.
bar-LEER-ee-uh — name commemorates French botanist, Jacques Barrelier … Dave’s Botanary
pry-oh-NY-tis — Greek: priein (a saw) … Dave’s Botanary 
.
commonly known as: common yellow nail dye, porcupine flower, thorny nail dyeBengali: কণ্টঝিন্টি kantajhinti, পীতঝিন্টি pitajhintiGujarati: પીળો કાંટાશેળીયો pilo kantasheliyoHindi: झिण्टी jhinti, परुष parush, पीला पियाबांसा pila piyabansa, पीली कटसरैया pili katsaraiya, वज्रदंती vajradantiKachchhi: કંઢા આસેરીઓ kandha aserio, કાંટા આસેરીઓ kanta aserioKannada: ಹಳದಿ ಗೋರಟೆ haladi gorate, ಕುರಂಟಕ kurantaka, ಮದರಂಗಿ ಗಿಡ madarangi gida, ಮುಳ್ಳುಗೋರಣ್ಟ mullugorantaKonkani: कोरांटी korantiMalayalam: ചെമ്മുള്ളി chemmulli, കരിംകുറിഞ്ഞി karimkurunni, മഞ്ഞക്കനകാംബരം mannakkanakambaramMarathi: कोळिता kolita, पिवळी कोरांटी pivali korantiOdia: ଦାସକେରେଣ୍ଟା daskaranta, କଣ୍ଟା ମାଳତି kanta malati, ପୀତ pita, ପୀତକା pitaka, ପୀତ କୁରବକ pita kurabaka, ପୁର pura, ସୁପୀତ supitaSanskrit: आर्तगलः artagalah, बाण bana, दासी कुरण्टकः dasi kurantakah, झिण्टी jhinti, ककुभ kakubha, किङ्किरातः kinkiratah, कुरण्टकः kurantakah, कुरवकः kuravakah, महासह mahasaha, मृदुकण्टः mrdukantah, पीतकुरण्टकः pitakurantakah, पीतकुरवः pitakuravah, पीतम्लानः pitamlanah, पीतपुष्पकः pitapushpakah, पीतसैरीयकः pitasairiyakah, सहचरः sahacharah, उद्यानपाकी udyanapaki, वज्रदन्ती vajradantiTamil: செம்முள்ளி cem-mulli, கோரண்டம் korantam, கொடிப்பசலை koti-p-pacalai, கொவிந்தம் kovintam, குறிஞ்சி kurinci, குடான் kutan, மஞ்சட்செம்முள்ளி mancat-cemmulliTelugu: గోరంటచెట్టు gorantachettu, ముల్లుగోరంట mullu gorantaTulu: ಆನೆ ಗೋರಂಟ ane gorante, ಜೆಂಟೆ ಪು gente pu, ಗೋರಂಟ gorante, ಗೋರಟೆ ದೈ gorate dai, ಮಂಜಲ್ ಗೊರಂಟಿ manjal goranti
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As per efi thread:
When in doubt I always fall back on FBI. Though two species B. prionitis and B. cuspidata look similar, the deciding factor is leaves subsessile narrowly oblong lanceolate, not more than 8 mm broad in B. cuspidata; distinctly petiolate (petiole 12-25 mm long), elliptic, 2-4 cm broad in B. prionitis; Also bracts of B. cuspidata are narrowly lanceolate smaller; larger, foliaceous and elliptic in B. prionitis.
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Both Barleria montana and B. prattensis resemble in their general morphology hence may be confusing. Calyx features seem to be variable so cannot be wholly relied on. But the seed character is distinct enough to distinguish the two species. According to Shendage & Yadav (2010, Revision of genus Barleria in India):
Seeds clothed with appressed-silky hairs —— Barleria montana
Seeds glabrous ——- Barleria prattensis

Please refer to Cooke’s Flora

Barleria prionitis L. : leaves elliptic, acuminate bristle-tipped; bracteoles linear-subulate; flowers spicate above
Barleria cuspidata Heyne ex Nees: leaves subsessile, oblong-lanceolate, acute, bristle-tipped; bracteoles zero or a few minute bristles; flowers solitary in opposite axils
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Both species are showing 2 stamens but the flower colour is different in prionitis and cuspidata.
In prionitis flower is orange-yellow but in cuspidata it is yellow.
In both plants leaves are ovate-elliptic, flowers solitary or axillary and bracts linear-lanceolate.
But
Outer sepals with glandular hairs inside; style glabrous……….. B. cuspidata
Outer sepals without glandular hairs inside; style hirsute at base.…… B. prionitis
.

