Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. fl. Ind. orient. 272. 1834 (Syn: (≡) Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.; (=) Acacia minuta (M. E. Jones) R. M. Beauch.; (=) Acacia smallii Isely; (≡) Mimosa farnesiana L. (basionym); (=) Pithecellobium minutum M. E. Jones; (=) Vachellia densiflora Alexander ex Small) as per GRIN.

Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. (Syn: Acacia acicularis Willd.; Acacia edulis Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.;  Acacia farnesiana var. lenticellata (F.Muell.) Bailey ..; Acacia indica (Poir.) Desv.; Acacia lenticellata F.Muell.; Acacia minuta (M.E.Jones) R.M.Beauch.; Acacia minuta subsp. minuta (M.E.Jones) R.M.Beauch.; Farnesia odora Gasp.; Farnesiana odora Gasp.; Mimosa acicularis Poir.; Mimosa farnesiana L.; Mimosa indica Poir.; Mimosa pedunculata (Willd.) Poir.; Mimosa suaveolens Salisb.; Pithecellobium acuminatum M.E.Jones; Pithecellobium minutum M.E.Jones; Popanax farnesiana (L.) Raf. [Spelling variant]; Poponax farnesiana (L.) Raf.; Vachellia farnesiana Wight & Arn.; Vachellia farnesiana var. minuta (M.E. Jones) Seigler & Ebinger;          Acacia densiflora (Small) Cory; Acacia ferox M.Martens & Galeotti; Acacia minuta subsp. densiflora (Small) R.M.Beauch.; Acacia pedunculata Willd.; Acacia smallii Isely; Vachellia densiflora Small) as per The Plant List given in references;
 
vuh-KELL-lee-uh — named after the Rev. George Harvey Vachell, chaplain to the British East India Company … Wiktionary
far-nee-zee-AY-nuh — of the gardens of the Farnese Palace in Rome, built and named for Roman Cardinal Alessandro Farnese … Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: cassie, fragrant acacia, ironwood, mimosa bush, needle bush, sponge tree, sweet acaciaAssamese: তৰুৱা কদম torua kadamBengali: বিলাতি বাবলা bilati babala, গুয়ে বাবলা guya babalaGujarati: તલબાવળ talbaval, ઝેરીબાવળ jheribavalHindi: दुर्गंध खैर durgandh khair, गंध बबूल gandh babul, गंधी बबूल gandhi babul, गूह बबूल guh babul, गुल बबूल gul babul, पस्सी बबूल passi babul, विलायती बबूल vilayati babulKachchhi: અતરીયો બાવર atariyo bavar, સુગંધી બાવર sugandhi bavarKannada: ಕರಿಕಸ್ತೂರಿ karikasturi, ಕಸ್ತೂರಿ ಗೊಬ್ಳಿ kasturi gobli, ಕಸ್ತೂರಿ ಜಾಲಿ ಮರ kasturi jali mara, ಕಿರಿಜಾಲಿ kirijali, ಪೀಕ್ಜಾಲಿ peekjali, ಸಣ್ಣ ಜಾಲಿ sanna jaliKonkani: ಕುಸ್ರಿ ಝಾಡ kusri jhaadMalayalam: കസ്തൂരിവേലം kasturivelam, പൌവേലം pevelamMarathi: देवबाभळ devbabhal, किंकर kinkaraNepali: गन्नाउने खयर gannaune khayar, जैत jaitOdia: ଅସିମେଦ asimeda, ବିଲାତି ବବୁର bilati babura, ବିଟ ଖଦିର bita khadira, ଗନ୍ଧଗୁହାରିଆ gandhaguharia, ଗୁଇଆ ବାବଲା guia babala, କୁଆବାବୁରି kuababuri, ସାରଖଦିର sarakhadiraPunjabi: ਅੰਬਰ ਰੁੱਖ ambar rukh, ਕਾਬਲੀ ਕਿੱਕਰ kabali kikkar, ਪਹਾਡ਼ੀ ਕਿੱਕਰ pahari kikkar, ਵਿਲਾਇਤੀ ਕਿੱਕਰ wilaiti kikkarSanskrit: अहिमार ahimara, अरिमेद arimeda, गिरिमेद girimeda, गोधास्कन्ध godhaskandha, कुष्ठारि kushthari, मरुद्रुम marudruma, पूतिमेद putimeda, विट्खदिर vitkhadiraSindhi: ولائتيِ ٻٻر vilayati baburuTamil: கஸ்தூரி kasturi, பீக்கருவேல் pi-k-karuvel, பீவேல் pi-velTelugu: అరిందము arinmaedamu, కంపు తుమ్మ kampu tumma, కస్తూరి తుమ్మ, kasthoori tumma, మురికి తుమ్మ muriki tumma, నాగ తుమ్మ naaga tumma, పీకే తుమ్మ peeke tumma, పియ్య తుమ్మ piyya tumma

