Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb.) Benth.,  F. A. W. Miquel, Pl. jungh. 261. 1852, in adnota (syn. (≡) Bauhinia malabarica Roxb.; (=) Piliostigma malabaricum var. acidum (Reinw. ex Korth.) de Wit) as per GRIN;

Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb.) Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. 261.
1852; Bandyop. & M.K. Pathak in Candollea 68: 194. 2013. Bauhinia
malabarica
Roxb., (Hort. Bengal. 31.1814, nom. nud.) F1. Ind. 2: 321. 1832;
Baker in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 277. 1878; Duthie, Fl. Gangetic
Plain 1: 298. 1903; Prain, Bengal Pl. 441.
1903; T. Cooke, Fl. Bombay 1: 432. 1903; Gamble, Fl. Madras 407. 1919; Haines,
Bot. Bihar Orissa 308. 1922; Kanjilal & al., Fl. Assam 2: 139. 1938; Bandyop. &
al. in J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 29: 770, t. 5. 2006. Type: India Orientalis, 1813, Roxburgh
s.n.
(neotype BM 001001035, image!). B. acida Reinw. ex Korth., Verh.
Nat.
Gesch. Ned. Bezitt., Bot. 86. 1841. Type:
Kandajakan, Reinwardt s.n. (L 0846757, image!). Piliostigma acidum (Reinw.
ex Korth.) Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. 261. 1852. Bauhinia malabarica Roxb.var.
reniformis Royle ex Baker in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 277. 1878.
Type: Kheree Ghat (N.W.P.), Royle 63/50 (DD!). Piliostigma
malabaricum
(Roxb.) Benth.var. acidum
(Reinw. ex Korth.) de Wit in Reinwardtia 3:
531. 1956. P. malabaricum (Roxb.) Benth. var. reniforme (Royle ex
Baker) Thoth. in Bull. Bot. Soc.Bengal 19: 131. 1967. Bauhinia purpurea auct.
non L. 1753: DC., Prodr. 2: 515. 1825 (quoad spec.Timor) as per efi thread.

 
baw-HIN-ee-uh — named for Gaspard and Jean Bauhin, physicians and botanists
mal-uh-BAR-ih-kuh — of or from the Malabar Coast, southern India
 
commonly known as: Malabar bauhinia • Assamese: kotra • Bengali: karmai • Burmese: bwechin • Garo: bakbakhol, beolphiu, migong thak • Hindi: अम्ली amli • Kannada: ಬಸವನಪಾದ basavanapaada • Konkani: कोरट korat • Malayalam: ആരമ്പുളി aarampuli • Marathi: अम्ली amli, कोरळ koral • Nepalese: टाँकी tanki • Oriya: gumbati • Sanskrit: अम्लपत्रः amlapatrah, अश्मन्तक ashmantaka, अश्मयुक्त ashmayukta,यमलपत्रः yamalapatrah • Tagalog: alibangbang • Tamil: மலையாத்தி malai-y-atti, புளியாத்தி puli-y-atti • Telugu: పులి చింత puli chinta • Thai: som sieo, ton sieo ;
 
Native of: India, Bhutan, Nepal, Indo-China, Malesia, n Australia; 


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Fabaceae (pea, or legume family) » Bauhinia malabarica
Synonym, popular: Piliostigma malabaricum
baw-HIN-ee-uh — named for Gaspard and Jean Bauhin, physicians and botanists
mal-uh-BAR-ih-kuh — of or from the Malabar Coast, s-w India
Native of: India, Bhutan, Nepal, Indo-China, Malesia, n Australia
Edible use (WILD):
… leaves (as VEGETABLE) … Plants and people of Nepal<http://tinyurl.com/2cten2t>~
… tribal communities of Maharastra too use it

 

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please id the plant of bauhinia: it species of Bauhinia
collected from dapoli/ratnagiri/maharashtra
habit————tree
leaf—–107mm  X 70mm
pedicel———44.80mm
pod————-300mm
seed————-
thickness—–3.20mm
length——-6.44mm


seeds are chocolaty. floss is covered with soft cover. please help in ID


The seeds seem to be ovoid and not flat. If the leaves are 7-9 nerved this could be B. malabarica and if they are 15-17 nerved this could be B. foveolata. Are the pods purplish red? Is the plant in a wild habitat? I can barely see that leaves are 7-9 nerved. 

I too stand for B. malabarica.
Please taste the leaf and see whether it is sour in taste, though some other Bauhinia leaves also taste sour, leaves of B. malabarica has a “high degree” of sour taste compare to all other species. The malayalam name for this species is Aarampuli (puli in Malayalam/Tamil means ‘sour).

