव बाभूळ
Differs from Acacia nilotica by pods and its very fragrant flowers. Generally smaller than the latter.
a-KAY-see-uh or uh-KAY-shuh — from the Greek akis, meaning point, barb, thorny, spiny
far-nee-zee-AY-nuh — of the gardens of the Farnese Palace in Rome, built and named for Roman Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
Feb 26, 2011 … Bassein fort, Maharashtra
I think most likely this is the source of the Cassie perfume of yesteryear/ centuries I must say…
famous it was in its time, 150+ year old cosmetics books mention cassie perfume..
syn: Mimosa farnesiana Linn.
Common names: cassie, fragrant acacia, Popinac, ironwood, mimosa-bush, opopanax, prickly mimosa-bush, prickly moses, prickly-mimosa, scented wattle sweet acacia, sweet wattle, West Indian Blackthorn, sponge tree
Hindi: Vilayati Kikar, Vilayati Babul; Gu-Kikar
Much-branched shrub or small tree with zig-zag branches with pale brown dots; stipulat spines straight, up to 16 mm long; petiole with small gland near middle; pinnae 3-7 pairs, leaflets 12-20 pairs, linear-oblong, 3-5 mm long; flowers yellow, fragrant, in 1.5 cm across, globose heads occurring 1-3 together; corolla 2.5 mm long, 5-toothed; pod 5-8 cm long, tirgid, straight or slightly curved, brown; seeds numerous, up to 6 mm long.
Photographed from Herbal Garden, Punjabi Bagh, New Delhi flowering in February-March, fruits in April-May
Fabaceae-Mimosoideae (Mimosaceae) Week :: Acacia farnesiana at Vasai:
Seen this Shrub at Vasai Fort, Maharashtra.
Bot. name: Acacia farnesiana
Date/Time: 26-02-2011 / 10:30AM
Plant habit: Shrub
Acacia id please :
It has to be Acacia farnesiana.
I can see some typical pods in your pictures.
Another characteristic (not sure whether it’s diagnostic) feature of this species is a tiny (1-2 mm) red gland on the petiole. Will post the image of this gland in a separate thread.
Yes, beautiful catch of Acacia farnesiana.
Acacia farnesiana @ Mumbai :
Excellent shot! especially the second one…
whoa, what the heck is this… looks like a land mine from sci-fi movie… only its growing on a tree.
very interesting picture of flower to fruit transformation.
I can share with you … that I really enjoy observing this transformation, in fact there are many common fruits whose flowers I had never appreciated or was simply unaware of them until I got interested in flower watching.
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. from Kamrup district (Rural), Assam :
Date : 01/01/2013
Location: Kamrup district (Rural)
Family : Mimosaceae
Genus & species : Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.
Habitat: Grows wild on roadside.
Habit : Tree
Vern. Name : Torua-kadam (Assamese)
Flower : Yellow
Fruits : Not seen
Nice Set … This may be A farnesiana but no much thorns are seen on branches which is characteristic feature of this plant. Pls also check weather having any fragrance or not. Flowers of A farnesiana have fragrance.
Good to know this is present in Assam too. The pods are characteristic. Thick swollen rather than flat and almost joint-less as against those of Acacia nilotica. The branches are somewhat zigzag as seen here and yes the unforgettable fragrance.
Called as Dev babhul देव बाभूल in Marathi.
Actually I had taken the sent images of the Acacia farnesiana in hurry which was my mistake. Sorry for that. But today I visited the same place and observed & found the following characterisic of the species as you said.
Yes. This makes the complete set!
This is the advantage of the forum. You or any other member can keep on adding/modifying information in the same thread. This helps in knowing the line of thinking….
ANJUL10 Mimosaceae for ID- Acacia sp.?: 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).
Could this be a subspecies of Acacia nilotica?
This is Acacia farnesiana. A separate species.
It is called as देव बाभुळ
TSPNOV2015-22: Images of Vachellia farnesiana : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
It is my pleasure to share few images of Vachellia farnesiana (Fabaceae)
Habitat: Wild, by road side..
Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka about 900 msl.
Date: 20-07-2014, 20-11-2014, 04-01-2015 and 30-01-2015
SK962 05 FEB-2018 : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (8)
Location : Pashupati Temple Premises, Kathmandu
Elevation : 4500 ft.
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Wild. ??
Yes to me also appear close to images at Vachellia farnesiana
Nepali Names : गन्हाउने खयर Ganhaaune Khair / जैत Jait / स्यानिमैनिं Syaanimaini
Superb pictures. For me the ID is correct. We have this plant in Mysore near by my house. It is a shrub. The flowers emit sweet smell and used in the preparation of French perfumes ..
SK1653 17 Dec 2018 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)- around 800 kb each.
Location: Pashupati, Kathmandu, Nepal
Elevation : 4500 ft.
Date 10 February 2018
Habit : Cultivated
Which Fabaceae ..??
Pl. check comparative images at
looks like Vachellia farnesiana
Thank you …!
Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn.
Nepali Names : गनाउने खयर Ganaaune Khayar / जैत Jait / स्यानिमैनी Syaanimainee
Syn : Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.
Names of Plants in India :: Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn. : 6 posts by 3 authors.
via Species > V > Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn. … family: Fabaceae
Kannada names and transliteration are correct. The plant is seen in open fields in Mysore. Flowers are highly fragrant & used in French perfume.
Thank you very much … for validating the Kannada names.
During compilation of names of this plant, I found that people of most regions seemed to have their own perspective of the scent emitted by the plant. Going through names, some names indicate fragrant plant, while some express it to be fetid !!
Perhaps, some aspect of the plant is fragrant and another fetid.
Acacia farnesiana and not Acacia nilotica – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Vachellia Species for ID : Nasik : 13JUN22 : AK – 08: 6 images.
For Species id please.
Beautiful pictures of Vachellia farnesiana (Acacia farnesiana) देवबाभूळ
The ID is correct. Very beautiful & fragrant when you are near the plant. Used in perfume manufacture. Also an Ayurvedic herb. Seen in some places in open fields here.