Artocarpus hirsutus Lam., Encycl. 3: 211 1789. (Syn: Artocarpus pubescens Willd.; Saccus hirsutus Kuntze (Unresolved));
Hebbalasu, Kadu halasu; 

Images by Raghu Ananth  (Inserted by J.M.Garg)


Local name: Hebbalasu, Kadu halasu
Scientific:  Artocarpus hirsuta
Location: Enekal reserve forest,  Kukke
Date: Mar 2009
Palm sized fruit, looks very similar to common jack fruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), mostly eaten by birds and mammals, Bark with no branches till 40-50 feet from ground, fruits were found at that height and some of them are found falling in this season.
Please check this link for details on this trees’s  habitat, comparison with jack fruit, distribution, characteristics etc..

cannot see the fruit clearly but from your description could it be bread fruit?

Thanks, …, for the feedback.
If you mean Artocarpus incisa or Monstera deliciosa by bread fruit- I think there leaves are quite different than the one posted by …

Here is a link for Artocarpus hirsuta with lots of pictures & details:

The leaves are not that of bread fruit.
Moreover, I am yet to see a bread fruit of that colour.

Saw a fruit in the large tree of Artocarpus lacucha Buch.- Ham. at Aanashi WLS, Karnataka in the  last week of April,’10.

I think it appears more like Artocarpus hirsutus.
The syncarp is spiny whereas in A.lakoocha it is smooth velvety.
Let us wait for others comments.
Recently I have noticed that Almeida’s flora appears to be more descriptive and there are certain differences between it and the BSI Mah flora which I have.
You must have checked with Almeida’s what does it say about the key related to this?

As per Dr. Almeida’s flora the fruit size of A. hirsutus is of a lemon. ” ..echinate, the spines (free apices of anthocarps) about 6 mm long, cylindric, straight, hispid, perforate at the apex for the filiform style, edible. Seeds 1-2 cm long ovoid.”
The fruits of A.lacucha are “5-8 cm in diameter, lobulate, smooth, velvety, yellow, edible. Seeds oblong few, broad, about 1 cm across”. Hence the Pics posted are of A. lacucha only.

any way in Malayalam it is know as ayanichakka or anjilichakka and it is very sweet and tasty to eat.
In child hood, we were spend lots of time with these trees.

I think this is Artocarpus gomezianus Wall. ex Trecul.  and there are varieties like var. lakoocha, var. gomezianus
and a sub species- ssp. zeylanicus Jarrett .

So the plant from … may be var. gomezianus. i think.

The pictures of the fruits you posted do not look smooth, velvety, yellow. They look green, echinate spiny? FOI site shows some different pictures which match the description of Almeida

Thanks for further information. I am not able to access the FOI link or the main website. There have been two other feedbacks : Dr. Kunhikannan has indicated my pics are of A. hirsutus and … has indicated species of A.gometzianus.
According to me the size and shape of fruit does not match A. hirsutus. But it could be the one suggested by … One more aspect to note is I have gone by the separate species A. lacucha Buch. – Ham earlier known as A. lakoocha per Dr. Almeida’s flora.
Dr Almeida’s flora also has Artocarpus gomezianus Wall. ex Trecul earlier known by the three names as follows : A. lakoocha Roxb. var. gomeziana Wall. ex  Trimen, A. gomezianus Worthington and A. lakoocha auct. (non. Roxb. 1832). Here the description is ” syncarp 2-3 cm wide, sub-globose, green, later turning orange. ” Will await your comments.

And in Flora of Kolhapurdistrict (p.447) by Dr. S. R. Yadav and Sardesai, the classification is like this-

Leaves broadly ovate, grey pubescen beneath, fruits smooth, seeds compressed-
                                      Artocarpus gomezianus Wall. ex Trecul  subsp. zeylanicus Jarrett.
Leaves oblong,  rusty tomentose beneath, fruits smooth, seeds globose–
                                      Artocarpus lakoocha  Roxb.
I hope, … plant matches with the first one,
Artocarpus gomezianus Wall. ex Trecul  subsp. zeylanicus Jarrett.