Further, to confirm we need to have flowers! Please check the same @
http://www.flowersofindia.in/catalog/slides/Malabar%20Bauhinia.html

 

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ID No.10082011_ Bauhinia (?) for ID: Please Help to ID this sp
Date/Time-02/10/2008- 09 AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-  Assam,
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild Type
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-  Tree
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Leaf  Bauhinia like, two lobes are round at apices, 5-9×4-9cm
Inflorescence Type/ Size- as seen in the photos, pendulous,
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- Minute (1.5-2.5 cm), White,
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- Not seen


Surely its Bauhinia species, pls check with B. tomentosa or B. malabarica


… most probably Bauhinia malabarica.
Please take a look at different views at
http://www.flickr.com/search/?w=91314344%40N00&q=Bauhiniamalabarica&m…


No, i guess its different from the photo of …, the petals are pink in … photo which is missing the posted one, but the photo posted here may be B. malabarica,, please try to check with herbarium..


I too think that this is probably B. malabarica


It is not necessary that the flower color is always pink it can be light pink-white/cream in color depending upon where it grows.


i guess there are many species of Bauhinia in Wild, with different colour, also with pink but not B. malabarica, so i said, require study to compare photo with..


Interesting discussion ! A simple way to check if it is D.malabarica is to taste the leaves. [Have this on my property and this was pointed out to me by Santosh Yadav]. Please check my post at this link :  
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/browse_thread/thread/b8… 

baw-HIN-ee-uh — named for Gaspard and Jean Bauhin, physicians and botanists
mal-uh-BAR-ih-kuh — of or from the Malabar Coast, southern India
 
Sep 30, 2007 … at Nagla block of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Thane
commonly known as: Malabar bauhinia • Assamese: kotra • Bengali: karmai • Garo: bakbakhol, beolphiu, migong thak • Hindi: अम्ली amli • Kannada: ಬಸವನಪಾದ basavanapaada • Konkani: कोरट korat • Malayalam: ആരമ്പുളി aarampuli • Marathi: अम्ली amli, कोरळ koral • Nepalese: टाँकी tanki • Oriya: gumbati • Sanskrit: अम्लपत्रः amlapatrah, अश्मन्तक ashmantaka, अश्मयुक्त ashmayukta, यमलपत्रः yamalapatrah • Tamil: மலையாத்தி malai-y-atti, புளியாத்தி puli-y-atti • Telugu: పులి చింత puli chinta
Native of: India, Bhutan, Nepal, Indo-China, Malesia, n Australia
more views: Sep 30, 2007 … at Nagla block of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Thane 
Sep 24, 2007 … at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra 
Apr 11, 2010 … at Nagla block of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Thane
Sep 28, 2009 … at Nagla block of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Thane

Bauhinia Tree ID request – RK76 – 29-Dec-2012:  Requesting identification of the species of this Bauhinia tree from Tungareshwer forest. It is fruiting now and the pods are green with maroon patches. The pod size is 8 to 10 inches long. The leaves are quite big, around 5 to 6 inches wide or maybe more also. Thanks.


Bauhinia malabarica


Re: Bauhinia : 3 posts by 1 author.  

B. malabarica is not listed in the genus page of Bauhinia on the eflora website. Images of the same are available on the group site.


Thanks, … Pl. see Piliostigma malabaricum


Yes, I get you point … but Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. is an accepted name in theplantlist 1.1.

Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb.) Benth. is also an accepted name.
However, the two (Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. and Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb.) Benth.) are not synonyms as suggested on eFI website.
Piliostigma acidum (Korth.) Benth. is a synonym of Bauhinia malabarica Roxb.
So is the identity Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. or is it Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb.) Benth.?

One request: Please tell me how you hyperlink the text so I can also do the same and make it easy for you to visit the relevant pages.


Thanks, …

Choice is between ILDIS (on which The Plant List is relying- latest reference being of 2001) or GRIN (UPDATED IN 2011) ((latest reference being of 2004))
I have gone with GRIN.
I am marking a copy to our Indian Expert Dr. Bandyopadhayay for his final decision in the matter.
For your other query, pl. select the text for creating a hyperlink e.f. ILDIS. Click on ‘Insert link’ in the gmail in the row in which send button is there. Copy & paste web address of ILDIS link (e.g. http://www.legumes-online.net/ildis/aweb/td106/td_22365.htm here) in the Web Address. Thus hyper link is created.


