Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. (Images by Prashant Awale & Sushant More (3), Identified/  Validated by (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Avicennia officinalis L. (Images by Prashant Awale & Alka Khare, Identified/  Validated by (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Avicennia species in India:

  1. Avicennia alba Blume
  2. A. marina (Forssk.) Vierh. [vars. marina; acutissima Stapf &
    Moldenke ex Moldenke]
  3. A. officinalis L.


  1. Karthikeyan,
    S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthy, S. 2009. Flowering Plants of India, Dicotyledons,
    vol-I (Acanthaceae- Avicenniaceae). Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. pp.299.
  2. eFI page



Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Avicennia marina Sceura marina Acanthaceae Grey Mangrove
Avicennia officinalis
Acanthaceae Indian Mangrove

Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. (Tidal swamps and creeks from Red Sea Area to Arabian Sea Coast of W. Pakistan and Bombay (India))

Species with description & keys in Flora of China [Distribution other than China]:
Avicennia marina (Forsskål) Vierhapper [E Africa, S and SE Asia, N Australia].

An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys

Diversity of coastal plant communities in India by Lalit Kumar Banerjee, ENVIS & EMCBTAP (Botanical Survey of India)ENVIS & EMCBTAP-Botanical Survey of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests, 2002 – Science524 pages-
Avicennia alba Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Neder. Ind. 821,1 826. A. officinalis (L.) var. alba (Bl.) Clarke in Hook, f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 604. 1885. Shrubs or small trees, 4-10 m tall, 20-50 cm in diam., stems glabrous, black-coloured with thin lenticellate bark, …

The Sundarbans of India: A Development Analysis By Asim Kumar Mandal (2003)- Brief-
Medicinal Plants in Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah (2002)- Details-
Coastal Zone Management Handbook edited by John R. Clark (1995)- Details

Avicennia (‎Acanthaceae) : 5 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Avicennia (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

I have added the list of Indian species.

Thanks a lot, …
Avicennia alba Blume is an accepted species as per WCSP & as per the following documents:

Yes … it is also accepted name in the document Karthikeyan et al.2009. It is the TPL 2013 which mentions it as a synonym.

Thanks, …, We have to also check the underlying source in TPL (as it differs many time & may point towards inaccuracy in TPL).

I am herewith sending a copy of my publication of Family Avicenniaceae for
your kind perusal. Hope this will prove helpful for you.

Pl. go through Avicennia page with images of species (done by me) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.

Both the species are correct identification.

Thank you sir, It was very helpful for me.!

Please help me with following Bengali names in native script … boro baen, sada baen, kalo baen, dulia baen.
These are names of Avicennia spp.
Ref: ENVIS Centre on Floral Diversity

বড়ো বায়েন, সাদা বায়েন, কালো বায়েন, দুলিয়া বায়েন 

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