Anogeissus acuminata (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Guill. & Perr.,  A. Guillemin et al., Fl. Seneg. tent. 1:280. 1832 (N. Wallich, Numer. List 142, no. 4014. 1831, nom. inval.) (Syn: (=) Anogeissus pendula Edgew.; (≡) Conocarpus acuminatus Roxb. ex DC. (basionym)) as per GRIN ;
Buttontree • Hindi: Dhau, Dhoy, धौरा Dhaura • Tamil: நுந்நெரா Nunnera • Malayalam: Panchman, Vekkali • Bengali: Itchri • Telugu: Pasi Chettu, Pedda Manu, Bu-Chakaram • Urdu: Pasi; 
The branches are pendulous, leaves are acuminate and 5-7 nerved and the peduncles are not branched. These characters lead to A. acuminata.
The other A. latifolia would have had branches not pendulous, leaves obtuse and 6-10 nerved, peduncles branched.
The key character says that for A. acuminata beak shorter than the nucleus of the fruit which is apparent in the picture.


Species id 211210 DKV 1: Location: Sanchi, Dist Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Am fairly sure it is not Bor. This was clicked near Stupa 2 at Sanchi. The guard on duty there told me that they do not eat the fruit.


Request Species Id DKV 211210-2: Dec 18 2010. Clicked while descending from Stupa 1 to Stupa 2 at Sanchi, Dist Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh.

This is also the same tree Anogeissus pendula, but heavily browsed and lopped for fuel wood.


Anogeissus acuminata in Chennai.: The tall tree with its graceful pendulous branches stands in the maternity
hospital where I worked for about 6 years ages ago. Today, for the first time I have noted that the branches are laden with fruit.

looking at the pendulous branches of tree, it is A. acuminata. Other variety i.e.  A. latifolia is observed in SGNP, Borivli N. park with straight growing trunk & patches on trunk.

– I think what is seen from your pictures are dried fruits with seeds enclosed in it. The flowers clearly show the stamens and anthers which I couldn’t find from your pictures.


16022012 BS-1 Large Shrub for id from Maihar MP:

Large Shrub for id from Maihar MP
growing wildly all around Maihar in forest area
Photo Shot on 15-1-12
Flower were not seen. Fruits looks aggregate and was about 1.5-2 cm

Leaves simple about 2 cm. Only few leaves were there

Pls id

This is Dhauk / Dhonk [Anogeissus pendula].

I think this is Anogeissus latifolia
a smaller tree than A.pendula and the seeds are different too.

The shrub in question here is Dhauk / Dhonk [Anogeissus pendula] which is a small tree. A.latifolia is a large deciduous tree and the leaves are also much larger. Have plenty of them on my property at Shahapur.

Have just returned from Ranthambore, where the dominant species is Dhauk. Have also brought a sapling to plant on my property.

Sending a few photographs.

Yes, Anogeissus pendula indeed..


Tree for ID: 090313BM1 :  4 images. 5 posts by 4 authors.

Please help ID this tree. Growing in Ludhiana, never seen blooming as it has been headed back frequently.
Seems like Anogeissus pendula – just a guess.

Is it Terminalia arjuna?

definitely not Terminalia arjuna.

Yes, it looks like Anogeissus pendula to me too.


Anogeissus acuminata : 6 images. 8 posts by 3 authors. I think the tree in the picture is Anogeissus acuminata syn. Anogeissus pendula
Please validate.


4th Feb 2010 2:30pm

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-

Pune University campus. Near signal

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-


Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb




Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-


Inflorescence Type/ Size-

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-


… this one look more like it is Anogeissus latifolia ( Roxb. ex DC.). I had earlier posted pics of the this tree fruits seen on Aarey road, Mumbai. Flora of Maharashtra Vol II description fits in well with the leaves and fruits. The main characteristics of the leaves being prominent mid rib, main nerves 6-10, arching prominent on the lower side. Leaves size is 6-10 by 3-5 cm, alternate or subopposite, elliptic or oblong elliptic, obtuse or very often shortly cuspidate, glabrous when fully grown, pale dull glacous green, base usually rounded. It is seen in Pune.

