Actephila excelsa (Dalzell) Müll.Arg., Linnaea 32: 78 1863. (Syn: Anomospermum excelsum Dalzell);

Small trees. Young stem, bracts and calyx lobes hispid without. Leaves 7-20 x 2-5 cm, lanceolate to oblanceolate, acute at apex, attenuate at base; petioles 0.5-1 cm long. Flowers axillary, clustered; male many, short-pedicelled; female 1-2, long-pedicelled. Male flowers: Pedicels 0.3-0.4 cm long. Calyx lobes 5, hairy without. Petals 5, smaller than calyx, white; disc lobed. Stamens 3-6, attached on the disc, filaments united to form a gonophore; pistillode present within gonophore. Female flowers: Pedicel 1-1.3 cm long. Ovary ovoid, 0.4-0.5 cm long, 0.3-0.4 cm diam, 3-celled; ovules 2 in each cell; styles 3, each again 2-fid to form 6-stigmatic lobes, lobes papillate. 
Flowering and fruiting: April-May
Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
(From India Biodiversity Portal on 5.1.14)



Euphorbiaceae for id 181010MK1: Please help to id this shrub.

Date/Time- 12-09-2010 / 03:00 PM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPca.400 asl; Dindigul dist; TN
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- wild
Plant Habit-shrub
Height/Length- not more than 2m in height
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- ca.10 X 3cm; linear-elliptic
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- 2.5cm across; 2 seeds 

Some Glochidion ?

hey it seems to be Actephila excelsa (Dalzell). in a hurry i wrote glochidion.

Why it semms … it is indeed Actephila excelsa 




Euphorbiaceae Fortnight ::Actephila excelsa from Sirumalai :: MK009 : Attachments (4). 6 posts by 5 authors.

Name: Actephila excelsa (Dalz.) Muell.-Arg.

Family: Euphorbiaceae
Date: August 2010
Alt.: 700 m asl
Place: Sirumalai, Dindigul dist., TN

This is the first posting of Actephila excelsa var. excelsa. Thanks for these photos.

You are sharing a large number of south Indian species unknown to many of us.


image by Tapas Chakraborty


Actephila excelsa (Phyllanthaceae) : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.

Collected this twig of Actephila excelsa (Dalzell) Müll.Arg. var. excelsa at Dhanikhari, South Andaman Island in edge of evergreen forest at low altitude. It is a common shrub there.



Actephila excelsa var. excelsa (Phyllanthaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Common shrubs all over Andaman Islands.



ID Please : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 2 Mb. 

please give the identity of this plant, a shrub (?) collected from Riparian vegetation of Kannur district of Kerala. It belongs to Euphorbiaceae probably.

Looks like Actephila excelsa. Male or female flowers?

No reply from your end!


ID 02 KANNUR : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)- 2 MB. 
Please identify this shrub from Kannur district of Kerala.

Seems to be Actephila excelsa.


We always come across specimens with hanging fruits on long pedicels. Here is the image of the male flowers of Actephila excels.




TQ-Arunachal-08 : 12 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)

Unidentified wild shrub, found blooming in May,

Pasighat, East-Siang distt, Arunachal Pradesh
Please identify

Any Baliospermum

Certainly looks from Euphorbiaceae/ Phyllanthaceae..

Thanks …! Looks like Baliospermum calycinum, with prominently stalked female flowers. 

However, capsules are supposed to be erect in Baliospermum calycinum, but they are pendulous in the present plant. The other choice could be Baliospermum solanifolium.

To me looks different from Baliospermum

= Actephila excelsa.

Oh yes! That’s the right ID! Thanks …

I am familiar with Balliospermum montanum. We call that Dandu in our dialect and use for treating ringworm. I had firm belief that this plant can not be Balliospermum. That’s why I had suggested the name of … 


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