Lets see for the further discussion…

To me also it looks like Artocarpus hirsutus only. The fruits are echinate and not smooth. (About 10-15 cm across in size?) As … said, the inner pulp (perianth) is very sweet and edible. Its generally reserved by monkeys in the forest. It is a Red Listed medicinal plant by the way.

Thank you … for the ID and info. with regards to this species being a red. listed medicinal plant.  Shall await a consensus on the final ID.

I would go with A. hirsutus

All photographs (3) belongs to Artocarpus hirsutus Lam. There is no doubt about it. The only reason is that the fruits are echinate (spiny) and not smooth like that of A. lacucha and A. gomezianus and is a dominant species in Kerala.

Ok, so it is A. hirsutus Lam. Thanks a lot to… for the final ID.




ID request 250211 RV 1: Please Identify this huge tree I saw on the outskirts of Cochin, Kerala on our way towards Thathekad Bird sanctuary in ernakulam district on 22nd Jan,2011.

– This is Artocarpus hirsutus – called Wild Jack [Wild Jackfruit tree]. Its fruit is very sweet.

– The tree posted is Artocapus hirsutus Lam. of Moraceae. This is not Neolamarckia sp. for sure, as it lacks inter-petiolar stipules (a characteristic feature of Rubiaceae).
Common in Kanniyakumari district (Southern Western Ghats) of TN. Tamil names: Anjili, Aiyini, Kattuppala

– In Malayalam – Ayani maram, Aini maram , Anjili maram  (maram means tree) and the fruit is very sweet and tasty and it may vary with the trees

– Like many members of Moraceae, this has leafy stipule like bud.


there no chance to catch photograph clearly. so i have captured photo of fallen leaves. seeds are small than our regular artocarpus heterophyllus. please id the plant. trees are very huge above 30 m. in sacred groove. it is captured in deo

I think you are correct about this tree being Artocarpus hirsutus
I believe that you have photographed this tree somewhere from Southern India

Yes this is Artocarpus hirsutus Lam. of Moraceae family.


Artocarpus hirsutus :  Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author. One year old Wild Jack Tree.

ANMAR36/59 Artocarpus hirsutus : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)

We came across a group of lion tailed macacques munching on these fruits high up in the trees and found some fallen, so we decided to taste it ourselves. The fruit is deliciously sour and juicy.
Family: Moraceae
Date: 21st March 2015
Place: Aralam WLS, Kerala
Habit: Tree
Habitat: Evergreen

I think yes.


Images by tspkumar



TSP-MAY2016-23-353:Images of Artocarpus hirsutus (Moraceae) : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)

It is my pleasure to present few images of Artocarpus hirsutus (Moraceae 

Habit: Tree 

Habitat: Wild, evergreen forest 

Sighting: Mudigere, Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl 

Date: 11-02-2016

Biodiversity portal says its a wild jackfruit.. i.e. kathal.. others call it miniature jackfruit. interesting. i wonder if its eaten by local folks?

It is sour and slimy. Not eaten by humans on a regular basis and not marketed either. Langurs and birds relish this fruit. But who knows some people have a liking to what that is not easily available…!

Thank you …, There are many Artocarpus hirsutus trees near my home all of which are full of fruits now. used to be a very common tree in most of the compounds in Kerala.

…, children do eat the fruits though it is not tasty as jack fruit. But the tastiest part is the seed. 

The seeds when roasted is very tasty and can be eaten like roasted peanuts. But children are warned not to eat too many as it could cause stomach ache!!


Artocarpus hirsutus Lam. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)- 1 mb.
Artocarpus hirsutus Lam.(MORACEAE)
Photo from Palode, Kerala

fruit of Artocarpus hirsutus
1 image. I attached an image of Artocarpus hirsutus fruit taken from the Edible Fruit Plant Conservatory , JNTBGRI, Palode


Moraceae: Artocarpus hirsutus Lam: 1 image.
synonym: Artocarpus pubescens Willd.
location/date: University of Agricultural Sciences campus, Bangalore, July 1997



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