The branches are pendulous, leaves are acuminate and 5-7 nerved and the peduncles are not branched. These characters lead to A. acuminata.
The other A. latifolia would have had branches not pendulous, leaves obtuse and 6-10 nerved, peduncles branched.
The key character says that for A. acuminata beak shorter than the nucleus of the fruit which is apparent in the picture.

… there is still some discrepancy in the precise species name. Dr. Almeida’s Flora of Mah. Vol II mentions only three Species of Anogeissus :
1) Anogeissus latifolia (Roxb. ex DC.) ( common names : Dhavda, Dhaura, Dabria, Dhamora) whose variation in leaf shape I have described in my earlier mail. The variation in leaf shape can be seen in … posting of the tree 1st and 4th pic too. Distribution of this species is wide.
2) Anogeissus myrtifolia Wall. ex Royle. Earlier in Flora of British India Anogeissus pendula Edgeworth. ( common names Dhao, Dhankra, Kardahi). Here the fruit description is subquadrate, ultimately glabrous, the beak less than half the length of the nucleus. Distribution in Mumbai gardens.
3) Anogeissus sericea : Flora of British Inda A. latifolia var. parviflora. This one is a middle sized tree, branches clothed with silky pubescence. Distribution: Khandala.
In Trees of Delhi two species are mentioned: 1) Anogeissus pendula (Dhau) 2) Anogeissus acuminata (Chakwa).

If this tree is A. acuminata than it is not A. pendula as per above references.
If this tree is A. pendula than it’s current name as per Flora of Mah. is A. myrtifolia.
Also request to provide refereance for A. acuminta since the books in I have there is no mention of the speices A. acuminata. I also refered P. V. Bole’s Field guide wherein only A. latifolia wall. is mentioned. Thank you and sorry to sound unconvinced about the id yet ! 

A. acuminata (Roxb. ex DC) Guill. & Perr. (syn. A. pendula Edgew.)
Trees of Delhi and Flora of Maha follow a system of their own, pls do not look upon this as a discrepancy. I have followed BSI’s flora.

Thank you for the reference… This is a surprising variation for me in two major source of reference for Flora of Mah.

Images by Bhagyashri Ranade


Mar 2013

requesting identification of this huge tree along Bund garden Road at Pune. It is flowering profusely at present. From a distance the flowers appear yellow-green-brown. leaves appear to be alternate but I may be wrong. no fruits were seen. This was the only tree among other trees along the road

Sorry I forgot to mention that the branches were long and drooping

i think this isAnogeissus dhofarica

I would rather go with Anogeissus pendula or A. Sericea (Mahadhavda in Marathi) which is native and is flowering at some other places in Pune now.

Many thanks … for the Id and the name in Marathi.

Yesterday I found your previous post “Anogeissus for ID” 
where … has mentioned the differences as follows The leaves of A.myrtifolia [A.pendula] are 2-4 by 0.9-1.5 cms and the flowers are in small globose heads 6mm across [whereas in A.serica it is 1-2 cms in diameter].
I went back to the same place and could barely photograph the tip of a branch and take the measurment which is as follows
leaves 4cm X 2cm
flowers green globose head 1cm; full flower 2cm

Attaching pictures of the same

… could be right. This could be Anogeissus dhofarica [though I have never seen it]. This does not look like either A.acuminata [A.pendula] or A. sericea [A.rotundifolia] to me.

My photographs of A.acuminata are available in the archives of this group. Please also check these links
Am sending photographs of A.sericea [A.rotundifolia] for comparison in a separate mail.

On a second look at the pictures on facebook, this doesn’t look similar to Anogeissus sericea. Clear pictures are needed to go closer to ID.