Thank you for your mail.
No one should over rely on the said websites:
Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb.) Benth. is now the accepted name. Kindly see the attachment. This is based on recent molecular studies. Attachments (1)


 

 

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Bauhinia for ID :: Mumbai :: ARKNOV20 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Seen another Bauhinia in Aarey forest in Mumbai in December 2015.
Can this be Bauhinia malabarica?


Thanks, …  Pl. Check comparative images at EFI site


Does not match with images of Piliostigma malabaricum (syn: Bauhinia malabarica)
Appears closer to the pods of Bauhinia purpurea L.


The quality of the picture is not good. The identifying characters are not prominent.
Still the images come closer to Piliostigma malabaricum
 

 

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in SGNP- 2/10/07?; Bauhinia foveolata? – indiantreepix | Google Groups

 

 

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10 OCT 09 — Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary; 28 SEP 09 — Saphale Ghat; 30 SEP 07 — Nagla block of SGNP;  Flora Picture of the year – 2009 – Dinesh Valke – efloraofindia | Google Groups Bauhinia malabarica ? – indiantreepix | Google Groups

Bauhinia roxburghiana from Delhi (mixed thread): No correct images. ………………………………….


……………………….
Sir, I have some queries on B. foveolata and B. malabarica. It is not mentioned in T. Cooke’s flora that flowers of both species are unisexual. I have found both sexes in B. foveolata and only male plants in B. malabarica, I am on lookout for female plants. B. malabarica is rare in Maharashtra and in order to make saplings of the same it is important to find female trees of this species.
I find that male flowers in both the species are night blooming and are foetid. The number of flowers is very high. Both have jointed pedicels and the entire flower with broken pedicel drops down by morning breaking away from the inflorescence. You would recollect having seen pictures of such fallen flowers on ITP postings. The male flowers are not sterile. Is this observation unusual and is it seen in other genera also?
I would like to know your coments on this.


Thanks for your mail. Flowers which open in the evening are commonly pollinated by night insects, birds or bats, and many fall in the morning. Concerning Bauhinia I found this:
The relationship between the pollination biology of a tropical plant, Bauhinia pauletia, and the foraging strategies of the nectarivorous bats visiting it was studied. At least two bat species are pollen vectors, Phyllostomus discolor and Glossophaga soricina. Artibeus jamaicensis and Sturnira lilium were also captured near Bauhinia flowers. Larger bats (P. discolor) drain flowers of nectar and forage in groups, while smaller bats (G. soricina) make brief visits and forage independently. These foraging strategies should optimize energetic gain for the bats and promote outcrossing for the plant. Bauhinia pauletia is self—compatible, but is found where conditions favor outcrossing. Andromonoecism (the preence of hermaphrodite and male flowers) in this species appears to be anadaptation to pollination by large pollinators that also promote outcrossing.
Pollination and floral biology of seven species of Bauhinia were analyzed between 1982 and 1983 in different Venezuelan plant communities. Bauhinia species are grouped in two sections: Pauletia, which includes trees, and Tylotaea, which includes lianas. The species of sect. Pauletia included in this study (B. aculeata, B. multinervia, B. pauletia, B. ungulata) have comparatively large, white flowers, while the species of sect. Tylotaea (B. glabra, B. guianensis, B. rutilans) exhibit different colors of flowers and variations in form and color of the upper petal. Nectar analyses were made for six Bauhinia species for sugar and amino acid composition. The species of sect. Tylotaea produce less nectar with a higher sugar concentration than those of sect. Pauletia. Hexose is dominant in species of sect. Pauletia except in Bauhinia aculeata, where sucrose is dominant. The species of sect. Tylotaea have comparatively small diurnal flowers and are visited by a great variety of bees, wasps, butterflies, and hummingbirds; those of sect. Pauletia are mainly nocturnal and bat-pollinated, but Bauhinia aculeata showed different behavior and could be intermediate between the two sections. The flower morphology, floral biology, pollinator species, nectar composition, and secretion tend to be associated with the life form of the two sections of Bauhinia.
http://www.jstor.org/pss/2399520

 

 

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Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb.) Benth. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
I have attached them right now along with a literature.

Kindly give photo credit to Botanical Survey of India.


 

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Bauhinia Tree from South Goa : 02Jun19 : VK : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)- around 900 kb each. 

Could this be Bauhinia malabarica?
Please help me id
Habitat: scrub forest
Place: South Goa
Date: 02 June 2019

I think you may be right for Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb.) Benth. as per comparative images at Bauhinia 

Images not clear. Pods immature.

Still seems to be of Piliostigma malabaricum

 

References:

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