Keys as per Flora of Bhutan:
1. Rather weak-stemmed almost glabrous plant, usually scrambling; umbels with slender rays 2—5.5cm long ..  . . . . .. 1. A. sikkimensis
+ Large, sturdy erect plants; at least inflorescence branches pubescent; umbels with stout rays up to 15cm . . . . . . . . .. 2
2. Leaflets with distinct petiolule, glabrous below; petiole wings of upper leaves not greatly enlarged . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2. A. nubigena
+ Leaflets usually decurrent along leaf rachis, densely puberulent on the veins below; petiole wings of upper leaves greatly enlarged often 6-11 cm broad ………..  3. A. cyclocarpa


Angelica archangelica subsp. himalaica (C. B. Cl.) G. Singh & G. M. Oza 

(Images by Dinesh Valke (Validated by Umesh Tiwari, Gurcharan Singh & Tabish), Balkar Singh, Prashant Awale (Id by Dinesh Valke) & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images, click on the links)) 



Angelica species in India:

  1. Angelica archangelica L.
  2. A. cyclocarpa (C.Norman) Cannon
  3. A. glauca Edgew.
  4. A. harae  Pimenov [synonym of Arcuatopterus harae (Pimenov) Pimenov & Ostr.]
  5. A. indica Pimenov & Kljuykov
  6. A. nubigena (C.B.Clarke) P.K.Mukh.
  7. Angelica oreada (Diels) M.Hiroe
  8. A. polymorpha Maxim (cultivated)


  1. Karthikeyan, S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthy, S. 2009. Flowering Plants of India, Dicotyledons, vol-I (Acanthaceae- Avicenniaceae). Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. pp. 100.
  2. eFI page



Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Angelica glauca Angelica nuristanica Apiaceae Smooth Angelica
Angelica oreada Angelica officinalis var. himalaica, Angelica archangelica subsp. himalaica, Angelica archangelica var. himalaica Apiaceae Mountain Angelica

Angelica archangelica var. himalaica (Clarke) E. Nasir, comb. nov. (Himalayas in India and Pakistan, USSR, Europe) (syn. of Angelica oreada)
Angelica glauca Edgew. (Afghanistan, Himalayas in India and W. Pakistan)

Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (Distribution):
Angelica archangelica L. (Widely distributed around the world as a result of cultivation for medicinal and flavouring purposes)
Angelica harae Pimenov (No distribution given)
Angelica nubigena (C. B. Clarke) P. K. Mukh. (No distribution given)

Some species found in India with description & keys from Flora of China (Distribution other than China):
Angelica glauca Edgeworth  [Afghanistan, NW India, Pakistan].

World Spice Plants: Economic Usage, Botany, Taxonomy By Johannes Seidemann (2005)- details-

Encyclopaedia of World Medicinal Plants, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-

Angelica : 1 post by 1 author
I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Angelica (Pl. click).
Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.
Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.
If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


Pl. go through Angelica page (‎‎‎Apiaceae) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.
If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


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