Thank you for your feed back. I will see if it is possible to get clear pictures. I forgot to mention yesterday that the leaves were soft to touch, also some leaves appeared to be bigger than 4cms in length but I could not actually measure them as were higher up. Also alternate leaves appeared to differ in size one small and one big. The leaves appeared to have a undulatory margin at places.

more pics of the tree with additional dimensions Young leaves silvery, smooth and soft hairy underneath Longest leaf 7.3 cmx 3cm Petiole 3mm long Peduncle 18 mm ? bracts seen Inflorescence head 1cm, including flowers about 18-19m axillary, terminal, solitary and also with 2 heads at places Calyx stalk 5mm appears hairy– may be I am wrong. Can this be Anogeissus acuminata var. acuminata ?


A Revision of Anogeissus (Combretaceae)

A. J. Scott

Kew Bulletin
Vol. 33, No. 4 (1979), pp. 555-566
Published by: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Article Stable URL:

Whatever I could grasp to my ability from this ref I thought about this Id. My kind request to please validate the Id

A reply from another thread:

I also agree with you on your another post – efi thread.”


Crassulaceae, Combretaceae and Myrtaceae Fortnight: Combretaceae- Anogeissus pendula at Mumbai -PKA-DEC22:: : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2).

This one was also photographed at Sagar upwan, Mumbai in the month of May.
Its a tall tree around 15m high.
Bot. name: Anogeissus pendula, (Combretaceae Family).
These are the only pics of this tree available with me.

Anogeissus acuminata (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Guill. & Perr.

Tree photographed from Sunder Nursery in Delhi

Very beautiful Photograph uploaded, The genus is confusing

May be your plant resembles to Anogeissus pendula

Attached are pictures of Anogeissus acuminata captured at Sagar Upvan, Mumbai in February 2013.
We were not expecting to see it (not part of our Tree Walk). 
It was a beautiful sight, the tree being completely laden with flowers.

Requested to please validate the ID.

Yes, it is Anogeissus acuminata.


At Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai.

Yet to see the flowers.


Anogeissus sericea – indiantreepix | Google Groups : These flowers were shot today 11th March2008 in Kothrud area Pune, Maharashtra.

I think it is Anogeissus sericea from combrataceae family….. Opinions

I think Anogeissus acuminata only.

Anogeissus sericea var. sericea.

Thanks, … But the images at Anogeissus sericea seem to look different.

When some closely related species are involved, as in the present case, it is indeed difficult to determine the species and their varieties with accuracy without measurements and nature of indumentum especially in Anogeissus.

At Nagpur-Saoner Road near a place called ‘Waki” i came across this tree. Profuse flowering. Flowers were Globuse- green coloured and tree was very tall.
(Sorry to say that photos are not upto the mark, lacks clarity..)

Date: First week of March.
This could be Anoeigesus sericea?? but its bit difficult to ID with these existing pics..

efi page on Anogeissus sericea  

Very difficult to say.

It appears to be Anogeissus acuminata as per comparative images at Anogeissus

To begin with, I would rather try to know the family and they would proceed for generic identity.

I too have difficulty in differentiating between Anogeissus pendula and Anogeissus sericea. Above tree is one of them.


Tree for Id- ID03042017SH1 : 11 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)

Tree for Id pl. Tree being very tall couldn’t get proper pictures
Location – BPT Garden (Sagar Upvan), Colaba, Mumbai
Date- 10.03.2017

The images are faint.  Any suggestion to start with?

Not too sure but could be Anogeissus acuminata of Combretaceae.

As I have seen this tree in the same garden.

Oh Yes …, this can be Anogeissus acuminata – it’s known as ‘धावडा’ in Marathi.

Can you pl. guide me to differentiate between Anogeissus acuminata (महाधावडा) and Anogeissus latifolia (धावडा) ? I have read that Anogeissus acuminata  is comparatively a rare tree while Anogeissus latifolia is found everywhere. I have checked the flower images of both the species in one of the books along with a third species Anogeissus sericea (रेशीमधावडा) but can’t differentiate any thing. May be because of poor picture quality. But any other character to throw light ?