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Flora of Haryana: Barleria cuspidata from Near Munak Karnal: Sharing pics of  Barleria cuspidata from Near Munak Karnal
I identified this as Barleria cuspidata instead of B prionitis due to presence of two stamens


This should not be Barleria cuspidata. Barleria cuspidata has thorns almost an inch long, which are about the size of the flower-tube. Barleria prionitis, on the other hand, has thorns about 1 cm long, about half the size of the flower-tube. Also leaves of Barleria cuspidata are narrower, oblong-lanceshaped.
Moreover, Barleria cuspidata is endemic to Peninsular India, so not expected to be seen in Haryana. This looks like Barleria prionitis only.



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Request for species id 07032011 DKV-1: Location: Mhow, District Indore, Madhya Pradesh


– Could be Barleria prionitis L. !


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In that case please find further details attached. This may not be of your use, but its for those who need it. Barleria prionitis L. Sp. Pl. 2: 636. 1753.
Family: ACANTHACEAE JUSS.
Type: Lectotype – Herb. Linn. No. 262.13 (S) [Designated by: Wood & al. in Kew Bull. 38 : 436 (1983)]


– Here is the link at the Flowers of India dot net website



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Names of Plants in India :: Barleria prionitis: 3 posts by 2 authors. 1 image.

via Species‎ > ‎B‎ > Barleria prionitis

Flowers of IndiaDiscussions at efloraofindiamore views in flickrmore views on Google Earth
commonly known ascommon yellow nail dyeporcupine flowerthorny nail dye • Bengaliকণ্টঝিন্টি kantajhintiপীতঝিন্টি pitajhinti • Gujaratiપીળો કાંટા શેરિયો pilo kanta sheriyo • Hindiझिण्टी jhintiपरुष parushपीला पियाबांसा pila piyabansa,पीली कटसरैया pili katsaraiyaवज्रदंती vajradanti • Kannadaಮುಳ್ಳುಗೋರಣ್ಟ mullugoranta • Konkaniकोरांटी koranti •Malayalamകരിമകുറുഞ്ഞി karimkurunni • Marathiकोळिता kolitaपिवळी कोरांटी pivali koranti • Oriyadaskaranta •Sanskritआर्तगलः artagalahबाण banaदासी कुरण्टकः dasi kurantakahझिंटी jhintiककुभ kakubhaकिङ्किरातः kinkiratah,कुरण्टकः kurantakahकुरवकः kuravakahमहासह mahasahaमृदुकण्टः mrdukantahपीतकुरण्टकः pitakurantakahपीतकुरवः pitakuravahपीतम्लानः pitamlanahपीतपुष्पकः pitapushpakahपीतसैरीयकः pitasairiyakahसहचरः sahacharahउद्यानपाकी udyanapakiवज्रदन्ती vajradanti • Tamilசெம்முள்ளி cem-mulliகோரண்டம் korantamகொடிப்பசலை koti-p-pacalaiகொவிந்தம் kovintamகுறிஞ்சி kurinciகுடான் kutanமஞ்சட்செம்முள்ளி mancat-cemmulli • Telugu:గోరంటచెట్టు gorantachettu • Tuluಗೋರಣ್ಟೆ gorante 
botanical namesBarleria prionitis L. … synonymsBarleria hystrix L. • Barleria prionitis L. var. hystrix (L.) Kuntze, Revis.


Names update:
 • Teluguగోరంటచెట్టు gorantachettuముల్లుగోరంట mullu goranta (also ముళ్ల గోరింట mulla gorinta)
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Acanthaceae Week: Barleria prionitis from Delhi: Barleria prionitis L., Sp. Pl. 636 1753.
syn: Barleria coriacea Oberm.; Barleria echinata St.-Lag.; Barleria spicata Roxb.
A bushy prickly shrub with 3-4 spines in leaf axils; leaves elliptic-ovate, up to 10 cm long, tapering at ends; flowers orange-yellow in terminal spikes; calyx spine-tipped.

Photographed from Herbal garden, Rajouri Garden and Ridge in Delhi.
Common name: porcupine-flower

A very common shrub in South India.  This is known as  ‘December Poo’ in Tamil and spatika in kannada.


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Barleria Prionitis
Native Shrub
Date/Time- Sep 2010
Katnal, Mysore district 

.


Can be identified further
Barleria prionitis var. prionitis – Corolla 6 cm long
Barleria prionitis var. dicantha – Corolla 4 to 4.5 cm long

[Source: Flora of the Indian Desert, MM Bhandari]



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Flower ID Request 20120709AM:

I clicked this flower near Lonavala last month, please let me know what it could be. The following information in available.

Date/Time- 16-6-2012 11:00 am

Location- Lonavala region, near Lohagad Fort, Altitude- about 700m

Habitat- Wild

Plant Habit- Small plant

Height- About 1 foot

Leaves- Small, slender, about 4-5 cm in length (Pic attached)

Flowers Size- 2-3 cm Colour-Yellow (Pic attached)

Fruits- Not visible or obvious


Barleria prionitis L

syn: Barleria coriacea Oberm.; Barleria echinata St.-Lag.; Barleria spicata Roxb.

