cut nut, freshwater mangrove, Indian putat, itchy tree, kandu almond, small Indian oak, wild almond • Bengali: হিজল hijala • Hindi: अब्ज abja, अदल adal, हिज्जल hijjal, निचुल nichul, पिचुल pichul, समुन्दरफल samundarphal • Kannada: ಹೊಳೆಕೋವೌಮರ holekovaumara • Konkani: इंग्ळी imgli • Malayalam: ആറ്റുപേഴ് aatupeezh, നീര്പ്പേഴ് niirppeezh • Marathi: धात्रीफळ dhatriphala, नेवर nevar, समुद्रफळ samudraphala • Oriya: hinjolo • Sanskrit: हिज्जल hijjala, निचुल nichul, पिचुल pichul, रक्तमन्जर raktamanjara, समुद्रफल samudraphala • Tamil: செங்கடம்பு engkatampu, ஸமுத்திரப்பழம samudra pazham • Telugu: కడపచెట్టు kadapachettu ;


For ID 01T – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Id Request for attached scanned image. Two of these medium sized trees stand along the pond near the main entrance of Jijamata Udyan.

I think it’s Freshwater Mangrove (Barringtonia acutangula). Here is a link for details: http://ayushveda.com/herbs/barringtonia-acutangula.htm

A perfect picture for an ID attempt. It shows leaves, inflorescence and the fruit. You did not get flowers because they bloom at late night. It is Barringtonia acutangula, a tree usually found near rivers and ponds close to sea shore.

Thank you for identification …
Another link to Barringtonia acutangula http://www.flowersofindia.Barringtonia.html

Actually I could manage to the leaves, inflorescence & the fruit togetehr as there were some branches lying on ground (probably trimmed). There were lots of fruits (raw & ripe), so collected some seeds of this tree. lets hope they germinate. I hope some one collect some more seeds that would be lying there. Infact it would be good idea to collect seeds, ready seedlings/saplings of various trees from this place (Jijamata Udya, Mumbai).

I think there is little mix up in the local names shown in both the links.
Barringtonia recemosa which grows along the seashore is known as ‘Samudra phal / phool’, which seems to be appropriate.
Barringtonia acutangula grows along the rivers and common name in Marathi is ‘Tiwar’. To call it ‘Samudra phal’ is not correct. The name
‘Tiwar’ is also used for mangroves.
Barringtonia acutangula is a very beautiful tree and flowers are very aromatic. Flowers generally bloom at night and drop down in the
It is beautiful site to see fallen pink flowers floating like a pink carpet on the river waters in Konkan.
In central Mumbai (Naigaum) there are old avenues of these trees on Devrukhkar Road and nearby roads. Otherwise this tree is quite rare
in urban areas.
It is a very good idea …, if you could collect seeds/ seedlings,
propagate them and promote them for plantation in urban areas / parks.


Barringtonia acutangula – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 6 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (5)
The Indian Oak is blooming in Chennai now (14.6.10), though not as profusely as last year.

Is it Barringtonia racemosa?

This plant is also seen in JIjamata Udyan , Mumbai

Great collection …
I suppose this is a coastal tree so difficult to grow in other areas.
As far as my knowledge goes there is one tree in Pune (Patwardhan baug ..yet not observed by me!) The flowers bloom only during night and wilt in the morning.
… had written about it in Pune Times few days back. It will be depicted in his forthcoming book about Trees of Pune which I am sure will be very useful to everybody.

this is
Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn. Fruct. 2: 97, t. 101, 1791; Cl. in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 508, 1878; Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bombay 2:
528, 1958 (Repr.); Almeida, Fl. Mah. 2: 256, 1998; Pradhan et al, Fl. SGNP 271, 2005.
Synonyms: Eugenia acutangula L., Sp. 673, 1753. Stravadium acutangulum Miers., Trans. L. Soc Serv. 2, Bot. 1: 80, 1875. Stravadium rheedii
Miers, I.c. 82, 1875.
Common names: Indian Oak, Dhatriphal, Tivar, Ingli.
commonly grows along teh periphery of lakes or along the river.
i have read in a thesis on Plants of Thane (deposited at Mumbai university library, kalina, Mumbai). i dnt remember the author. she
has mentioned abt a yellow form of this growing in a private compound of society.
the author has also provided a photograph.


Barringtonia acutangula:
Family : Barringtoniaceae.
Native to India esp. Konkan
Observed few large trees in Rani Bag Mumbai. 27 Feb 2011.

–  Just wanted to clarify, this now belongs to family, Lecythidaceae.
The family contains 3 subfamilies (source: Wikipedia): Foetidioideae (Foetidiaceae). Madagascar. Includes only Foetidia.
Planchonioideae (including Barringtoniaceae). Restricted to the Old World tropics.
Lecythidoideae (Lecythidaceae). Restricted to the New World tropics.