There is only one workable key available to the Anogeissus species in India which I prepared long back. Please try this key.

Key to the species of Anogeissus in India


Leaves 4-18 x 2-8 cm; heads in racemes     2. A. latifolia


Leaves smaller and especially narrower (0.8-7 x 0.5-3 cm); heads solitary      2                           


Calyx tomentose outside  3. A. sericea


Calyx entirely glabrous or pubescent only on the tube (i. e. calyx cup glabrous) 

    1. A. acuminata

Key to the varieties of Anogeissus acuminata


Calyx entirely glabrous                                                                                                   2


Calyx tube including ovary pubescent                                                                             3


Leaves obovate or elliptic-obovate                                                  b. var. fischeri


Leaves narrowly lanceolate                                                       c. var. phillyreifolia, p. p.


Calyx tube including ovary tomentose                                      a. var. acuminata


Calyx tube including ovary sparsely pubescent                       c. var. phillyreifolia, p. p.

Key to the varieties of A. sericea


Leaves (1.5-)2-5.5 cm long; bracts (3-)6-15 mm long, subpersistent   a. var. sericea


Leaves 0.8-2 cm long; bracts 2-5 mm long, deciduous               b. var. nummularia

I am no expert on trees.

I had suggested the id as this tree was shown in Sagar Upvan during one of the Tree Appreciation Walks sometime back.


Anogeissus sp. FOR ID :: Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park :: 24 OCT 18 :

21 posts by 4 authors.

Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park  Jodhpur

Date: October 24, 2018 … Altitude: about 300 m (980 feet) asl
Anogeissus ¿ acuminata / latifolia ?  
Dear friends,
Please help me with validating the species of this Anogeissus, whether acuminata OR latifolia.

Thanks … I too think it could be acuminata; leaves of latifolia are rather large.
Let us wait for validating comments.

Anogeissus acuminata.

I was going through internet again to check the distribution of acuminata VS pendula. I would like you reconsider the ID as Anogeissus pendula.

Please look at the attachment. Here you have the keys to the species and varieties.
Now please decide yourself.
Attachments (1) – 5 Mb- Anogeissus – extract.pdf

Thank you very much …, for the keys to Anogeissus species.
Somehow these keys do not show species found in Rajasthan – Anogeissus pendula and Anogeissus sericea var. nummularia.
Here is one document in JSTOR …
Scott, A. (1979). A Revision of Anogeissus (Combretaceae). Kew Bulletin, 33(4), 555-566. doi:10.2307/4109799

There is lot of confusion about these in the literature. Pl. see discussions at Anogeissus acuminata
I have earlier considered at efi page based on GRIN (link of which may not be working now) as below:
Anogeissus acuminata (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Guill. & Perr.,  A. Guillemin et al., Fl. Seneg. tent. 1:280. 1832 (N. Wallich, Numer. List 142, no. 4014. 1831, nom. inval.) (Syn: (=) Anogeissus pendula Edgew.; (≡) Conocarpus acuminatus Roxb. ex DC. (basionym)) as per GRIN;
Though Catalogue of Life consider both these species as different.

Can we have keys from your JSTOR Link as I am unable to see these ?

… attachment also agrees with GRIN in mentioning Anogeissus pendula Edgew. as a syn. of Anogeissus acuminata (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Guill. & Perr. and also gives details of Anogeissus sericea var. nummularia along with keys.
How much relevant is JSTOR publication of 1979 now ?

Thanks … Indeed there is much confusion among Anogeissus spp. and their synonymies.
In some regional flora (of north-west) I could see A. pendula as a distinct species, and thus went on to label my photos.
But after … provided extracts from his study and work, I would go with A. pendula as synonym of A. acuminata and label them accordingly.

I am not sure of JSTOR link; I have not given any link that I remember.

Thanks, …, Pl. see your earlier reply in this thread:

“Thank you very much Tapas ji, for the keys to Anogeissus species.