Please see the earlier link posted by … for further details.



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Is this Barleria?:  Posting a photo of a flower for Id.(looks like barleria?)
Location- Sasan Gir
Date/Time – 08.12.2012 / 12.15pm


Its Yellow Hedge Barleria : Barleria prionitis ( Acanthaceae)
Caterpillars of  the Pansy Group of butterflies feed on this plant.
Thorny and often planted as hedge. 



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Requesting ID of this Barleria species – Mumbai 27052013 : ARK-02 : Attachments (2).  3 posts by 2 authors.
Requesting ID of this Barleria species cultivated in a Mumbai garden captured in April 2013.


Barleria prionitis, a plant with a wide range of medicinal / healing properties.



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ID Request 041213SG : Attachments (4). 3 posts by 3 authors. Please help identify this plant, 2-3ft, found on border of jowar field at Tembhurni, Maharashtra. Photographed 02Dec13.


Barleria prionitis L.: Acanthaceae


Yes, supporting …



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Barleria prionitis L. : Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.

Barleria prionitis L., fam: Acanthaceae

21/02/2013; undershrub, from sea level to 1000m

flowering, root is official in indian medicine, antipyretic



Barleria prionitis L.
at Vaghbil, Thane on December 25, 2006
at Yeoor Hills on November 29, 2009


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Acanthceaea week validation of Barleria prionitis and cuspidata : 2 posts by 2 authors. Mixed thread- 2 correct images.

attaching images of B.prionitis 3657,3658 and B cuspidata 2410.2413,2418,2415

please validate the same


To me, following:
3657, 3658 … B. prionitis

2410, 2413, 2415, 2418 … B. cuspidata



Attached are pictures of Barleria prionitis captured at Mumbai in December 2012.

Was posted on the forum earlier, posting it in the family fortnight.



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Fwd: [efloraofindia:218190] Acanthaceae Fortnight: Barleria prionitis from Delhi-GSMAR07/08- 2 : 2 posts by 2 authors.

Barleria prionitis L., Sp. Pl. 636 1753.
syn: Barleria coriacea Oberm.; Barleria echinata St.-Lag.; Barleria spicata Roxb.
A bushy prickly shrub with 3-4 spines in leaf axils; leaves elliptic-ovate, up to 10 cm long, tapering at ends; flowers orange-yellow in terminal spikes; calyx spine-tipped.
Photographed from Herbal garden, Rajouri Garden and Ridge in Delhi.

Common name: porcupine-flower


Here is second from Herbal Garden clicked in April.

Attachments (3)


I agree with the id: Barleria prionitis

I have three distinct populations in my collection, but not able to fix them.

This is the first one from Herbal Garden photographed on November 10.


Supporting the id Barleria prionitis. Here is a link to the typical form of B. cuspidata http://www.flutters.org/home/photogallery/?level=picture&id=1257



Barleria seen in Nasik during the month of Oct with yellow flowers.

For Species id please.

Is it Barleria prionitis?


Yes …


… this is B.prionitis


Yes it is Barleria prionitis


For me the ID is correct: Barleria prionitis



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Acanthaceae Fortnight :: Barleria sp? :: Kamshet::: PKA-MAR96/96 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)- 1 MB each

Barleria sp. from kamshet.


It is Barleria prionitis


Barleria prionitis



This is posted for id validation, hopefully this is Barleria prionitis..

recorded from near Panipat..


Yes it is Barleria prionitis only


For me the ID is perfect.



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NR250716-4 : 2 posts by 1 author.

Find attached few pics for ID. Am new to this and am not very sure about the rules. Am giving enuf information here. If you need more info or something needs to be changed in the way i send stuff for ID, kindly lemme know. Thanks in advance.
Location: Bangalore

Date: XXIV.Jul.MMXVI


barleria priontis, in a garbage dump

alibaug, this sunday


I Think Barleria cuspidata instead of B prionitis due to presence of two stamens


I too think it is Barleria cuspidata at first look.
Both species are showing 2 stamens but the flower colour is different in prionitis and cuspidata.
In prionitis flower is orange-yellow but in cuspidata it is yellow.
In both plants leaves are ovate-elliptic, flowers solitary or axillary and bracts linear-lanceolate.
But
Outer sepals with glandular hairs inside; style glabrous……… B. cuspidata
Outer sepals without glandular hairs inside; style hirsute at base .…………… B. prionitis

For more reference please go through the attached paper.