 
Much-branched shrub or small tree with zig-zag branches with pale brown dots; stipulat spines straight, up to 16 mm long; petiole with small gland near middle; pinnae 3-7 pairs, leaflets 12-20 pairs, linear-oblong, 3-5 mm long; flowers yellow, fragrant, in 1.5 cm across, globose heads occurring 1-3 together; corolla 2.5 mm long, 5-toothed; pod 5-8 cm long, tirgid, straight or slightly curved, brown; seeds numerous, up to 6 mm long.

Native of America, widely cultivated in tropics and subtropics.
India (I) ; Andhra Pradesh ; Arunachal Pradesh ; Assam ; Bihar ; Delhi ; Goa ; Gujarat ; Haryana ; Himachal Pradesh ; Jammu-Kashmir ; Karnataka ; Kerala ; Madhaya Pradesh ; Maharashtra ; Meghalaya ; Nagaland ; Orissa ; Pondicherry; Punjab ; Rajasthan; Sikkim; Tamil Nadu ; Tripura ; Uttar Pradesh ; West Bengal & other countries as per ILDIS;
 
Flowers are source of cassie perfume; wood used for tent-pegs.   

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Acacia farnesiana from Kud in Jammu & Kashmir:  Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd., Sp. pl. 4(2): 1083, 1806

Common names: cassie, fragrant acacia, huisache, ironwood, opopanax, sweet acacia
Hindi: Vilayati kikar; Beng: Gaya babul; Mar: Kankar; Tam: Kadi vel; Bihar: Grabur  
Shrub or small tree with zigzag branches; stipular spines in pairs; leaves bipinnate, pinnae 2-8, pinnules 10-20 pairs, linear-oblong; flowers in globose heads on long peduncle, yellow; pod 5-7 cm long, nearly cylindrical, slightly curved, brown and woody when mature.
Native of America, widely cultivated in tropics and subtropics.  
Flowers are source of cassie perfume; wood used for tent-pegs.  
Photographed between Kud and Udhampur in Jammu & Kashmir on August 22. 

ID No. 220312 -91- MS- Acacia farnesiana:  


Yes …, it does look like Acacia farnesiana. Nice pictures!

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Acacia farnesiana : Confirm ID : Nasik : 110712 : AK-1:  Pictures taken on 3/4/12 in Nasik, Maharashtra.

…, is this Acacia farnesiana that you had mentioned in my other Acacia post?
Kindly confirm.


Yes indeed.
Complete plant is clearly seen, which we often missed in the madness of close ups.

This tree was shot from Yamuna river bank, Panipat in March 2009, no fruits were seen at that time. The tree is not common in our area, found in arid, sandy tracts.


Fabaceae-Mimosoideae (Mimosaceae) Week: Acacia farnesiana:  Acacia farnesiana
Dev babhul . देव बाभूळ
Differs from Acacia nilotica by pods and its very fragrant flowers. Generally smaller than the latter.


a-KAY-see-uh or uh-KAY-shuh — from the Greek akis, meaning point, barb, thorny, spiny
far-nee-zee-AY-nuh — of the gardens of the Farnese Palace in Rome, built and named for Roman Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
  
Feb 26, 2011 … Bassein fort, Maharashtra
commonly known as: cassie flower, fragrant acacia, ironwood, mimosa bush, needle bush, sweet acacia, sweet wattle • Hindi: गुह बबूल guh baboool • Marathi: गुकीकर gukikar
Native of: tropical America; widely naturalized in tropics
References: Flowers of IndiaWikipediaNPGS / GRIN
more views: Feb 26, 2011 … Bassein fort, Maharashtra 


I think most likely this is the source of the Cassie perfume of yesteryear/ centuries I must say…
famous it was in its time, 150+ year old cosmetics books mention cassie perfume..