– I have read in a thesis at Mumbai univeristy (Arboreal flora of Thane city) about yellow variety of Barringtonia acutangula which was observed in some private building compound. any body in the group might have came across yellow variety may kindly upload the same.

barringtonia acutangula: new leaves, in the last week of april
at my place in alibaug

Valmiki mentioned a tree NICHULA in his Ramayan. This plant is scientifically known as Barringtonia acutangula. In Hindi it is known as Ingar and the same tree is known as Hijal in Bangla. The tree is in bloom at this time of the year. Attaching two images of NICHULA. You may like these.

If not mistaken it is in Jijamata Udyan, Bhayculla, near previous elephant place. Entire plant when flowering looks beauty.

The fruit is spoken of as Samudra-phala and fruit, and is one of the best known domestic remedies.
Also called Stream Barringtonia or Itchy Tree (after a catepillar with irritant hairs that sometimes colonises the undersides of the leaves).
Barringtonia is a tree 5-8 m tall with rough fissured dark grey bark. Leaves are obovate. Red flowers are produced on pendulous racemes about 20cm long. Four sided fruits are produced periodically throughout the year. Partly deciduous in extended dry periods. This species grows on the banks of freshwater rivers, the edges of freshwater swamps and lagoons and on seasonally flooded lowland plains, commonly on heavy soils.
Found in Madagascar and tropical Asia, amongst other places.
Propagation is by seed. Tolerant of heavy clay soils with poor drainage, it can grow in a range of soils.

Hooghly Today : Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn. : Attachments (4).  3 posts by 2 authors.
I hope the ID is correct, it is not Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng.

Barringtonia acutangula. I have seen this tree in Chennai in a park in Mylapore.


efloraofindia:”For Id 28052013MR1’’ tree with long panicles of rosy pink buds at Pune : Attachments (6). 3 posts by 2 authors.
requesting identification of a medium height road side tree on Nagar road Pune. there were long panicles of rosy pink buds. many small flowers had fallen on the ground. could not make out any fruits. there were few other similar trees.

Barringtonia acutangula.

Images by Surajit Koley (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)


Hooghly Today : Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn. (fruits) : Attachments (9). 6 posts by 4 authors.

“Bengal Plants” keys in –

  • Calyx valvate; fruit ovoid; when ripe slightly 4-angled towards base —– racemosa
  • Calyx slightly imbricate; fruit oblong, fusiform, markedly four angled throughout —— acutangula
Please don’t ask me what is valvate or imbricate or fusiform. Because, i have only links !!! –

yes very nice
we have them by the lakes and in the hort…
dont know id kbog has them, am sure they do , but where I dont know…

I am yet to explore KBot.

I am advised that this is the species in Vedanthangal Bird-sanctuary 80 kms from Chennai. this is also an underwater Plant and Birds lay eggs.

You can see the tree at the main entrance of the Nageshwara Rao Park, Mylapore, Luz Avenue, Chennai. Just after entering the park turn right. You can see this beautiful tree.
I understand a few plants are available in Theosophical society campus. But I am not sure.

ID Please 06062013 SR-1 :  Attachments (3).  5 posts by 4 authors.
Date-19.05.2013 Place-Cooch Behar, West Bengal.
Habitat-Wild tree.
Flowers yellowish white, arrange like a garland.

Barringtonia sp. perhaps..

I support to …,
Barringtonia sp. may be Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn.

Barringtinia acutangula


Tree ID Request-1 :  Attachments (3). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Requesting id of this tree (picture taken at Mumbai).

This looks like Barringtonia acutangula to me.

Yes … is right; most probably Barringtonia acutangula.


P1000930/32 for Identification. :  3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).

While going through my old photos i found following photos of the flowers.
As far as i can remember it was medium sized tree, near estuary.
Photos are taken near Karambavane, Chiplun, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra.
Date: Sept. 2013.

Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn. [Lecythidaceae].

This is Barringtonia acutangula.


Night Bloomers : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).
Flowers of 2 trees that are usually not seen as they bloom at night. Both trees have colourful and foetid flowers unlike most night blooming plants that have white and fragrant flowers.

2. Barringtonia acutangula flowers are borne on abundant long pendulous racemes. Flowers open by 8 pm, have strong unpleasant smell and they fall off by dawn. This tree grows along rivers and fresh water tanks in coastal areas of western India. The fallen floating flowers form a red carpet on the water surface early morning which is treat to watch.

Informative post and Beautiful photographs.

Really great observation, thanks … for sharing this interesting information with beautiful pictures…


Barringtonia acutangula : For Validation : Bangalore : 040914 : AK-4 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Tree seen at a garden in Bangalore on 27/7/14.
Kindly validate.

