Aesculus indica (Wall. ex Camb.) Hook., Bot. Mag. 85: t. 5117 1859. (syn: Pavia indica Wall. ex Cambess.; Pavia indica Royle; Pawia indica Kuntze);
Afghanistan (Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan), Pakistan (Baluchistan (I), Swat, Hazara, Dir, Chitral, Murree), Pakistani Kashmir, Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir), N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Meghalaya), Sikkim, Nepal, Burma (I), Bhutan, N-Thailand, Laos as per Catalogue of Life;
Horse Chestnut; Bankhor or Ban akhrot, Kashmir Handun;

Aesculus indica from Kashmir:
Aesculus indica, the horse chest nut, han dun or wan akhrot locally, a common plant in Kahmir. Photographed from Pahalgam, Kahmir.

Nice photo Sir, it is also known as ‘Pangar’ in Kumaoni Language in Uttarakhand


Aesculus indica : Horse chestnut : 171011 : AK-5:
Horse Chestnut or Aesculus indica from Pahalgam taken in Sept,11.


Flora of Nainital: Aesculus hippocastanum from Bhimtaal:
Aesculus hippocastanum from Bhimtal

It should be Aesculus indica.

Thanks for the correction Sir


Flora of Chakrata-2012: Horse chestnut in bloom:
This is the common horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum Sp. pl. 1:344. 1753, shot from cantonment area, Chakrata on May 16, 2012..

very common park and riverbank tree in NY and other NE states…
Very nice to see them here

Aesculus indica

Thanks Sir for correction


VoF Week: Aesculus indica from the way to Ghangriya:
Aesculus indica from the way to Ghangriya

Horse Chestnut from Sapindaceae.

Yes … Good photographs


Tree For ID : Uttarakhand : 110413 : AK-1 : Attachments (6). 9 posts by 5 authors.
Tree seen with tender leaves on way to Nainital on 23/3/13.
No flowers or fruits when picture was taken.
Id please.

New foliage of some Chestnut tree??

this was also my first reaction on seeing the pics..hope we have got this right..

Horse chestnut, Aesculus indica
and not chestnut, Castanea sativa

Aesculus indica (Hippocastanaceae).

I meant to say the samething. Horse Chestnut.


SK1100 22 APR-2018 : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)

Location:  Godawari, Nepal  
Date: 18 April 2018
Altitude: 5000 ft.
Habit: Wild 
Found under a big tree. I am not sure if flower and leaf belong to the same tree.

Flowers looking like those of Aesculus sp., but leaves do not

Thank you … I was guessing so.
Leaf may be from different tree.
Aesculus indica (Colebr. ex Cambess.) Hook.

Sir, can you post the pic of tree??

Sorry, I did not take the image of tree.
May be it is drifted from nearby.

Aesculus indica (Wall. ex Camb.) Hook.
in Shimla on 31 MAY 08


Sapindaceae fortnight :Aesculus indica at Himachal Pradesh ::PKA10: : : Attachments (3). 1 post by 1 author.
Sharing few photographs of Indian Horse Chestnut. (Bot. name: Aesculus indica ) shared by one of my friend (…)
Family: Sapindaceae



Celastraceae and Sapindaceae Fortnight:: Sapindaceae: Aesculus indica from Chakrata-NS 18: Attachments (6). 1 post by 1 author.
These shots of Aesculus indica, the horse chestnut.. were recorded from Chakrata (and Nainital)..
wanted to share these pics, this fortnight..

Sapindaceae Fortnight: Aesculus indica from Kashmir-GS21 : Attachments (2). 1 post by 1 author.
Aesculus indica, photographed from Pahalgam, Kashmir.

ID Request?? — en-route Shakati – GHNP – PKA88 : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)

Seen these fruits on the ground below a huge/tall tree.
Location: Near Shakati at GHNP (Altitude: approx. 2300m).
Date/Time: 30-09-2014 / 11:40AM

Habitat: Wild

The fruits belong to Walnut – Juglans regia, photographed at immature stage.

As the tall tree does not give any indication about the type of leaves & fruiting pattern, on second look, to me these can be the fruits of Aesculus indica.- Horse Cestnut.

Yes fruits look like Aesculus indica, but not the tree. It is a distant shot.

Aesculus has very old and very large trees in hill ravines and can not be photographed without powerful zoom lens.

HP, Oct 2014 :: Requesting ID – Huge tree :: ARKNOV-71 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Requesting to please provide ID of this huge tree captured at Solang, Manali, HP in October 2014.
Is this Aesculus indicus?

Aesculus indicaHorse Chestnut, Kanor, Khanor, Kutakhar.