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Fabaceae-Mimosoideae (Mimosaceae) Week: Acacia farnesiana from Delhi: Acacia farnesiana (Linn.) Willd., Sp.Pl. 4:1083. 1806.

syn: Mimosa farnesiana Linn.
Common names: cassie, fragrant acacia, Popinac, ironwood, mimosa-bush, opopanax, prickly mimosa-bush, prickly moses, prickly-mimosa, scented wattle sweet acacia, sweet wattle, West Indian Blackthorn, sponge tree
Hindi: Vilayati Kikar, Vilayati Babul; Gu-Kikar
Much-branched shrub or small tree with zig-zag branches with pale brown dots; stipulat spines straight, up to 16 mm long; petiole with small gland near middle; pinnae 3-7 pairs, leaflets 12-20 pairs, linear-oblong, 3-5 mm long; flowers yellow, fragrant, in 1.5 cm across, globose heads occurring 1-3 together; corolla 2.5 mm long, 5-toothed; pod 5-8 cm long, tirgid, straight or slightly curved, brown; seeds numerous, up to 6 mm long.
Photographed from Herbal Garden, Punjabi Bagh, New Delhi flowering in February-March, fruits in April-May


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Fabaceae-Mimosoideae (Mimosaceae) Week :: Acacia farnesiana at Vasai:  Seen this Shrub at Vasai Fort, Maharashtra.
Bot. name: Acacia farnesiana  
Family: Mimosaceae
Date/Time: 26-02-2011 / 10:30AM
Habitat: Wild
Plant habit
: Shrub


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Acacia id please: I found this bush in a village near Jigani, karnataka. Flowers had a strange yet pleasant scent..

Id help appreciated.


It has to be Acacia farnesiana.
देव बाभूळ
The flowers are very similar to Acacia nilotica but the characteristic difference is the fragrance and the pods which are not flat but turgid and without the narrow grooves seen between the seeds as in Acacia nilotica pods .
I was also amazed when I saw the species first time similar to you.


I can see some typical pods in your pictures.


Another characteristic (not sure whether it’s diagnostic) feature of this species is a tiny (1-2 mm) red gland on the petiole. Will post the image of this gland in a separate thread.


Yes, beautiful catch of Acacia farnesiana.


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Acacia farnesiana @ Mumbai: Please also see thread


Excellent shot! especially the second one…


whoa, what the heck is this… looks like a land mine from sci-fi movie… only its growing on a tree.


very interesting picture of flower to fruit transformation. 


I can share with you … that I really enjoy observing this transformation, in fact there are many common fruits whose flowers I had never appreciated or was simply unaware of them until I got interested in flower watching.

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Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. from Kamrup district (Rural), Assam:   Attaching images of what looks likeAcacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. Please confirm the ID.

Date : 01/01/2013
Location: Kamrup district (Rural)

Family : Mimosaceae

Genus & species : Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.

Habitat: Grows wild on roadside.

Habit : Tree
Vern. Name : Torua-kadam (Assamese)
Flower : Yellow
Fruits : Not seen


Nice Set … This may be A farnesiana but no much thorns are seen on branches which is characteristic feature of this plant. Pls also check weather having any fragrance or not. Flowers of A farnesiana have fragrance.


Acacia farnesiana.
Family: Mimosaceae.
Good to know this is present in Assam too. The pods are characteristic. Thick swollen rather than flat and almost joint-less as against those of Acacia nilotica. The branches are somewhat zigzag as seen here and yes the unforgettable fragrance.

Called as Dev babhul देव बाभूल in Marathi.


Actually I had taken the sent images of the Acacia farnesiana in hurry which was my mistake. Sorry for that. But today I visited the same place and observed & found the following characterisic of the species as you said.
– Strong fragrance.
– Spine present (Images attached)


Yes. This makes the complete set!


This is the advantage of the forum. You or any other member can keep on adding/modifying information in the same thread. This helps in knowing the line of thinking….


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ANJUL10 Mimosaceae for ID- Acacia sp.? : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).
Bangalore
6th August 2014.

Short plant, about 6 feet in height.


Could this be a subspecies of Acacia nilotica?


This is Acacia farnesiana. A separate species.

It is called as देव बाभुळ 


Images by tspkumar

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TSPNOV2015-22: Images of Vachellia farnesiana : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6) 

It is my pleasure to share few images of Vachellia farnesiana (Fabaceae
Habit: Shrub
Habitat: Wild, by road side..
Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka about 900 msl.
Date: 20-07-2014, 20-11-2014, 04-01-2015 and 30-01-2015 

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SK962 05 FEB-2018 : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (8)
Location : Pashupati Temple Premises, Kathmandu
Elevation :  4500 ft.
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Wild.  ??

Yes to me also appear close to images at Vachellia farnesiana  


Nepali Names : गन्हाउने खयर Ganhaaune Khair / जैत Jait /  स्यानिमैनिं  Syaanimaini   


Superb pictures. For me the ID is correct. We have this plant in Mysore near by my house. It is a shrub. The flowers emit sweet smell and used in the preparation of French perfumes ..  