Yes, I think it is Barringtonia acutangula.
Family: Lecythidaceae


Barringtonia acutangula :: On way to Dive agar. Konkan SMP : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

Attaching some pictures of Barringtonia acutangula
observed near river bank on way to Dive agar
Family : Lecythidaceae

very nice, … you got them just in time for them to be still on the tree…
on the east coast i have only seen pinkish stamens
your pictures show very bright orangeish red stamen… local differences i guess
minerals in the soil may be?
fruits are similar looking.


Need Id : 10 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (1)

Please excuse the bad picture.
Grows in mumbai, full of ling bean pods

Close up pl.

Attachments (1)

This could be Barringtonia acutangula..

… is being helpful but the picture is very dark
I cant discern any features

Yes it is Barringtonia acutangula

Some of my pictures- Attachments (2)
Barringtonia acutangula

What a beautiful shot.

your pictures are spectacular
I have also seen this with pinkish flowers
regional differences may be?
… could that be it
ganges delta te pinkish flowers hoy?



Need help in Identification of tree : 5 posts by 3 authors.
Please have a look into the below link which I could not able to find the name.
This is available in Tamil nadu.

Links are not allowed. Pl. post as attachments. Otherwise also link is not working. 

The photographs in the link are of Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn. [Lecythidaceae].

Barringtonia racemosa : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Sharing a beautiful image sent by Dinesh Shirodkar Sir.

Attachments (1)

Nice images.. This is B acutangula.

Thanks … for the correction. I am informing …

Small Tree for ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 010518 : AK-2 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
A small tree seen yesterday (30.4.18).
No flowers or fruits.

Elaeocarpus sp.

seems like Barrangtonia

Mostly Barringtonia acutangula.

Thanks for the suggested id.
Even I think it is more closer to Barringtonia Species as suggested by … rather than Elaeocarpus Species suggested by …

My Diwali 2018 greeting card: Barringtonia acuteangula : 6 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (1)
Wish you all a very happy and healthy Diwali and New year.
This flower had been photographed by me several years ago and decided that to convert it to my Diwali greeting card.

wow, … better than a fataka. love it. happy Diwali and nutan varashbhinandan

A great wish. Looks like burst of  crackers! A nature’s display on Diwali ! A gift too !

Plant Id from Bangladesh_SM_2500 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Habitat: Fresh water Wetland (pond), It is flood tolerant species like Baringtonia, Pongamia pinnata, salix sp.
Location: Barisal City, Southern Bangladesh
Picture take: Nov, 2018

Looks like হিজল (Hijol) Barringtonia acutangula

near the main entrance of Jijamata Udyan; 9/5/09 at Lotus Pond, Hyderabad, AP; in a public park at Chennai- August’09?; in Chennai- June’10; Chandrapur District; 25-09-2010- Chandigarh;

Plant ID – efloraofindia | Google Groups
MaharashtraPlant-ChandrapurDistrict-3 – efloraofindia | Google Groups
tree in Chennai – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Barringtonia acuteangula (Freshwater Mangrove) – indiantreepix | Google Groups

Barringtonia acutangula: 1 very high res. image.

Found in Auroville Botanical Garden.
Villupuram district. TN.


267 ID wild tree: 12 high res. images.
Please ID wild tree,
Location: near Eazhattumukham, Paniyeli, Ernakulam Dist., Kerala
Altitude: 1200fsl
Flower date: 02.01.2022, 05.00pm
Habitat: wild, moisture, rocky riverside or steaming
Plant habit: tree, erect, branches, hard stem 20 inches base circumference, long lasting
Height: 04 meters,
Leaves: alternate, clustered, ovate, apex, hard, semi glossy, serrated margins, size:16×8cm or less
Flower: racemose inflorescence downwards, clustered, diameter:05mm, greenish yellow, good fragrance
Camera: mobile Samsung Galaxy A21s

Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn. [Lecythidaceae].

Barringtonia acutangula

Yes, it is Barringtonia acutangula,


Barrintonia acutangula page on web site.:
I am referring to the page Barringtonia acutangula.
Kindly remove images of Erythrina crista-galli from above mentioned page. These images are shown after first three images. These images are picked up from Geeta Samant ji’s e-mail (UID CHANDIGARH 1 26-09-2010.jpg, UID CHANDIGARH 2 26-09-2010.jpg, UID CHANDIGARH 3 26-09-2010.jpg, UID CHANDIGARH 4 26-09-2010.jpg, UID CHANDIGARH 5 26-09-2010.jpg)
This will avoid confusion when anybody glances through this page.

The editing in the old site site (https://sites.google.com/site/efloraofindia/species/a—l/l/lecythidaceae/barringtonia/barringtonia-acutangula) has been disabled by Google sites for more than last two years. So we can not edit it.
That is why we have to shift to a new site with great difficulties.

Lecythidaceae: Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn.: 1 image.
location/date: University of Agricultural Sciences campus, Bangalore, July 1997



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