Thank you … for the confirmation.
Attaching some more pics from Mcleodganj which I think are also A. indica.
Attachments (4)

Aesculus indica Colebr. SN15April 12 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Aesculus indica Colebr., cultivated tree from Ooty Botanical garden

Need help identifying these 2 trees, seen in April, on the banks of Sattal lake, Uttarakhand : 5 posts by 4 authors. 1 correct image as above.

1 c
Wild guess for second photo:- Falconeria?

First I hope Aesculus indica
Second yes Faconeria insignis (syn: Sapium insigne)


Aesculus indica (Colebr. ex Cambess.) Hook. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Sharing some pictures I guess is Aesculus indica (Colebr. ex Cambess.) Hook. shot at  Kathmandu Nepal on 3 May 2016 at 4500 ft.

at TATA garden, Lonavala– Jan’10?; Nishat Garden, Srinagar on 16-6-2010; near Badrinath Uttarakhand- 14.7.10;

To share 200810 ET – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Aesculus indica from Kashmir – efloraofindia | Google Groups
ID20012010phk 1 – efloraofindia | Google Groups

aesculus indica : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Aesculus indica
we saw this at Makku and Sari vilages Uttarakhand
at an altitude of about 6,500 feet
in the first week of may 2018

perfect pictures with appropriate details. appreciate it. thank you.
now if you happen to be in area three or four months later, we can see the fruits and inside nuts in its own habitat and that would be lovely.
grows widespread in USA all over
see map on page 2: IFAS
A few years ago I saw it in Queen Elizabeth’s own gardens esp Sandringham’s vast land holdings with manicured lawns
So this tree has indeed traveled far over northern hemisphere

i seriously doubt i will be back so soon. would be fun though. thank you for the additional information


Indian Horse Chestnut/ABDEC04 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
This tall and majestic tree is sheds its leaves early winter. Though not very common, there are a few specimens around Mcleodganj.
Indian Horse ChestnutAesculus indica
Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
1750m approx.
03 December, 2014

Thanks for sharing. The classical palmately compound leaves are seen so nicely spread out that it must be providing very good shade.

Thank you … In full summer foliage it does have a lush canopy.

The plant is Aesculus indica

After being bare for winter months, these trees are coming alive once again.

wait till till flowers
a delight
a nice lifestory will unfold before your eyes

Here are the flowers finally. 21 May 2015
2 images.

Wonderful and the two fluttering butterflies I think in the top picture !!!
the entire neighborhood lights up it seems and from distance its spectacular too.
Loved seeing the closeups. Now we wait for the fruits. well done

Thank you …. Pioneers and Blackveins butterflies are attracted most to this flower. And the spots in the photograph are almost certainly these.
I had photographed the fruits last year too but that was before I joined this group.

so. we wait in anticipation for the coming end of summer for green and then in coldish fall season browning fruits

This is the kind of vision that gave rise to children’s fantasy tales…  fairy of the flowers
there are many such stories and books
peruse amazon for them you’ll be amazed
I have circled the one I mean in your second picture. see what i mean
it looks like a fairy sitting with profile of the face complete with a pixie nose, eyes and a red flower above her left ear… and there are several in different postures in this one inflorescence…
you just have to look…
this is screen clipping from the original picture

This is fantastic. I would have never spotted this. I will send a better resolution file with this crop soon.
Are there any stories we know specifically related to this tree/flower?

Aesculus indica – I came across several flowering trees near Gulmarg (Kashmir). The trees profusely flower in May-June. Thanks for sharing good photos.

The fruits are forming on these handsome trees and I thought of sharing a photo. 1 image.

Tree for Id – ID26112019SH2 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 1 mb.
Tree for id pl. Local people call this ‘पांगर’ tree.
Location – Chopta (Uttarakhand)
Date – November 2019

not knowing Indian names i searched
found it that pangar is horse chestnut of indian subcontinent
do you have original picture that you can show us enlarged section showing the leaves

Sorry … I have all the pictures taken from a far distance. Posting one more pic.
Attachments (1)- 1 mb.

…, I checked Horse Chestnut tree (Aesculus indica) tree on Google and in some of the pics, the dried leaves looked similar. May be its a Fall season colour ?


Aesculus indica from Srinagar Kashmir-GS20062022-3: 7 very high res. images.
Aesculus indica photographed from Hazuribagh, Srinagar, Kashmir, 31-5-2012

Horse chestnut tree….. It can be used as avenue tree and medicinal tree.


Aesculus indica (Colebr. ex Cambess.) Hook.: 7 high res. images.

Location: Phaliyaghar, Burtibang, , Baglung, Nepal 
Date: 31 May 2023
Elevation: 2600 m.

Habit : Wild


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