Somehow these keys do not show species found in Rajasthan – Anogeissus pendula and Anogeissus sericea var. nummularia.
Here is one document in JSTOR …

Scott, A. (1979). A Revision of Anogeissus (Combretaceae). Kew Bulletin, 33(4), 555-566. doi:10.2307/4109799

Please follow my paper on Combretaceae based on herbarium studies. This is the only authentic publication on Combretaceae in India available so far.

Thanks … for pointing to JSTOR link which I had cited (however I completely forgot).
That link allows to read the document without any charges (one has to login either via Google account OR JSTOR account).
I have created a JSTOR account – it allows viewing / reading 5 documents per month – I think only if they are classified for free reading.
Such papers are not downloadable.
In any case, … paper on Combretaceae (in context of Indian subcontinent) has taken into account the “A Revision of Anogeissus (Combretaceae) by A. J. Scott”.

Thus I am going with A. pendula as synonym of A. acuminata … I have already labelled the pictures of posted plant accordingly.

I still agree that A. pendula is a synonym.


Smiriti van, Jaipur-18/9/2007; 4th Feb 2010 2:30pm- Pune University campus, Near signal; Anogeissus pendula from Ranthombor – NSD 68 – indiantreepix | Google Groups Nonissue pendula – indiantreepix | Google Groups Anogeissus acuminata – efloraofindia | Google Groups


Pls help in identifying this plant 06 : 9 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3) – around 700 kb each.

Not sure if it is a shrub or tree.
It was planted as part of an ayurvedic garden.
It was planted 4 years back. ain’t growing well due to shade of nearby trees.
I have not yet seen fruits or flowers on it.
The soil in which it is growing is black soil.

Growing in Govardhan Eco Village (110km north of Mumbai)

Resembles Anogeissus acuminata, Combretaceae member not sure for sp. check you too properly

Thank you sir for quick response.

I have posted high res closeup photo of leaf where the leaves have furry surface resembling velvet, if you closely.

That’s why i think it might not be Anogeissus acuminata.

Sorry it is not Anogeissus genus, this plant is hairy; Anogeissus is glabrous/glabrascent.

Sorry, ma’am, I am opposing your words and adding my observation here look in to once please,
Anogeissus acuminata when it young stage densely tomentose and has long hairs too on leaves and even branches also and often mature glabrous, we can’t see a single hair on a mature leaf,
Attachments (2)

Interesting conversation!

Would anybody like to have pictures of any other part of the plant. like bark, stem etc. The plant has not yet flowered in its 3 year life.

Also, aren’t the tips of Anogeissus acuminata pointed whereas the plant I posted has round tip?

…, if possible you can post more than this info. any other views of Habit and others, …

Anogeissus acuminata

I also think Anogeissus acuminata (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Guill. & Perr.  as per comparative images at Anogeissus


Need id assistance of JNU Campus Plant010515SP1-4 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

I need id assistance of following images belong to
Locality: JNU New Campus

Habit: small tree

Anogeissus pendula


MS,July, 2021/01 Anogessus sp. for id.: 1 image.
Location : Lengpui road

Date : 06-03-2012
Habit : Tree
Habitat : Wild

I think Anogeissus acuminata (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Guill. & Perr. as per comparative images at Anogeissus

The identification seems correct but Anogeissus is now a synonym of Terminalia.


Tree for identification_Kamshet_Pune: 3 images.
kindly help in identification of this tree.
Is this Lagerstroemia sp.?
Observation Date- 1.11.21
Location- Kusgaon, Kamshet, Pune
Habitat- Wild
Plant Habit- Tree
Height-40 feet appx
Inflorescence or fruits not observed

Flowers? Fruit? Looks difficult !

It’s Terminalia phillyreifolia (=Anogeissus acuminata) ma’am,

Ohh I never heard of Terminalia phillyreifolia.
Research says flowering in Feb-March. I will keep an eye on it.