I feel this is closer to images at Barleria prionitis L. rather than that at Barleria cuspidata F.Heyne ex Nees



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Barleria prionotis : 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching flowering of barleria species in BHU Ayurvedic garden (DRAVYAGUNA- BHAISHAJYODYAN) as on 19.12.17. these are termed as shwet saireyak and peet saireyak on the basis of colour of flowers. In ayurvedic text shwet (white), peet (yellow), rakt(red) and neel (blue) pushpa saireyak is described. in this discussion we have gone through the three varities. kindly provide the picture of blue flowered barleria if possible.


Pl. check


the yellow flowerd one is Barleria prionotis



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Barleria prionitis AT APL 2018/07 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Porcupine Flower
Hindi: Vajradanti, Jhinti, Pila piyabansa, Pili katsaraiya
Botanical Name: Barleria prionitis Family: Acanthaceae
This is a plant with immense medicinal properties. Roots and leaves of this plant are useful in treating bleeding gums and toothache. It is also considered useful in respiratory troubles and has anti-microbial properties.
Medicinal Plants Garden, Panjab University, Chandigarh.

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Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park  Jodhpur

Date: October 24, 2018 … Altitude: about 300 m (980 feet) asl
¿ Lepidagathis species ?  
Dear friends,
I am confused; not sure if this is Lepidagathis. Please help with ID.

seems its thriving

I could not find a match as per comparative images 


Also check comparative images at Justicia

Checked through Justicia, could not find any that looks like posted plant. Mainly the spines at the nodes … if there are no Lepidagathis, could it be some Barleria ? Will check later.

It is close to Barleria prionitis

Does not matches with images at Barleria prionitis or any other species so far at Barleria as per comparative images.

Seems to be Barleria prionites

Thanks … for following up on this query.

Many thanks to … for suggesting Barleria prionitis, seconding … similar thought.

It is indeed Barleria prionitis var. diacantha Blatt. & Hallb. … I have posted today photos of same plant in other (wet) places of the park, showing some of the last flowers of the season.



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Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park  Jodhpur

Date: October 24, 2018 … Altitude: about 300 m (980 feet) asl
Barleria prionitis var. diacantha Blatt. & Hallb.
Dear friends,
I had skipped posting pictures of this plant, found at various places in the park, because they were at fag end of flowering – you can clearly see the fact in the photos put below. The reason for posting them today is to bring to your notice one faded flower, almost white, in the first photo. This was brought to my attention by one of my flickr friends that Barleria prionitis exhibits such fading glory of the flower. In this park, rather in this region, Barleria prionitis var. diacantha, is found distributed.
Thus, the plants posted in another Lepidagathis :: Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park :: 24 OCT 18 are Barleria prionitis var. diacantha, well supported by comments from …



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SNGP, Mumbai– 1/4/08; On 20/9/08 in Hyderabad, AP; at kanakeshwar Alibag– 24/10/08; in Mumbai on 8 Nov ’09; national park in Mumbai on 8 Nov ’09; Sep 2010- Hampapura, Mysore district; Sep 2010- Katnal, Mysore district; at Ranthambor Fort, Rajasthan- Nov.’10?; Barleria – indiantreepix | Google Groups Barleria cuspidata (spiny barleria or Kate-koranti)? – indiantreepix | Google Groups


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A small plant growing wild with a single flower.

Kindly help in Species id please.

Barleria prionitis L.



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Prabalmachi  between Matheran and Panvel

Date: November 30, 2019 … Altitude: about 390 m (1,280 ft) asl
Barleria prionitis  L.

saw it in a nursery. not in wild around here. nice



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Barleria Species for ID : Rajpipla, Gujarat : 05JAN20 : AK-9 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

A cultivated plant seen during my visit in Nov,19.

Barleria prionitis?

Yes, appears to be Barleria prionitis as per keys and details herein.



Third population from Ridge 16 November


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A 4th one from Ridge in March


Thanks … for prompting me for re-look. When in doubt I always fall back on FBI. Though two species B. prionitis and B. cuspidata look similar, the deciding factor is leaves subsessile narrowly oblong lanceolate, not more than 8 mm broad in B. cuspidata; distinctly petiolate (petiole 12-25 mm long), elliptic, 2-4 cm broad in B. prionitis; Also bracts of B. cuspidata are narrowly lanceolate smaller; larger, foliaceous and elliptic in B. prionitis. This clearly identifies my plant with B. prionitis. They are corroborated by images at Flowers of India.

This image of same population should help further.


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Flowerv for Id -ID24032021SH1 – Is this Barleria ?
1 image.

Flower for Id pl. Is this Barleria prionitis ?.
Location – Sawantwadi (South Konkan, Maharashtra)

Date – March 2021


Barleria species. Post habit  pictures and foliage closeup etc. for proper ID.


Sorry …

This is the only picture with foliage. Another one is a close-up of flower which won’t be useful for ID.


Yes, possible as per images at Barleria prionitis


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References:

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