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SK1653 17 Dec 2018 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)- around 800 kb each. 
Location Pashupati, Kathmandu, Nepal
Elevation :  4500 ft.
Date  10 February 2018

Habit : Cultivated 

Which Fabaceae ..??

Pl. check comparative images at 

looks like Vachellia farnesiana

Thank you …!
Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn.
Nepali Names : गनाउने खयर Ganaaune Khayar / जैत Jait / स्यानिमैनी Syaanimainee 

Syn : Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.

via Species‎ > ‎V‎ > Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn. … family: Fabaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
vuh-KELL-lee-uh — named after the Rev. George Harvey Vachell, chaplain to the British East India CompanyWiktionary
far-nee-zee-AY-nuh — of the gardens of the Farnese Palace in Rome, built and named for Roman Cardinal Alessandro FarneseDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: cassie, fragrant acacia, ironwood, mimosa bush, needle bush, sponge tree, sweet acaciaAssamese: তৰুৱা কদম torua kadamBengali: বিলাতি বাবলা bilati babala, গুয়ে বাবলা guya babalaGujarati: તલબાવળ talbaval, ઝેરીબાવળ jheribavalHindi: दुर्गंध खैर durgandh khair, गंध बबूल gandh babul, गंधी बबूल gandhi babul, गूह बबूल guh babul, गुल बबूल gul babul, पस्सी बबूल passi babul, विलायती बबूल vilayati babulKachchhi: અતરીયો બાવર atariyo bavar, સુગંધી બાવર sugandhi bavarKannada: ಕರಿಕಸ್ತೂರಿ karikasturi, ಕಸ್ತೂರಿ ಗೊಬ್ಳಿ kasturi gobli, ಕಸ್ತೂರಿ ಜಾಲಿ ಮರ kasturi jali mara, ಕಿರಿಜಾಲಿ kirijali, ಪೀಕ್ಜಾಲಿ peekjali, ಸಣ್ಣ ಜಾಲಿ sanna jaliKonkani: ಕುಸ್ರಿ ಝಾಡ kusri jhaadMalayalam: കസ്തൂരിവേലം kasturivelam, പൌവേലം pevelamMarathi: देवबाभळ devbabhal, किंकर kinkaraNepali: गन्नाउने खयर gannaune khayar, जैत jaitOdia: ଅସିମେଦ asimeda, ବିଲାତି ବବୁର bilati babura, ବିଟ ଖଦିର bita khadira, ଗନ୍ଧଗୁହାରିଆ gandhaguharia, ଗୁଇଆ ବାବଲା guia babala, କୁଆବାବୁରି kuababuri, ସାରଖଦିର sarakhadiraPunjabi: ਅੰਬਰ ਰੁੱਖ ambar rukh, ਕਾਬਲੀ ਕਿੱਕਰ kabali kikkar, ਪਹਾਡ਼ੀ ਕਿੱਕਰ pahari kikkar, ਵਿਲਾਇਤੀ ਕਿੱਕਰ wilaiti kikkarSanskrit: अहिमार ahimara, अरिमेद arimeda, गिरिमेद girimeda, गोधास्कन्ध godhaskandha, कुष्ठारि kushthari, मरुद्रुम marudruma, पूतिमेद putimeda, विट्खदिर vitkhadiraSindhi: ولائتيِ ٻٻر vilayati baburuTamil: கஸ்தூரி kasturi, பீக்கருவேல் pi-k-karuvel, பீவேல் pi-velTelugu: అరిందము arinmaedamu, కంపు తుమ్మ kampu tumma, కస్తూరి తుమ్మ, kasthoori tumma, మురికి తుమ్మ muriki tumma, నాగ తుమ్మ naaga tumma, పీకే తుమ్మ peeke tumma, పియ్య తుమ్మ piyya tumma
botanical names: Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn. … synonyms: Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. • Acacia lenticellata F. Muell. • Acacia pedunculata Willd. • Farnesia odora Gasp. • Mimosa farnesiana L. • Mimosa suaveolens Salisb. • Popanax farnesiana (L.) Raf. … status at Wikipedia 
February 26, 2011 … Vasai Killa 


Kannada names and transliteration are correct. The plant is seen in open fields in Mysore.  Flowers are highly fragrant &  used in French perfume.


Thank you very much … for validating the Kannada names.
During compilation of names of this plant, I found that people of most regions seemed to have their own perspective of the scent emitted by the plant. Going through names, some names indicate fragrant plant, while some express it to be fetid !!
Perhaps, some aspect of the plant is fragrant and another fetid.

 



 
References:

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